Final Exam

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
18519
Filename:
Final Exam
Updated:
2010-05-09 21:04:42
Tags:
Communication theory test
Folders:

Description:
Comm test 3
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. According to Griffin, scholars who follow the objectivist position believe that theories need to be validated by testing them in a manner similar to the scientific method
    TRUE
  2. All rhetorical critics do interpretive analysis, so all interpretive scholars are rhetoricians.
    FALSE
  3. One measure of a good interpretive theory is the extent to which it reforms society
    TRUE
  4. The cybernetic tradition views communication as a series of systems that are not connected
    FALSE
  5. The critical tradition is concerned with the way that language can be used to perpetuate power imbalances
    TRUE
  6. Symbolic Interactionism is based on the principles of meaning, language, and thought
    TRUE
  7. According to Blumer, interaction claim that the extent of knowing is dependent on the extent of naming
    TRUE
  8. One of the most important contributions of the coordinated management of meaning CMM is its ability to discover principles of communication that hold true for everyone in every situation
    FALSE
  9. CMM suggests that we co-construct our own identity and the identity of the other person we are talking with during conversation.
    TRUE
  10. Pearce and Cronen believe their theory is successful when it helps people create the kind of social worlds in which we want to live
    TRUE
  11. A theorist only needs to think carefully about an idea
    FALSE
  12. One of the problems in spotting liars is they react the same way as truth-tellers being accused of lying
    TRUE
  13. Performances that are seen as too slick can be a sign of deception
    TRUE
  14. According to social penetration theory, self-disclosure has important rules that need to be followed
    TRUE
  15. Depth is measured by how many different aspects of a person's life you are familiar with
    FALSE
  16. If we choose to interact with someone because they have something we want, we are relying on incentive value
    TRUE
  17. When uncertainty is low, reciprocity will be higher
    FALSE
  18. Theories always involve an element of
    SPECULATION
  19. Most scholars reserve the term "theory" for an integrated _________ of concepts.
    SYSTEM
  20. Griffin feels that viewing theories as a lens of a camera may cause others to view that theory as
    BIASED BY THE THEORETICAL STANCE OF THE VIEWER
  21. The __________ principle of social exchange theory helps us gauge relational stability.
    Personality or Comparison level alternative
  22. The content and form of a text is usually _____ by the communicator
    ALL THE ABOVE-constructed, selected, crafted
  23. If a person want to get to know a person in class who he or she finds atractive and talks to a friend who also knows the person, he or she is using
    ACTIVE STRATEGY
  24. According to Petronio's private management theory, __________ refers to the strength of a relationship
    BOUNDARY LINKAGE
  25. The objective and interpretive approaches to theory differ
    A and C are correct- a. in a starting point, method and conclusion, c. because interpretive approaches assume that there is more than one reality in the world.
  26. Which of the following statements regarding objective approaches is true?
    B. OBJECTIVE APPROACHES ATTEMPT TO FIND UNIVERSAL LAWS THAT EXPLAIN HUMAN BEHAVIOR IN A VARIETY OF SITUATIONS
  27. Which of the following is true about deception?
    ALL OF THE ABOVE: a. real or imagined suspicion increases deceivers' strategic activity, b. what deceivers do depends on how well they know their partner, perception of suspicion increases when a respondent's behavior is unexpected
  28. Which of the following methods would an interpretive researcher most likely use?
    E. B AND C_ b-textual analysis, c. ethnography
  29. What does interpersonal deception theory say about reciprocation and deception?
    C. When respondents are highly involved in terms of body language, deceivers match their intensity
  30. According to Griffin, the behavioral scientists usually describes human conduct occurring because
    D. HUMANS REACT TO FOCUS OUTSIDE THE INDIVIDUALS AWARENESS
  31. Critical interpreters value the idea of emancipation, meaning that
    C. RESEARCH IS MOST VALUABLE WHEN IT LIBERATES PEOPLE FROM OPPRESSION
  32. Researcher who created symbolic convergence theory is
    ERNEST BORMANN
  33. According to Griffin, the twin objectives of scientific research are
    A. EXPLAINING THE PAST AND PRESENT, AND PREDICTING THE FUTURE
  34. Objective theories value the ability to predict future events through theory. Based on this discussion
    B. good objective theories may define probability and tendencies
  35. Burgoon's discussion of interaction position in EVT states that a person's initial stance towards an interaction is determined by
    C. PERSONAL REQUIREMENTS, EXPECTATIONS, AND DESIRES
  36. Objective theories and interpretive theories overlap when
    D ALL THE ABOVE - an explanation of communication leads to further understanding of people's motivation, prediction and value clarification took to the future, practical theories reform unjust practices
  37. When comparing scientific and interpretive theories, the counterpart to a scientific theory's simplicity is interpretive theory's
    A. AESTHETIC APPEAL
  38. According to Ogden and Richards' semantic triangle, the relationship between the symbol and the referent is represented by a broken line because
    C. THE SAME SYMBOL COULD HAVE DIFFERENT REFERENTS
  39. The _____ tradition might analyze the way a politician used metaphors to win support for his or her policy during a speech.
