Sped Medical Terms

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Author:
juliafritz
ID:
18538
Filename:
Sped Medical Terms
Updated:
2010-05-26 00:08:46
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special education medical education NPBTS
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NBPTS exam study cards
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  1. What is hemotology?
    medical speciality in blood disorders
  2. What does hemo mean?
    blood
  3. What does hypo mean?
    low
  4. What does hyper mean?
    high
  5. What does cephalic mean?
    the head
  6. What is macrocephaly?
    abnormal largeness of the head
  7. What is microcephaly?
    small head more than 2 SD below the average size
  8. What is CSF?
    Cerebrospinal Fluid
  9. What is hydrocephalus?
    • water/CSF putting pressure on the brain
    • causes enlarged head
  10. How can CSF pressure be relieved? Why should it be relieved?
    • It can relieve pressure sugically with a shunt (tube)
    • The shunt drains fluid away from the brain/head
    • without the shunt, severe brain damage may happen
  11. what is hypoxia?
    • reduction in oxygen
    • how much is in body tissues
  12. What is diabetes?
    • disorder that impairs the body to use sugar
    • carbohydrate metabolism problem
  13. What is type 1 or type 2 diabetes? Which type of glycemic problem is it?
    • type 1 and 2 diabetes are hyperglycemic (high sugar not processed by the body's insulin)
    • type 1 is diagnosed in early in life...childhood
    • type 2 is diagnosed later in life
  14. What is hyperglycimic?
    • high sugar and startches are supposed to break down the blood cells
    • this is called glucose which is used for making energy
    • insulin is what changes the sugar and starches into glucose in our blood cells, but some people's bodies either ignore the insulin in the body or the body doesn't make enough of it.

    • That means insulin builds up in the blood and doesn't transfer to blood cells like its supposed to
    • Treatment - give insulin shot!
  15. What is hypoglycemia?
    • low blood sugar
    • give this kid sugar

    Immediate Treatment Options:3 or 4 glucose tablets 1 serving of glucose gel—the amount equal to 15 grams of carbohydrate 1/2 cup, or 4 ounces, of any fruit juice 1/2 cup, or 4 ounces, of a regular—not diet—soft drink 1 cup, or 8 ounces, of milk 5 or 6 pieces of hard candy 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey
  16. What is hypocalcemia?
    abnormal low levels of calcium in blood
  17. what is anoxia?
    deprived of oxygen
  18. What does CBC mean?
    complete blood count
  19. what is aspiration?
    suctioning fluid or material from the body
  20. what does congenital mean?
    happens at birth
  21. what is neonatal?
    • neo = new
    • period of first 30 days of life
  22. what is prenatal?
    • pre=before
    • before birth
  23. what is postnatal?
    • post=after
    • after birth
  24. What is contracture?
    permanent loss of mobility in the joint
  25. what is diplegia?
    • partial paralysis
    • mostly lower extremities than upper
  26. what is paraplegia?
    • paralysis of legs and lower part of the body
    • both motion and sensation are effected
  27. what is monoplegia?
    • type of CP
    • only 1 limb affected
  28. what is paresis?
    partial paralysis or weakness
  29. what is quadriplegia?
    paralysis of all 4 limbs
  30. what is quadruplegia?
    a type of CP which involves the whole body
  31. what is hemiplegia?
    partial paralysis of one side of the body
  32. What is a reflex?
    • involuntary
    • automatic response to stimulus
  33. What is tonic neck reflex?
    • when turning the head causes one arm to straighten and stiff
    • and the other other arm to bend and stiffen
  34. what is athetosis?
    • random, involuntary movements of the limbs
    • usually jerking and writhing
  35. What is clonic?
    spasm in which rigidity and relaxation alternate in rapid patterns
  36. What is planter flexion?
    pointing the foot downward, prone, lying on the stomach
  37. what is abbuction?
    movement of limbs towards the midline of the body
  38. what is prone?
    lying on the stomach
  39. What is supine?
    lying on the back
  40. What is ante?
    • before
    • remember the ant's antennae
  41. What is post?
    after
  42. What is spastic?
    • stiff muscles
    • difficult to move
    • increased muscle tone
  43. What is locomotion?
    movement from one place to another
  44. What is laterality?
    internal awareness of left and right sides of the body
  45. What is directionality?
    ability to decide if things are up/down or, on the left/right
  46. What is spatial orientation?
    • understanding space around a person
    • in terms of distance, direction, position and form
  47. What is aura?
    • the feeling or sensation that sometimes occurs before a seizure (like a hint)
    • often its a smell, taste, or feeling
  48. What is a seizure?
    • a group of brain cells become overactive attack the brain
    • can be in multiple areas in the brain
    • causes disharmony in the brain
  49. What is gran mal?
    • epileptic seizure
    • severe and widespread
    • loss of awareness for long time
  50. What is petit mal?
    • epileptic seizure
    • some dizziness, blackout, staring into space
    • some automatic function happens but person doesn't remember it

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