Poetry Vocab Test

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  1. alliteration
    the repetition of intial consonant sounds
  2. apostrophe
    rheortical device in which speaker breaks off to address an dead absent or imaginary person or inanimate object
  3. assonance
    partial rhyme in which accented vowel sounds correspond but consonants differ
  4. ballad
    narrative poem, often intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usally having recurrent refrain; often about a person
  5. euphony; euphonic
    pleasing or sweet sound; especially accoustic effect produced by words so formed or combined as to please ear
  6. cacophony; cacophonic
    jarring, discordant sound; dissonance; unharmonious language
  7. caesura
    pause in a line of verse dicated by natural speech rhythms rather than by metrics
  8. concrete poetry 
    poetry that visually conveys the poet's meaning through graphic arrangement of letters, words, or symbols on page
  9. confessional poetry
    form of poetry in which poet reveals vedry personal, intimate sometimes shocking info about them
  10. consonance
    repetition of similar consonant sounds without shared vowel sounds (the "k" sound in "chicken clucked quickly")
  11. couplet
    two lines of poetry with the same rhyme and meter, often expressing complete self-contained thought
  12. elegy
    kyric poem that laments death of person or people; often a mournful piece
  13. end rhyme
    "terminal rhyme" rhyming words occur at end of lines
  14. internal rhyme
    rhymes within lines, not just end
  15. enjabment
    running over of a sentence from one verse into another so that closely related words fall in different lines
  16. epigram
    concise poem dealing pointedly and often satrically with a single idea or event and often ending with an ingenious turn of thought
  17. epithalamium
    a song or poem in honor of a bride and bridegroom
  18. meter
    pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetic line
  19. free verse
    verse with no rhyme or meter
  20. blank verse
    verse with no rhyme but with meter usually iambic pentameter (shakespeare)
  21. foot
    basic unit of verse meter consisting of any of various fixed combinations or groups of stressed and unstressed or long and short syllables
  22. iamb
    metrical foot consisting of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable, like a heart beat (re-PORT) 
  23. trochee
    foot with one stressed syllable followed by one unstressed (PAT-tern) 
  24. dactyl
    foot with one stressed followed by two unstressed, like a waltz (SI-lent-ly)
  25. anapest
    foot with two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable ( un-der-TAKE)
  26. spondee
    foot with two equally accented syllables together (SHOE-SHINE)
  27. idyll
    simple descriptive work in poetry or prose that deals with rustic life or pastoral scenes, suggesting peace and contentment
  28. haiku
    japanese lyric verse from having three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables, usually about nature
  29. limerick
    light humorous or bawdy verse of five anapestic lines usually with rhyme scheme "aabba"
  30. lyric poem
    poem revealing poet's innermost thoughts and feelings
  31. madrigal
    short love poem which is often set to music
  32. narrative poem
    peom that tells a story, appeals to human interests 
  33. occasional verse
    verse related to/created for a special event
  34. ode
    lyric poem, usaully expressing exalted emotion on specific subject
  35. prosody
    patterns of stress and intonation in a language
  36. pure poetry
    poetry written without instructional intent or moral purpose that aims only to please reader by its imagery and musicality
  37. quatrain
    four line stanza
  38. rhyme scheme
    patterns of rhymes often indicated by matching letters at the end of lines
  39. scansion
    process/system of indicating stressed and unstressed syllables and pauses in poetry
  40. sestina
    poetry with a complicated verse structure of 6 line stanzas all with the same pairs of rhyme words appearing in a different oder in each stanza
  41. sonnet
    poem of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme 
  42. elizabethan or shakespearean sonnet
    sonnet of three quatrains and a final couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme "abab" "cdcd" "efef" "gg"
  43. spenserian sonnet
    sonnet composed of three quatrains and a couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme "abab" "bcbc" "cdcd" "ee"
  44. Italian or petrarchan sonnet
    sonnet containing an octave with the rhyme scheme "abbaabba" followed by a sestet with a rhyme scheme such as "cdecde" or    ." cdcdcd"
  45. stanza
    fixed number of lines forming a unit of a poem
  46. tercet
    three line stanza
  47. verse
    any composition in lines of more or less regular rhythm often (but not always) ending in rhymes 
  48. villanelle
    poem with five triplets and a final quatrain and a very complcated rhyme pattern
Card Set:
Poetry Vocab Test
2012-11-25 14:24:16
Poetry Vocab Test Mrs

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