    A. RHETORICAL
  40. Within the semiotic tradition, a sign is?
    A. A SIGN IS ANYTHING THAT CAN STAND FOR SOMETHING ELSE
  41. ACCORDING TO CARL ROGERS, THE MATCH BETWEEN AN INDIVIDUALS INNER FEELINGS AND HIS OR HER OUTER DISPLAY OF EMOTION IS
    C. CONGRUENCE
  42. Critical theories focus on correcting power imbalances in society, and they might support the claim that
    D. ALL THE ABOVE- a. language that perpetuates power imbalances should be eliminated, b. mass media often full fills people's sensitivity to repression, and therefore is problematic c. accepting scientific findings without questioning them is a mistake
  43. Source credibility refers to the
    D. AUDIENCE PERCEPTION OF THE COMPETENCE AND TRUSTWORTHINESS OF A SPEAKER/WRITER
  44. The critical tradition stems from a desire to explore the ideas of
    A. KARL MARX
  45. ____________describes how we construct our sense of self by imagining how we look to another person.
    A. LOOKING-GLASS SELF
  46. Mead suggests that the self is an ongoing process that combines the "I" and "me". The "I" refers to
    A. THE SPONTANEOUS FORCE THAT FOSTERS UNPREDICTABLE BEHAVIOR
  47. Mead names the composite set of information that an individual has of his/her self based on community expectations and responses
    C GENERALIZED OTHER
  48. According to Mead, the self
    B. COMES ONLY WHEN WE ARE PART OF A COMMUNITY
  49. Mead put forth the idea that humans have a unique capacity to
    either b. take the role of the other, or c. be proactive and not reactive
  50. If a person asks the question, "If I win this argument, what type of person will I become, it is an example of the CMM characteristic that states
    A THE ACTIONS OF PERSON-IN-CONVERSATION ARE REFLEXIVELY PRODUCED AS THE INTERACTION CONTINUES
  51. One of the problems Burgoon notes about EVT is that it
    C IT DOES NOT FULLY ACCOUNT FOR RECIPROCITY IN RELATIONSHIPS
  52. When you choose to hide a secret from your spouse, you are using the strategy known as
    C CONCEALMENT
  53. If you are trying to deceive your partner about what you did over the weekend by stating "we just went over to Bob's for a party". You are using which disassociation strategy?
    C. A GROUP REFERENCE
  54. What is truth bias?
    D. THE PERSISTENT EXPECTATION THAT PEOPLE ARE TELLING THE TRUTH
  55. Uncertainty is related to liking in that
    C. AS UNCERTAINTY INCREASES, LIKING DECREASES
  56. How is uncertainty related to reciprocity?
    C. RECIPROCITY DECREASES AS UNCERTAINTY DECREASES
  57. What is the relationship between information-seeking behavior and uncertainty?
    B. WHEN UNCERTAINTY IS HIGH, PEOPLE SEEK MORE INFORMATION
  58. According to Walther, impressions are formed at a reduced rate in a computer mediated exchange, and the subsequent relationships will be weaker in terms of trust.
    FALSE
  59. If someone has started a new relationship and he/she is debating about whether or not to tell his or her mom, that person is dealing with revelation-concealment dilemma.
    TRUE
  60. Relational dialectics suggest that conflicts in relationships are inevitable and can be constructive
    TRUE
  61. If one person usually makes the decision in a relationship and the partner goes along with them, they have symmetrical relationship.
    FALSE
  62. A conversational move designed to gain control of an exchange is called one-up communication
    TRUE
  63. The longer an individual delays in choosing between two equally attractive options, the greater the feeling of post-decision dissonance.
