AP Euro Ch. 11 IDs

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  1. Modern Devotion
    • Also known as the Brothers of the Common life, a kind of boarding school for reform-minded laity. 
    • They practiced a lay religious life of prayer and study without surrendering the world. 
  2. The Protestant Reformation
    • Broke out first in the free imperial cities of Germany and Switzerland. 
    • After just a short time, many people adopted a simplified religious practice. 
    • A more "purified" religion. 
  3. Peasants Revolt in 1524-1525
    • Peasants started to revolt, invoking Luther's name. Luther then condemned them as "un-christian" and urged the princes to crush the revolt mercilessly. 
    • By the time it had been suppressed 70,000-100,000 peasants had died. 
  4. Diet of Worms
    • Luther presented his views to Charles V. 
    • He was ordered to recant and Luther said to do so, would be against the scripture. 
  5. The Peace of Augsburg
    • After realizing the Reformation was too entrenched to be ended by brute force, they tried to make peace.
    • This decleration made the division of Christendom permanent. 
    • Cuius regio, eius religio. 
    • Ruler of a land would determine that region's religion. 
  6. The Act of Supremacy
    • Declared Henry "the only supreme head in earth of the Church of England." 
    • When Thomas more and John Fisher refused to recognize this, Henry VIII had them executed. 
  7. The Council of Trent 
    • Emperor Charles V forced Pope Paul III to call a general council to the church to ressert church doctrine. 
    • Met in the imperial city of Trent. 
    • Made up of three sessions, spread over eighteen years, with interuptions due to war, plague, and imperial and papal politics. 
    • Parish life revived under a devout and better clergy. 
  8. The Jesuits
    • Organized by Ignatius of Loyola in 1530s, church recognized them in 1540. 
    • Intended to teach good Catholics to deny themselves and submit to church. 
  9. Miguel de Cervantes
    • Generally acknowledged as Spain's greatest writer. 
    • He educated himself by wide reading in popular literature and immersion in the "school of life." 
    • When he was younger he worked in Rome for a Spanish Cardinal. 
    • He started to write Don Quixote in prison.
  10. Edward VI
    • He was Henry VIII's son and successor, he was only ten years old. 
    • He reigned under rregencies of Edward Seymour, who then became duke of Somerset. 
    • The new king and Somerset corresponded directly with John Calvin. During this time, England enacted Protestant Reformation. 
    • He died in his early teens. 
  11. Henry VIII
    • By 1527, Catherine and this king had produced only one surviving child, a daughter, Mary. 
    • He started to believe god had cursed him to not have a son.
    • He finally had a son with Jane Seymour, who then died after giving birth. 
    • He married a total of 6 wives. 
  12. Martin Luther
    • Justification by Faith Alone
    • He became a dedicated monk, he made this decision after a lightning storm threatened his life, and he survived. 
    • He hated the "righteousness of God" because it demanded impossible perfection. 
    • He attacked the selling of indulgences and started the Protesetant Reformation. 
  13. John Calvin
    He was the namesake of Calvinism. 
  14. Emperor Charles V
    • Emperor of HRE and the King of Spain. 
    • He was part of the Habsburg imperial rule. 
  15. William Shakespeare
    • Greatest playwright in the English language. 
    • He was an actor, playwright, and part owner of a theater. 
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AP Euro Ch. 11 IDs
2012-11-26 04:32:06
AP Euro History

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