Ch. 46 Pain Management

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Ch. 46 Pain Management
2012-11-26 21:34:50

pain management
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  1. Acute pain
    pain that lasts only through the expected recovery period
  2. Allodynia
    nonpainful stimuli that produces pain
  3. Agonist analgesic
    pure opioid drugs that provide maximum pain inhibition
  4. Agonist-antagonist analygesic
    can act like opioids and relieve pain when given to patient who has not taken any pure opioids
  5. Cancer pain
    pain associated with the diseae, treatment, or other factor associated with cancer
  6. Central neuropathic pain
    results from malfunctioning nerves in the central nervous system (spinal cord injury pain)
  7. Chronic pain
    prolonged, usually recurring or lasting more than 3 months, interferes with functioning
  8. Coanalgesic
    not classified as a pain medication but may reduce pain alone or in combination with other analgesics; may potentiate the effects of pain medications
  9. Dysesthesia
    unpleasant, abnormal sensation that can be either spontaneous or evoked
  10. Effleurage
    type of massage consisting of long, slow, gliding strokes
  11. Equianalgesia
    refers to relative potency of various opioid analgesics compared to a standard dose of parenteral morphine
  12. Fifth vital sign
    pain assessment
  13. Hyperalgesia
    increased sensation of pain in response to a normally painful stimuli
  14. Hyperpathia
  15. Mild pain
    1-3 on a 0-10 scale
  16. Moderate pain
    rated 4-6 on a 0-10 scale
  17. Nerve block
    chemical interruption of a nerve pathway, effected by injecting a local anesthetic into the nerve
  18. Neuropathic pain
    pain that is related to damaged or malfunctioning nervous tissue
  19. Nociception
    physiological processes related to pain perception
  20. Nociceptive pain
    experienced when an intact, properly functioning nervous system sends signals that tissues are damaged
  21. Nociceptors
    specialized pain receptors
  22. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)
    a nonopioid pain medication that has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic effects
  23. Pain
    an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage
  24. Pain management
    alleviation of pain or reduction in pain to a level of comfort that is acceptable to the patient
  25. Pain threshold
    least amount of stimuli necessary for a person to label a sensation as pain
  26. Pain tolerance
    the most pain an individual is willing or able to bear before taking evasive action
  27. Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA)
    interactive method of pain management that permits patient to treat their pain by self-administering doses of analgesics
  28. Peripheral neuropathic pain
    phantom limb pain
  29. Placebo
    any medication that produces effect in a patient resulting in implicit or explicit intent, not from its physical or chemical properties
  30. Preemptive analgesia
    administration of analgesia before surgery to decrease or relieve pain after surgery
  31. Pseudoaddiction
    condition that results from the undertreatment of pain where the patient may become hyper-focused on obtaining medication
  32. Referred pain
    pain that is felt in a site other than the location of its origin
  33. Severe pain
    described as 7-10 on a scale of 0-10
  34. Somatic pain
    originates in skin, muscles, bone, or connective tissue
  35. Sympathetically maintained pain
    may occur with abnormal connections between pain fibers and the sympathetic nervous system perpetuate problems with pain and SNS functions
  36. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
    method of applying electrical stimulation directly over identified pain areas; stimulation through to block transmission of nociceptive impulse
  37. Visceral pain
    pain arising from organs