Development of Modernist Art (part 7)

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Author:
felara9614
ID:
185171
Filename:
Development of Modernist Art (part 7)
Updated:
2012-12-04 02:19:12
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APAH
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Description:
TransAtlantic Artistic Dialogues, Harlem Renaissance, and Precisionism
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    • Sixth Avenue and 30th Street
    • Artist: Sloan
    • Era: TransAtlantic Artistic Dialogues
    • Techniques:
    • visual and social realities of American urban life after the turn of the century
    • lived in low part of town
    • bustling intersection
    • people bracketed by subway tracks and shops - two defining things of urban life that converge in the background
    • three women in foreground
    • one in white, drunkard
    • being stared at by 2 well dressed prostitutes
    • men watching prostitutes
    • street walkers were victims of unfair social restrictions
    • Installation Photo of the Armory Show
    • Era: TransAtlantic Artistic Dialogues
    • Techniques:
    • European artistic developments shared with US
    • brought together European and us artists
    • "universal anarchists"
    • The Steerage
    • Artist: Stieglitz
    • Era: TransAtlantic Artistic Dialogues, 20th century Photography
    • Techniques:
    • first class but walked to steerage blocked by bar of people denied entrance to US
    • shapes related to human feeling
    • figures are trapped by lines to ship
    • play of shape with round hat
    • black and white photo create a unique division
    • alludes to softness and emotions of Rembrandt
    • Nude
    • Artist: Weston
    • Era: TransAtlantic Artistic Dialogues, 20th century Photography
    • Techniques:
    • focus on simplicity
    • smallest segment of human body
    • lyrical photo of dark and light and seem to suggest a landscape at first glance
    • torso and leg
    • Monolith, the Face of Half Dome
    • Artist: Adams
    • Era: TransAtlantic Artistic Dialogues, 20th century Photography
    • Location: Yosemite Valley, California
    • Techniques:
    • yellow filter on camera darkens sky*
    • most dramatic angle
    • brooding cliff with oppressing dark sky
    • snowy peak in background
    • Lackarbeiter
    • Artist: Sander
    • Era: TransAtlantic Artistic Dialogues, 20th century Photography
    • Techniques:
    • quiet dignity and self confidence of the man
    • Nazi's didn't like it because it shows individuality
    • holding varnish in one hand - pride in one's profession
    • set against vast dark rectangle of open space
    • openness of composition gives individual more power
    • Seville, Spain
    • Artist: Cariter-Bresson
    • Era: TransAtlantic Artistic Dialogues, 20th century Photography
    • Techniques:
    • figures don't alter their behavior even though they acknowledge the photographer
    • figures framed by blasted hole in the wall
    • supposed to be able to tell was happened before and after
    • a civil war
    • rubble in the streets
    • gathering tensions going into this crisis
    • allusion to resilience on human spirit with kids playing
    • Portrait of a German Officer
    • Artist: Hartley
    • Era: TransAltlantic Artistic Dialogues
    • Techniques:
    • array of military related images
    • his friend was killed in battle before he painted this so his initials are in bottom left
    • died at 24
    • 4th regiment
    • flattened planes
    • somber black background
    • colorful stripes and patches casts a funeral like atmosphere over the piece
    • Breaker Boys
    • Artist: Hine
    • Era: TransAtlantic Artistic Dialogues, 20th century Photography
    • Techniques:
    • small space captured as grimy youngsters
    • most died very young
    • magnesium powder flashes to illuminate the scene but still kept it dark
    • shallow space to see the horrible conditions
    • Lucky Strike
    • Artist: Davis
    • Era: TransAtlantic Artistic Dialogues
    • Techniques:
    • tobacco still life
    • evidence of urban life
    • progressiveness of American culture
    • fragmented angles
    • illusionistically painted
    • interlocking planes creating dynamism and rhythm of American life
    • Future Expectations
