final quiz urinary diseases 1.txt

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final quiz urinary diseases 1.txt
2012-11-24 16:48:55
final review urinary diseases

urinary diseases quiz #1 final review
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  1. All of the following statements regarding the kidney are correct except
    primary function is to maintain water and electrolyte balance
  2. All of the following are considered diagnostic tests or procedures except
  3. Dipstick measures all of the following parameters except
  4. Vegetarian diet, low carbohydrate diet or ingestion of citrus fruit
    High urinary pH (alkali)
  5. High protein diet or fruits such as cranberries
    Low urinary pH (acidic)
  6. Diabetes mellitus
    Low urinary pH (acidic)
  7. Fanconi syndrome
    High urinary pH (alkali)
  8. High urinary pH (alkali)
    • vegetarian diet, low carb diet, citrus fruit
    • Fanconi syndrome
  9. Low urinary pH (acidic)
    diabetes mellitus, high protein diet, fruits such as cranberries
  10. Pyuria
    cause of microscopic particles in urine
  11. Glomerulonephritis
    cause of hematuria
  12. Diabetes mellitus
    cause of glucose in urine
  13. Chronic kidney disease
    cause of albuminuria
  14. Glomerulonephritis is a multi-step process that includes all of the following except
    eosinophils respond to the inflamed glomeruli
  15. Which statements best describes systemic lupus erythmatosus or lupus nephritis
    a chronic inflammatory disease that can affect the skin, joints, kidneys, blood cells, heart and/or lungs
  16. Which statement best describes vasculitis
    a condition causing inflammation of blood vessels resulting in thickening, weakening, narrowing and scarring of vessel walls
  17. Which statement best describes Goodpasture's syndrome
    a rare autoimmune lung disorder that may mimic pneumonia, causing bleeding into lungs and/or kidneys
  18. Which statement best describes systemic IgA neuropathy
    a condition resulting from deposits of antibody in the glomeruli causing recurrent episodes of blood in the urine
  19. Which statement best describesthe mechanism and site of action of loop or high-ceiling diuretics
    act on the ascending loop of Henle by inhibiting reabsorption of Na+, K+ and Cl- and inhibit Ca+2 and Mg+2 reabsorption
  20. Which statement best describes the mechanism and site of action of thiazide diuretics
    act on the distal convoluted tubule by inhibiting Na+, K+ and Cl-
  21. Which statement best describes the mechanism and site of action of potassium-sparing (-retaining) diuretics
    act on the collecting duct and late distal tubule to inhibit reabsorption of Na+ and promote K+ retention
  22. Which statement best describes the mechanism and site of action of osmotic diuretics
    act to prevent H2O reabsorption in the proximal tubule so more H2O is excreted as well as Na+, Cl- and K+
  23. Glucocorticosteroids and immunosuppressants
    systemic lupus erythematosus or lupus nephritis
  24. Hemodialysis
    chronic renal failure
  25. Medications to control hypertension and edema
    IgA nephropathy
  26. Plasmapheresis
    Goodpasture's syndrome
  27. All of the following statements regarding chronic renal failure are correct except
    affected organs include cardiovascular system, central nervous system, digestive system and respiratory system