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2012-11-26 19:12:46
European American Imperialism

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  1. Define: Imperialism
    • "Empire"
    • Policy in which stronger nations use their economic, political, or military power to:  Influence other countries
    • Dominate other countries
  2. Why Imperialism?
    • Military strength(need to keep up financially with other countries)
    • New Markets
    • New Resources
    • Belief in cultural superiority
  3. European Imperialism
    • Africa divided by Euro. powers
    • Sun never set on the English Empire
  4. Alfred T. Mahan
    • Sea Power is the key to being a powerful nation.
    • U.S. Navy went from #13 to #3 largest
  5. Seward's Folly
    • (Empire)
    • Secretary of State William Seward convinced the U.S. to buy Alaska from the Russians
    • $7.2 Million
    • Some people said it was a silly idea
  6. Spanish American War (Causes)
    • The Cuban Rebellion
    • Yellow Journalism
    • U.S.S. Maine explodes
    • De Lome Letter
  7. The Spanish American War
    • "A splendid little war"
    • Philippines- Naval battle destroyed Spanish Navy in the Philippines
    • Cuba and Puerto Rico- Rough riders (Teddy Roosevelt) and U.S. troops quickly (2 months) defeat Spainsh troops
  8. Dollar Diplomacy
    • President Taft
    • "Substitute dollars for bullets"
    • The use of a country's financial power to extend its international influence
  9. After The War (Treaty of Paris) Philippines
    • U.S. decides to take control of the islands and "educate and uplift" the Filipino people
    • Fight against Filipino's independence
  10. After The War (Treaty of Paris) Cuba
    • Spain set Cuba free
    • Teller Amendment: U.S. promises not to take over Cuba
    • Platte Amendment: U.S. had the right to intervene in Cuba if it needs to
    • U.S. gains Puerto Rico and Guam
  11. Summary of  U.S. Policy
    • Eco. growth depends on exports
    • U.S. had the right to intervene in other countries to keep markets open
    • Closing of areas to U.S. products threatened the U.S
  12. Open Door Notes
    • Letters sent by the U.S. to world leaders
    • Proposed nations share trading rights to China thus creating an "Open Door"
    • This made the other countries allow the U.S. to trade in China
  13. Boxer Rebellion
    • China was independent but dominated by outside countries
    • Some Chinese citizens rebelled and killed 100's of foreigners
    • U.S. and European countries sent in soldiers to put down the rebellion
    • Called Boxer Rebellion because the Chines used martial arts
  14. Panama Canal
    • U.S. needed a shorter route from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean
    • Helped Panama gain independence from Columbia
    • Took 10 years to build
    • Cost $336 million
  15. Theodore Roosevelt
    • Roosevelt Corollary
    • "Speak softly and carry a big stick"
    • Great White Fleet
  16. Roosevelt Corollary
    • President Roosevelt
    • Corollary= extension of a previously accepted idea
    • Extension to the Monroe Doctrine
    • U.S. wanted stable, orderly, prosperous neighbors
    • U.S. had the power and will to do what is needed to acheive this
  17. Banana Republic
    • Central Ame. countries main eco. activity was fruit exports
    • Most plantation owned by U.S. Corporations
    • Main costumer was U.S.
    • U.S. economically controlled these countries