BIO 115 FALL 2012 Exam 5

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makeartnotwar89
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BIO 115 FALL 2012 Exam 5
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2012-12-03 16:59:13
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BIO 115 FALL 2012 Exam
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BIO 115 FALL 2012 Exam 5
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  1. Respiratory system is a ___ exchange and works with the ___ system
    • gas
    • cardiovascular
  2. Upper respiratory system consists of... (4)
    • nasal cavity
    • phlarynx
    • Glottis
    • larynx
  3. lower respiratory consists of... (5)
    • trachea
    • bronchus
    • bronchioles
    • lung
    • diaphragm
  4. the diaphragm is a ___ muscle
    skeletal
  5. The respiratory tract has... (3)
    • nasal hairs
    • cilia
    • mucus
  6. ___ in the mucus help kill bacteria
    lysozyme
  7. Mucociliary escalator in your ___ pushes muchus up and out the throat
    trachea
  8. the ___ is the only external portion of the respiratory system.
    nose
  9. Nasal conchae has 3 parts ___, ___, and ___.
    • superior
    • middle
    • inferior
  10. Pharynx has 3 parts ___pharynx, ___pharynx, and ___pharynx.
    • naso
    • oro
    • laryngo
  11. The ___ is the throat
    pharynx
  12. The pharynx connects the nasal and oral cavities to the ___
    larynx
  13. ___ provide the primary lymphatic tissue defense for breathing
    tonsils
  14. The ___ is the voice box.  The ___ is the windpipe, it has mucosal lining that has pseudostratified ciliated columnar
    • larynx
    • trachea
  15. The trachea divides into the left and right ___ bronchi.  These branch into ___ bronchi ___ in the right lung ___ in the left lung.  These then branch into ___ bronchi.
    • primary
    • secondary
    • 3
    • 2
    • tertiary
  16. ___ are the smallest conducting airways.
    bronchioles
  17. Each lung lobe is divided into ___ and each lobule has a ___ that serves many ___.
    • lobules
    • bronchiole
    • alveoli
  18. ___ is double layered serious membrane.
    pleurae
  19. the ___ has alveolar sacs made of simple ___ ___
    • alveoli
    • squamous epithelium
  20. respiratory membrane is extremely ___ and ___
    • thin
    • composed
  21. ___ is the manner in which air enters and exits the lungs
    ventilation
  22. a continuous column of air extends from the ___ to the alveoli of the lungs.
    pharynx
  23. ventilation has two processes ___ and ___
    • inspiration
    • expiration
  24. Inspiration is the ___ phase.  During this the ___ contracts, flattens, and moves down.  The ___ cavity volume increases, causing the lungs to increase in volume.
    • active
    • diaphragm
    • thoracic
  25. Experation is the ___ phase.  The diaphragm is ___ and goes back to the dome shape.
    • passive
    • relaxed
  26. ___ records the volume of air exchange during breathing.
    spirometer
  27. control of ventilation is from the ___ ___ and ___
    • medulla oblongata
    • pons
  28. ___ respiration exchanges gases in the ___ between the air in the ___ and the blood in the ___ ___.
    • external
    • lungs
    • alveoli
    • pulminary capillaries
  29. IN EXTERNAL RESOIRATION:
    Oxygen is higher concentration in the ___.  Alveoli to ___.

    Carbon Dioxide is higher concentration in the the ___.  Blood to ___ ___ to alveoli.
    • alveoli
    • blood

    • Blood
    • pulminary capillaries
  30. Internal respiration is exchange of gases in the ___.  Between the blood in ___ capillaries and ___ fluids.
    • tissues
    • systemic
    • tissue
  31. IN INTERNAL RESPIRATION:
    Oxygen higher concentration in the ___. Blood to tissue fluid.

    Carbon Dioxide higher concentration in the ___ fluid.  Tissue fluid to blood.
    • blood
    • tissue
  32. oxygen is transported by ___ in the ___ blood cells.

    when blood cell has oxygen it is called ___.

    when blood cell is without oxygen it is called ___.
    • hemoglobin
    • red
    • oxyhemoglobin
    • deoxyhemoglobin
  33. 5 types of upper respiratory tract infections.
    • strep throat
    • sinusitis
    • otitis media
    • tonsillitis
    • laryngitis
  34. Carbon Dioxide Transport:
    ___% red blood cells cytoplasm
    ___% carbaminohemoglobin
    ___% bicarbonate ions (negative)
    • 10
    • 30
    • 60
  35. 3 lower respiratory infections
    • bronchitis
    • pneumonia
    • tuberculosis
  36. COPD stands for ___. It is a form of ___ ___ disorder.  Its two types are ___ and ___.
    • Cronic Obstructive Pulminary Disorder
    • obstructive pulminary
    • chronic bronchitis
    • emphysema
  37. ___ is acute obstructive pulminary disorder.
    astma
  38. the 46 chromosomes that we have are called the ___ number.  the 23 chromosome pairs we have are called the ___ number.
    • diploid
    • haploid
  39. ___ is a type of cell division that is the ___ division of chromosomes.
    • meiosis
    • reduction
  40. meiosis has 2 sets ___ and ___.  Both have 4 stages: ___, ___, ___, and ___.
    • meiosis I
    • meiosis II
    • prophase
    • metaphase
    • anaphase
    • telophase
  41. Stages after Mitosis:
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.