    TRUE
  64. Personal stories are those that carry the ideology of management and reinforce company policy.
    FALSE
  65. More than anything else, Deetz is concerned with the issue of unjust control.
    TRUE
  66. Deetz used the term "codetermination" to describe a decision process that systematically excludes those who are directly affected by the decisions.
    FALSE
  67. McLuhan called the tribal age a time of community because the ear is the dominant sense organ.
    TRUE
  68. Postman argues that television is detrimental to society because it has led to a loss of serious public discourse.
    TRUE
  69. Critical studies are primarily concerned with power relationships in society.
    TRUE
  70. Hall talks about the myth of democratic pluralism, which means
    B. HIS GOAL IS TO ACCURATELY INTERPRET POWER SHIFTS
  71. Hall believes mass media
    A. IS BECOMING MORE SEXUALIZED LEADING TO A NEGATIVE AFFECT ON WOMEN
  72. McLuhan believed that people focus on media content and overlook the
    C MEDIUM
  73. In McLuhan's Media Map of History, the time of instant communication is the
    D ELECTRONIC AGE
  74. In McLuhan's media map of history, the industrial revolution occurs during the
    C PRINT AGE
  75. In the electronic age, instant communication has made ___________ more important than sight.
    C. SOUND AND TOUCH
  76. Deetz views language as
    C THE MEANS OF CREATING SOCIAL REALITY
  77. Deetz's use the term "stakeholder democracy" refers to
    A OPEN NEGOTIATION OF POWER AMONG ALL WHO ARE AFFECTED BY CORPORATE DECISIONS
  78. Which of the following statements is an example of what Deetz calls discursive closure?
    • D ALL OF THE ABOVE
    • -janitorial staff at a factory is not allowed to make suggestions about improving work conditions
    • -boss says "its my way or the highway"
    • -the company monitors employee work stations in order to discourage negative talk about the company
  79. A coworker is telling a _______ story when she warns that the male boss is usually "very friendly" with new female employees at company socials.
    D COLLEGIAL
  80. Company policies are reinforce by narratives classified as
    B. Corporate stories
  81. The point of cultural approaches to organizational life is to
    D CREATE A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF HOW TO FUNCTION EFFECTIVELY WITHIN THE CULTURE
  82. Asking a child to make his bed with no promise of reward except a "thank you" can instill attitude change in his based on the
    A MINIMAL JUSTIFICATION HYPOTHESIS
  83. The process of avoiding information that is likely to create dissonance is called
    Selective exposure
  84. ______________ can increase post decision dissonance.
    • D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
    • -the importance of the issue
    • -the longer the delay in choosing between two options
    • -the greater the difficulty in reversing the decision
  85. Festinger's research showed that
    • D. ALL THE ABOVE
    • -people need to appear reasonable to themselves
    • -the more effort people put into a task, the more dissonance they feel when it is counter-attitudinal
    • -if a person recognizes his/her actions have hurt someone else, dissonance is increased
  86. Following up on Festinger's work, Aronson found that
    C DISSONANCE IS POSITIVELY RELATED TO THE EFFORT OF THE PERSON HAS INVESTED IN THE BEHAVIOR
  87. When a married couple both have equal power to make momentary decisions, they have a
    B SYMMETRICAL RELATIONSHIP
  88. If a partner tries to neutralize control in a communication exchange, he or she is using
    C. ONE-ACROSS COMMUNICATION
  89. Watzlawick believes that the ____________ is the most important element to any communication
    B. RELATIONAL COMPONENT
  90. The sudden insight that comes from looking at something in a new light is what Watzlawick calls
    C REFRAMING
  91. Relational dialectics states that relationships involve a series of
    B. CONTRADICTIONS
  92. Baxter and Montgomery use the designation _________ to describe an internal dialectic tension.
    A CONNECTEDNESS-SEPARATENESS
  93. A couple who constantly argues over not spending enough time together are likely having trouble managing
    C CONNECTEDNESS-SEPARATENESS
  94. Mary is bored by Tom's unwillingness to try new things and says that every Friday night they order pizza and watch a move. They are struggling to manage the internal dialectic tension called
    D. CERTAINTY-UNCERTAINTY
  95. A couple's religious tradition expects them to have children early in their marriage, but they are not sure if it is a good idea. They are dealing with the external dialectic tension named
    D. CONVENTIONALITY-UNIQUENESS
  96. In Baxter's discussion of dialogue as an aesthetic moment, she suggests that relationships, although filled with contrasting voices, can experience of dialogue by which of the following?
