skin 3.txt

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  1. Fungal skin infections
    • fungi or dermatophytes tend to live on the dead, top layer of skin
    • among the most common skin disease
    • affects millions of people worldwide
    • estimated lifetime risk of a fungal infection is 10-20%
    • fungal transmission occurs by direct contact with infected person, animal, soil or fomites
    • fungal infection usually occurs on moist areas where skin surfaces touch
    • obese individuals more susceptible due to excessive skin folds
  2. 6 kinds of Tinea (ringworm)
    • Tinea corpus (body ringworm)
    • Tinea pedis (athlete's foot)
    • Tinea cruris (jock itch)
    • Tinea capitis (scalp ringworm)
    • Tinea unguium(nail fungus)
    • Tinea barbae (barber itch)
  3. Prevention of ringworm
    • keep skin clean, cool and dry
    • wear sandalsin shower or poolside
  4. Diagnosis of ringworm
    • visual exam
    • microscopic examination of cells from skin scraping of affected body area
  5. Treatment of ringworm
    • keep skin clean and dry
    • antifungal medications
    • daily laundering of night clothes and bed sheets
    • antibiotics
  6. Seborrheic dermatitis (chronic dandruff)
    • chronic inflammatory skin disorder affecting areas of the head and trunk where sebaceous glands are located
    • affects 3-5% of people worldwide
    • possible infectious agent is Pityrosporum ovale yeast
    • severe disease may include yellow or red scaling papules
  7. Diagnosis of seborrheic dermatitis
    • visual examination
    • biopsy
  8. Treatment of seborrheic dermatitis
    • proper hygiene
    • frequent cleansing with soap
    • medicated shampoos
    • antifungal medications
    • glucocorticosteriods
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skin 3.txt
2012-11-24 21:50:49

integumentary #3
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