    • Artist: Van Der Zee
    • Era: Harlem Renaissance
    • Techniques:
    • young bridal couple sitting before a painted backdrop
    • backdrop shows a gracious fireplace and sitting area with back garden
    • backdrop alludes to a home they hope to have one day in their future
    • at their feet sits a daughter that they have dream of having
    • daughter has double exposure - ghostly figure
    • soft light sets mood
    • crisp focus records every detail
    • off-center pyramid composition - allusion to Holy Family
    • allusion and harmony of shapes
    • subtle patterns and rich emotions
    • Noah's Ark
    • Artist: Douglas
    • Era: Harlem Renaissance
    • Techniques:
    • one of 7 paintings based on a book of poems by James Weldon Johnson called "God's Trombones, Seven Negro Sermons in Verse"
    • flat planes evoke a sense of mystical space and miraculous happenings - (also resembles synthetic cubism)
    • unmodulated color shapes create patterns - cancels out 3-dimensional shapes
    • diagonal criss-crossing rays of light
    • sunlight crosses with divine light from above- wavy lines are sea and sky
    • triangles and rectangles make up ark
    • flattens space but suggests space by differenciating the size of the figures
    • no recession into space
    • people are flat sections of color because they have no individual identities *when he paints negroes
    • My Egypt
    • Artist: Demuth
    • Era: Precisionism
    • Techniques:
    • John Eshelman and Sons grain elevators
    • reducing elevators to geometric forms - but are still reckognizeable and forcefully solid
    • painting is disrupted by beams of transparent planes and diagonal forced lines that threaten to destabalize the image - like Cubist fragmented space
    • flattened space=no light
    • alludes to the effects of expanding technology
    • ambiguous title - favorable comparison to Egyptian works - grain elevators become cultural icons
    • negative comments on limitations of American culture -critics
    • The Upper Deck
    • Artist: Sheeler
    • Era: Precisionism
    • Techniques:
    • takes the photo and creates a painting but tries to eliminate any sense of it being a painting
    • trying to accomplish sleek froms of machinery
    • simplified details in photograph and modified shadows
    • creates patterns of a symphony of tawny rosy whites
    • New York, Night
    • Artist: O'Keefe
    • Era: Precisionism
    • Techniques:
    • soaring skyscrapers that dominate city life that represent the fast-paced lifestyle in urban cities and that everything si as sharp and precise as a machine
    • flat planes
    • puncuates the larger rectuangles with small rectanglular windows which add rhythm and energy to the piece
    • trying to counteract the monolithic darkness of the looming building
    • Jack-in-the-Pulpit
    • Artist: O'Keefe
    • Era: Precisionism
    • Techniques:
    • generally abstract
    • blowing up a flower so that it's almost pushed outside the frame
    • can't recognize it as a flower just abstract sections of color
    • not as angular and Precisionism
    • colors, shapes, textures, and rhythms
    • natural flow of curved planes and contours
    • almost complete abstractiong
    • fluid planes unfold, like undulating petal from a central axis
    • slow controlled motion of growing life
    • graceful poetry, quiet, reveals organic reality of object, and in striking contrasts to rest of Precisionsim
    • very sexual
    • considered feminist
    • white jet like streak in middle creates a slow controlled motion of growing life
    • Light Coming on the Plains II
    • Artist: O'Keefe
    • Era: Precisionism
    • Techniques:
    • watercolor
    • uses the color to intensify the quality of life
    • light is different from cities to the desert
    • sunrise in southwest
    • light pushes out the darkness
    • light is a reoccuring theme
    • few strokes on a dampened paper
    • No. 49 from the Migration of the Negro
    • Artist: Lawrence
    • Era: Harlem Renaissance
    • Techniques:
    • uniting the colors throughout all of his pieces in the series - green, blue, orange, yellow, and grayish-brown
    • rope barrier
    • zig-zag- flattened space
    • white people have place mat settings

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