flashcards exam 3.txt

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Marie
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185256
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flashcards exam 3.txt
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2012-11-26 12:22:18
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Week 11
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Exam 3 week 11
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  1. biological clock
    Cyclical nature of body functions; functions controlled from within the body are synchronized with environmental factors; same meaning as biorhythm. (Potter 1179)
  2. cataplexy
    Condition characterized by sudden muscular weakness and loss of muscle tone. (Potter 1179)
  3. circadian rhythm
    Repetition of certain physiological phenomena within a 24-hour cycle. (Potter 1179)
  4. clinical decision making
    A problem-solving approach that nurses use to define patient problems and select appropriate treatment. (Potter 1179)
  5. clinical inference
    a critical thinking skill in which you make tentative conclusions based on observed data or cues existing in patient situations (Potter 95)
  6. critical thinking
    "The active, purposeful, organized, cognitive process used to carefully examine one's thinking and the thinking of other individuals. (Potter 1180)"
  7. decision making
    "Process involving critical appraisal of information that results from recognition of a problem and ends with the generation, testing, and evaluation of a conclusion. Comes at the end of critical thinking. (Potter 1181)"
  8. diagnostic reasoning
    Process that enables an observer to assign meaning and to classify phenomena in clinical situations by integrating observations and critical thinking. (Potter 1181)
  9. excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
    "Extreme fatigue felt during the day. Signs of this include falling asleep at inappropriate times, such as while eating, talking, or driving. May indicate a sleep disorder. (Potter 1182)"
  10. hypnotics
    Class of drug that causes insensibility to pain and induces sleep. (Potter 1184)
  11. insomnia
    Condition characterized by chronic inability to sleep or remain asleep through the night. (Potter 1185)
  12. intuition
    The inner sensing that something is so. (Potter 1185)
  13. narcolepsy
    Syndrome involving sudden sleep attacks that a person cannot inhibit; uncontrollable desire to sleep may occur several times during a day. (Potter 1186)
  14. nocturia
    Urination at night; can be a symptom of renal disease or may occur in persons who drink excessive amounts of fluids before bedtime. (Potter 1187)
  15. nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep
    Sleep that occurs during the first four stages of normal sleep. (Potter 1187)
  16. nursing process
    "Systematic problem-solving method by which nurses individualize care for each patient. The five steps of the nursing process are assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. (Potter 1187)"
  17. problem solving
    "Methodical, systematic approach to explore conditions and develop solutions, including analysis of data, determination of causative factors, and selection of appropriate actions to reverse or eliminate the problem. (Potter 1189)"
  18. Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep
    Stage of sleep in which dreaming and rapid eye movements are prominent; important for mental restoration. (Potter 1189)
  19. reflection
    Process of thinking back or recalling an event to discover the meaning and purpose of that event. Useful in critical thinking. (Potter 1189)
  20. scientific method
    Codified sequence of steps used in the formulation, testing, evaluation, and reporting of scientific ideas. (Potter 1190)
  21. sedatives
    "Medications that produce a calming effect by decreasing functional activity, diminishing irritability, and allaying excitement. (Potter 1190)"
  22. sleep
    "State marked by reduced consciousness, diminished activity of the skeletal muscles, and depressed metabolism. (Potter 1191)"
  23. sleep apnea
    Cessation of breathing for a time during sleep. (Potter 1191)
  24. sleep deprivation
    "Condition resulting from a decrease in the amount, quality, and consistency of sleep. (Potter 1191)"
  25. barbiturates
    A class of drugs that are chemical derivatives of barbituric acid. They can induce sedation and sleep. (al 196)
  26. benzodiazepines
    A chemical category of drugs most frequently prescribed as sedative-hypnotic and anxiolytic drugs. (al 196)
  27. gamma-aminobutyric acid
    An inhibitory neurotransmitter found in the brain. (al 196)
  28. rem interference
    A drug-induced reduction of REM sleep time. (al 196)
  29. rem rebound
    Excessive REM sleep following discontinuation of a sleep-altering drug. (al 196)
  30. sedatives
    "Drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree that they reduce nervousness, excitability, and irritability without causing sleep. (al 196)"
  31. sedatives-hypnotics
    Drugs that can act in the body either as sedatives or as hypnotics. (al 196)
  32. sleep architecture
    "The structure of the various elements involved in the sleep cycle, including normal and abnormal patterns of sleep. (al 196)"

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