Article 1 - National Territory
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Other areas included in the Philippine Archipelago(5)
- -The territorial sea
- -The seabed/seafloor/sea bottom
- -The subsoil
- -Insular shelves/Continental Shelves
- -Other submarine areas
The inland or internal waters and the territorial sea together
The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial, and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The water around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago,regardless of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines.
derived from the Greek word "pelagos" meaning, sea. It is a sea or part of a sea studded with islands, often synonymous with island group, or as a large group of islands in an extensive body of water, such as sea.
-They are the parts of the sea within the land territory.-They are considered in the same light as rivers, canals, and lakes within the land territory of a state.-They are sometimes called "national waters."
It is that part of the sea extending 12 nautical miles(19 kms) from the low-watermark. It is also called the "marginal sea," the "marginal belt," or the "marine belt."
The Territorial Sea
They are submerged portions of a continent or offshore island , which slope gently seaward from the low waterline to a point where a substantial break in grade occurs, at which point the bottom slopes seaward at a considerable increase in slope until the great ocean depths are reached.
They are waters that lie seaward of the territorial sea.
They refer to all areas under the territorial sea.
Other Submarine Areas
It is the belt of water outside and parallel to the coastline or to the outer limits of the inland or internal waters.
National Territory of the Philippines comprises(4):
- -The Philippine Archipelago with all the islands and waters embraced therein.
- -All other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction.
- -The terrestrial, fluvial, and aerial domains including the territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas thereof.
- -The internal waters.
other submarine areas(8)
- -sea mount
Three-fold Division of Navigable Waters
- -Inland/Internal Waters
- -Territorial Sea(supra.)
- -High/Open Seas
Necessity of Constitutional Provision on National Territory(3)
- -Binding force of such provision under international law.
- -Value of provision defining our national territory.
- -Acquisition of other territories
This refers to the land that holds the sea, lying beyond the seashore, including mineral and natural resources.
The seabed/seafloor/sea bottom
This refers to everything beneath the surface soil and the seabed, including mineral and natural resources.
This concept is meant that an archipelago shall be regarded as a single unit, so that the waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, irrespective of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the state, subject to its exclusive sovereignty.
Archipelagic Concept/Archipelago Doctrine
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