    • D ALL THE ABOVE
    • -having a talk that defines the relationship
    • -having a marriage renewal ceremony
    • -having rituals that honor conflicting voices
  97. The early computer-mediated communication theory called ________ suggested people will become more self-absorbed and less inhibited because CMC lacks clarity about interaction norms.
    D. LACK OF SOCIAL CUES THEORY
  98. Based on Walthers discussion about the exchange of information in a CMC format
    • D. ALL THE ABOVE
    • -Impressions are formed at a much slower rate because information exchange is slower
    • -Relationships that are developed through CMC are as likely to be strong and lasting as are those offline
    • -people will learn to adapt to the format of CMC and create fully-formed impressions of others
  99. According to Walther's study, warmth was communicated in CMC interactions through
    • D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
    • -self-disclosure
    • -praise
    • -explicit statements of affection
  100. When Walther compared 10 minutes of face-to-face conversation with 400 minutes of CMC what did he find?
    A. NO DIFFERENCE IN PARTNER AFFINITY
  101. The tendency for a person's expectations of others to evoke a response from them that confirms what he or she anticipated is called
    B SELF-FULFILLING PROPHECY
  102. The tacit collusion of family members to maintain the status quo is called
    A. FAMILY HOMEOSTASIS
  103. People can use cognitive dissonance in practical ways by
    • D ALL OF THE ABOVE
    • -not overplaying a reward punishment scheme and working to build trust
    • -offering enough encouragement to get the other person to step outside of normal patterns of thinking
    • -getting the other person to appreciate the consequences of behavior from others
  104. Critical theorists fault the cultural approach because interpretive scholars
    A REFUSE TO EVALUATE THE CUSTOMS THEY PORTRAY
  105. According to Griffin, Hall's most positive contribution to mass communication study is
    B HIS CONSTANT REMINDER THAT ITS FUTILE TO TALK ABOUT MEANING WITHOUT CONSIDERING POWER SIMULTANEOUSLY
  106. A goal of cognitive dissonance theory is to
    C EXPLAIN WHY PEOPLE CHANGE ATTITUDES WHEN THEY DO THINGS IN WHICH THEY DON'T BELIEVE
  107. When ethnographers talk about providing thick descriptions they refer to
    A. TRACKING EVOLVING MEANING
  108. The reason the face is important is because it is an extension of one's self-concept
    TRUE
  109. Divergence is a strategy by which a person adapts his or her communication behavior to become more similar to another person.
    FALSE
  110. The bases for muted group theory is the recognition that women's thoughts and words are devalued in society.
    TRUE
  111. Viewers will most likely be affected by stories that cover issues where people have high amounts of uncertainty about what to believe.
    FALSE
  112. The person who makes the final decision on what news actually considered "news is the gatekeeper.
    TRUE
  113. People living in individualistic cultures are more self-face oriented.
    TRUE
  114. Gerbner uses the term "mainstreaming" to describe the mechanism that affects heavy TV viewers who have already been victims of violence.
    FALSE
  115. Aristotle defined rhetoric as the discovery in each case of all "available means of persuasion"
    TRUE
  116. Fisher uses the term paradigm to describe the source of people's narratives.
    TRUE
  117. Ting-Toomey believes that the concept of face
    D. is a universal concern
  118. Giles views of communication accommodation theory as a/an
    C. theory of intergroup and intercultural communication
  119. The strategy people use to adapt communication behavior to become more similar to another person is called
    B. CONVERGENCE
  120. According to Tannen, the basis for male communication overall is to
    B. ACHIEVE STATUS
  121. Aristotle's belief that good speakers know when and how to use emotion in their remarks is represented in his discussion of
    C PATHOS
  122. An __________ is an incomplete version of a formal deductive syllogism.
    D. ENTHYMEME
  123. If a scholar focuses on the skillful use of a metaphor, she or he would be interested in
    B STYLE
  124. In intergenerational communication, when the elderly use age for a reason for not performing well it is called
    C SELF HANDICAPPING
  125. Fisher's counter to the assumption of the rational-world paradigm that the type of speaking situation determines the course of our argument is that
    C PEOPLE LOOK TO THEIR CULTURE TO DECIDE WHAT GOOD REASONS ARE
  126. Muted group theory claims that the biggest problem in communication is that the relationship between a symbol and its referent is arbitrary.