    In the 5th stage ___ live for males, and ___ live for females.
    • primary cell (92 chromosomes 46 pairs)
    • meiosis I
    • secondary cell (46 chromosomes 23 pairs)
    • meiosis II
    • 4 sperm/ova with 23 chromosomes each
  42. The scrotum holds the ___ (singular), which produces sperm.

    The ___ connects the testis to the ___ ___ which is a long tube that holds the mature sperm.

    The vas deferens connects to the ___ ___ to form the ejaculatory duct.  The ejaculatory duct passes through the ___ gland.

    The tube from the bladder and from the ejaculatory duct connect and deposite their products from the ___.

    The ___ tube comes out the head of the penis.
    • testis
    • epididymis
    • vas deferens
    • seminal vesicle
    • prostate
    • urethra
    • urethra
  43. Interstital cells or ___ produce ___ which are male sex hormones.
    • legdigs
    • androgens
  44. ___ produce sperm through the process of ___.  They have two types of cells ___ and ___.
    • spermatogenesis
    • meiosis
    • germ
    • sustentacular
  45. ___ mature into spermatoza.  They have 3 distinct parts:
    Head - covered by ___
    middle piece - contains ___
    ___ - provides motility

    Sperm survives ___ hours outside the male body.
    • spermatids
    • acrosome
    • mitochondria
    • tail
    • 48
  46. The seminal vesicles secrete and alkaline fluid that contains ___ and ___.
    • fructose
    • prostaglandins
  47. The prostate encircles the ___.  it secretes a fluid that helps adjust the ___ of seminal fluid and enhances the ___ of sperm.
    • urethra
    • pH
    • mobility
  48. ___ glands secrete a mucus like fluid that ___ the end of the penis and ___ urine.
    • bulbourethral
    • lubricates
    • neutralizes
  49. The two male external genitals are the ___ and ___.
    • penis
    • scrotum
  50. Orgasim in males is marked by ___.  two steps:
    1.
    2.
    • ejaculation
    • emission
    • expulsion
  51. the corpus ___ holds the urethra.
    spongiosum
  52. The two parts of the brain inmales and females that regulate the hormone levels are the ___ and ___ ___.
    • hypothalamas
    • anterior pituitary
  53. Female reproductive system:

    The two flods on the outside covered in hair are called ___ ___.  Inside these there is one fold called ___ ___.  These lead to the ___ ___, it is right under the urethra and is where intercourse occurs.  This leads to the ___ and then the ___ (which has thick walls and is slanted).
    • labium majora
    • labium minora
    • vaginal orifice
    • cervix
    • uterus
  54. The ___ lies on either side of the uterus.  they are held in place by several ___.  The ___ contain an  immature ovum (___) called an ___.
    • overy
    • ligaments
    • follicles
    • egg
    • oocyte
  55. The ___ ___ is a follicle that has lost it's egg and produces hormones in the female.
    corpus luteum
  56. Oogenesis is the production of an ___, it includes the process of ___.

    Primary oocyte divides and produces two cells ___ ___ and ___ ___ ( the ___ ___ die).

    The ___ ___ enters the uterine tube, if fertilization occurs Meiosis ___ will begin and a ___ will form.
    • ovum
    • meiosis
    • secondary oocytes
    • polar body
    • polar body
    • secondary oocytes
    • II
    • zygote
  57. Uterine tubes or ___ ___.

    ___ sweep over the ovary at the time of ___.

    Fertilization normally occurs in the upper ___ of the uterine tube.

    An ___ pregnancy is when the embryo becomes imbedded in the wall of a uterine tube.
    • fallopian tubes
    • fimbriae
    • ovulation
    • 1/3
    • ectopic
  58. ___:
    thick-walled, muscular organ. Three sections fundus, body, and cervix.

    ___:
    tube that serves as birth canal and facilitates intercourse.

    The ___ is the inner lining of the uterous.
    • Uterus
    • Vagina
    • Endometrium
  59. the ___ is all the outside female structures combined.
    vulva
  60. ___ is when the menstral cycle ceases.
    menopause

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