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A citizen of a country who is residing in or passing through another country.
Rules that govern citizenship by birth(2)
- -Jus sanguinis
- -Jus soli/Jus loci
A person having the title of citizenship.
the act of formally adopting a foreigner into the political body of the state and clothing him with the rights and privileges of citizenship.
Citizen by birth.
blood relationship is the basis for the acquisition under this rule. the children follows the citizenship of their parents.
Refers to the continued allegiance of naturalized nationals to their mother country even after they have acquired Filipino Citizenship.
Kinds of Citizens(4)
- -Natural-born citizens
- -Citizens at the time of the adoption of the new Constitution
- -Citizens through election
- -Naturalized citizens
A citizen is a member of a democratic community who enjoys full civil and political rights.
Refers to the possession of two citizenships, that of his original citizenship and that of the country where he became a naturalized citizen.
Natural-born citizens are those who are citizens of the Philippines from birth without having to perform any act to acquire or perfect their Philippine citizenship. Those who elect Philippine citizenship in accordance with paragraph (3), Section 1 hereof shall be deemed natural-born citizens.
The following are citizens of the Philippines: Those who are citizens of the Philippines at the time of the adoption of this Constitution. Those whose fathers or mothers are citizens of the Philippines. Those born before January 17, 1973, of Filipino mothers, who elect Philippine citizenship upon reaching the age of majority. Those who are naturalized in accordance with law.
Citizen by non-collective naturalization.
Duties and obligations of citizens(8)
- -To be loyal to the Republic
- -To love and defend the country
- -To contribute to the development and welfare of the State.
- -To uphold the Constitution and obey the laws.
- -To cooperate with duly constituted authorities.
- -To exercise rights responsibly and with due regard for the rights of others.
- -To engage in gainful work.
- -To register and vote.
Term denoting membership of a citizen in a political society, which membership implies, reciprocally, a duty of allegiance on the part of the member and duty of protection on the part of the State
Ways of acquiring Citizenship by Naturalization(3)
- -By judgment of the court
- -By direct act of Congress
- -By administrative proceedings
The voluntary loss or renunciation of one's nationality.
Citizens of the Philippines who marry aliens shall retain their citizenship, unless by their act or omission, they are deemed, under the law, to have renounced it.
place of birth serves as the basis for acquiring citizenship under this rule.
Jus soli/ Jus loci
General ways of acquiring citizenship(2)
-Involuntary Method-Voluntary Method
Dual allegiance of citizens is inimical to the national interest and shall be dealt with by law.
the process of returning a person back to one's place of origin or citizenship. It is effected by merely taking the necessary oath of allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines and registering the same in the proper civil registry.
hilippine citizenship may be lost or reacquired in the manner provided by law.
Loss of Citizenship(2)