    D MEN HAVE PRIMARY CONTROL OF THE LANGUAGE SYSTEM IN TERMS OF DEFINITIONS
  127. Practical wisdom and shared values are part of ethos in that they enhance
    B. PERCEIVED INTELLIGENCE
  128. The biggest change in thinking offered offered by the narrative paradigm is the definition of
    A. WHO IS QUALIFIED TO ASSESS THE QUALITY OF COMMUNICATION
  129. Gerbner's focus is the TV' portrayal of __________.
    D. VIOLENCE
  130. The ____________ conflict strategy is high in its concern with other's face and low concern with self-face.
    C. OBLIGING
  131. The ____________ conflict strategy is high in concern for both self and other-face.
    C. INTEGRATING
  132. The ____________ conflict strategy is low in concern for other-face and high in self-face concern.
    D. DOMINATING
  133. The study of men's behavior related to storytelling shows that
    • D ALL OF THE ABOVE
    • -men tell more stories than women
    • -men often use humor in their stories in a "one-up" fashion
    • -men tell stories that often place them in the role of hero
  134. Tannen argues that her theory of genderlect is based on the idea that
    C MALE AND FEMALE CONVERSATION IS BEST UNDERSTOOD AS CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION
  135. ______________ is the mechanism that affects heavy TV viewers who have already been victims of violence.
    A RESONANCE
  136. An audience that believes a speaker has their best interest at heart is being persuaded by
    A GOODWILL
  137. The need for orientation arises from high needs for relevance and
    B. CERTAINTY
  138. There is a societal constraint that suggests that those with less power should _______ the communication practices of those with higher status.
    B ACCOMMODATE TO
  139. Critics of the communication accommodation theory state that
    • D. ALL OF THE ABOVE ARE CORRECT
    • -it is extremely complex
    • -it is falsifiable
  140. When considering men and women's speaking
    B WOMEN SPEAK MORE IN PRIVATE CONVERSATIONS THAN MEN
  141. Tannen states that differences between men and women in terms of selling a story are that
    C MEN ARE THE HEROES OF THEIR STORIES
  142. According to agenda-setting theory, the media make some attributes more salient through.
    B FRAMING
  143. McCombs and Shaw have changed the scope of their initial argument of agenda-setting theory to say that the media
    • D. ALL THE ABOVE ARE CORRECT
    • -tells us what to think about
    • -tells us what to think
    • -perhaps tells us what to do
  144. Aristotle refers to the speaker's credibility as a matter of
    B ETHOS
  145. Aristotle's belief that good speakers need to use logic and sound evidence forms his concept of
    A. LOGOS
  146. According to Tannen, the basis for female communication overall is to
    A. BUILD RELATIONSHIPS
  147. Understanding that things are not always what they seem is an essential part of
    C MINDFULNESS
  148. According to Ting-Toomey and Oetzel, which of the following would show an independent self image?
    A. "I TRIED NOT TO DEPEND ON OTHERS"
  149. Face negotiation theory is designed to explain
    C CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN RESPONSE TO CONFLICT
  150. The strategy of a person unconsciously using patronizing talk when meeting someone of another generation is called
    B OVERACCOMODATION
  151. Gerbner's findings demonstrate that heavy viewers are likely to
    • D. ALL OF THE ABOVE ARE CORRECT
    • -think that violent crime is more likely to happen to them than is actually the case
    • -believe that police officers draw their weapons more often than is the case
    • -have an increased distrust of other people in gerneral
  152. A person who has had a hostile interaction with a person from another group in the past, will tend to
    B ASCRIBE THAT OUTCOME TO THE OTHER PERSON'S SOCIAL IDENTITY
  153. Fisher describes a conceptual framework as
    A. A PARADIGM
  154. Fisher's term for describing how well a story hangs together is
    B NARRATIVE COHERENCE
  155. If a person tries to determine the merits of a story based on whether the actors acted consistently they would focus on
    C. NARRATIVE FIDELITY
  156. What is part of Fisher's "logic of good reasons"?
    • D ALL THE ABOVE ARE CORRECT
    • -the values embedded in the message
    • -the consequences of adhering to those values
    • -the relevance of those values to decisions made

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview