AP Euro Ch. 11 IDs
Card Set Information
AP Euro Ch. 11 IDs
AP Euro History
Also known as the Brothers of the Common life, a kind of boarding school for reform-minded laity.
They practiced a lay religious life of prayer and study without surrendering the world.
The Protestant Reformation
Broke out first in the free imperial cities of Germany and Switzerland.
After just a short time, many people adopted a simplified religious practice.
A more "purified" religion.
Peasants Revolt in 1524-1525
Peasants started to revolt, invoking Luther's name. Luther then condemned them as "un-christian" and urged the princes to crush the revolt mercilessly.
By the time it had been suppressed 70,000-100,000 peasants had died.
Diet of Worms
Luther presented his views to Charles V.
He was ordered to recant and Luther said to do so, would be against the scripture.
The Peace of Augsburg
After realizing the Reformation was too entrenched to be ended by brute force, they tried to make peace.
This decleration made the division of Christendom permanent.
Cuius regio, eius religio.
Ruler of a land would determine that region's religion.
The Act of Supremacy
Declared Henry "the only supreme head in earth of the Church of England."
When Thomas more and John Fisher refused to recognize this, Henry VIII had them executed.
The Council of Trent
Emperor Charles V forced Pope Paul III to call a general council to the church to ressert church doctrine.
Met in the imperial city of Trent.
Made up of three sessions, spread over eighteen years, with interuptions due to war, plague, and imperial and papal politics.
Parish life revived under a devout and better clergy.
Organized by Ignatius of Loyola in 1530s, church recognized them in 1540.
Intended to teach good Catholics to deny themselves and submit to church.
Miguel de Cervantes
Generally acknowledged as Spain's greatest writer.
He educated himself by wide reading in popular literature and immersion in the "school of life."
When he was younger he worked in Rome for a Spanish Cardinal.
He started to write Don Quixote in prison.
He was Henry VIII's son and successor, he was only ten years old.
He reigned under rregencies of Edward Seymour, who then became duke of Somerset.
The new king and Somerset corresponded directly with John Calvin. During this time, England enacted Protestant Reformation.
He died in his early teens.
By 1527, Catherine and this king had produced only one surviving child, a daughter, Mary.
He started to believe god had cursed him to not have a son.
He finally had a son with Jane Seymour, who then died after giving birth.
He married a total of 6 wives.
Justification by Faith Alone
He became a dedicated monk, he made this decision after a lightning storm threatened his life, and he survived.
He hated the "righteousness of God" because it demanded impossible perfection.
He attacked the selling of indulgences and started the Protesetant Reformation.
He was the namesake of Calvinism.
Emperor Charles V
Emperor of HRE and the King of Spain.
He was part of the Habsburg imperial rule.
Greatest playwright in the English language.
He was an actor, playwright, and part owner of a theater.