Nutrition Final Package

Card Set Information

Author:
janet_0923
ID:
185535
Filename:
Nutrition Final Package
Updated:
2012-12-07 02:18:04
Tags:
Nutrition
Folders:

Description:
Nutrition
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user janet_0923 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. (B1) Thiamin's Function
    coenzyme involved in CHO metabolism
  2. What are based on caloric intake?
    B1, B2, and B3 requirements
  3. Vitamins that are unstable in alkali and light are____
    • Vitamin B1
    • Vitamin B2
    • Vitamin C
  4. Function of B2 (Riboflavin)
    coenzyme invloved in CHO and fatty acid metabolism
  5. Food Sources of B2
    milk and dairy (yogurt, cheese, milk) are the best sources
  6. Deficiency of Vitamin B2
    • Cheilosis
    • Glossitis
  7. Cracks in the corner of mouth and inflammation of the lips
    Cheilosis
  8. Tongue becomes smooth and changes color
    Glossitis
  9. Precursor of B3 (Niacin)
    Tryptophan
  10. What Vitamins are needed to make conversion from Tryptophan to Niacin (B3) ?
    • Vitamin B1
    • Vitamin B2
    • Vitamin B3
    • Vitamin B6
  11. Food Sources that are high in tryptophan but low in niacin (B3)
    milk and eggs
  12. Defficiency of Niacin (B3)
    Dermatitis
  13. Deficiency of B2 and B3 = skin changes
    Especially around           
    • Neck (B3)
    • Mouth (B2)
    • Hand (B3)
  14. 1-2g niacin 3x/day may decrease
    Blood Chelestrol Level
  15. What is involved in energy metabolism of protein, carbohydrates, and fat ?
    • B1
    • B2
    • B3
    • B5
    • Biotin
  16. What are involved in energy metabolism ?
    B1, B2, B3, B5, Biotin
  17. enriched grain products include
    • Thiamin (B1)
    • Riboflavin (B2)
    • Niacin (B3)
    • Iron
    • Folacin
  18. Nutrients demands during lactation are greater than
    during pregnancy
  19. Advantages of Breast Feeding
    • decreased protein content in human milk in comparison to cow's milk which decrease renal solute load
    • Lipases in human milk are superior
    • decrease risk of breast cancer for the mom
  20. Lipases in human milk are superior
  21. decreased protein content in human milk in comparison to cow's milk which decrease renal solute load
  22. Breast Feeding decrease the risk of Breast Cancer
  23. When to introduce solid food ?
    b/w 4 and 6 months
  24. Snacks must be nutrient dense so they can improve the nutritional status of pre-schooler through adolescence
  25. increase TV = increase obesity
  26. if kcal intake > kcal output during childhood, then the number of fat cells increase
    if kcal intake > kcal output during adulthood, then the size of fat cells increase
  27. if kcal intake > kcal output during           , then the           of fat cells increase
    • 1) Childhood      number
    • 2) Adulthood      size
  28. ideal fiber per day
    20 - 35 g fiber per day
  29. too much fiber resulting
    decreased nutrient absorption
  30. human don't have the enzyme to break fiber/cellulose down
    so it is not absorbed
  31. 2 types of fiber
    • insoluble fiber
    • soluble fiber
  32. goal fiber per day
    at least 3g per 100 calories from CHO food
  33. sugar / starch kcal
    1 g CHO (starch/sugar) = 4 kcal
  34. fiber kcal
    1g fiber = 0 kcal
  35. characteristics of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    slow infant growth, small head/body, distorted facial features, mental retardation (low IQ)
  36. alcohol kcal
    1 g alcohol = 7 kcal
  37. saturated fat increases the risk of
    heart disease
  38. fat kcal
    1 g fat = 9 kcal
  39. kcal?
    10 g CHO
    1 g fiber
    3 g alcohol
    8 g fat
    133 kcal
  40. Protein kcal
    1 g protein = 4 kcal
  41. types of vegetarianism
    • vegan - consume only plants
    • ovovegetarian - plants and eggs
    • lactovegetarian - plant and dairy
    • ovolactovegetarian - plant, egg, and dairy
  42. symptoms of lactose intolerance
    • bloating
    • gaseousness
    • diahhrea
    • nausea
    • abdominal painafter eating dairy EXCEPT cheese and yorgurt
  43. iatrogenic malnutrition
    a nutrition disease resulting from Medical Treatment to a patient with drugs, surgery, or dipudict diet
  44. example of Iatrogenic Malnutrition
    anticonvulsants increase need for folic acid
  45. factors affecting BMR
    • age
    • genetic
    • gender
    • body composition
    • body condition
    • body temprature
    • hormonal secretion
    • sleep
    • nigitin from smoking
    • faster or crash diets
  46. the major gland affects BMR
    thyroid
  47. age group affect BMR
    • infancy
    • childhood
    • puberty
    • pregnancy
    • lactation increase BMR
    • BMR Begins to decrease in age 25
  48. hyperthyroidism
    increase BMR so increase food intake
  49. hypothyroidism
    decreasing BMR so decrease food intake
  50. fat deposition influences health
    apple vs. pear shape
  51. quick standard for female
    • 5 ' = 100#
    • addional inch = 5# additional
  52. quick standard male 6'
    • 1' = 12 inches
    • 105# + 72# = 177#
  53. cause of obesity
    increase technology + increase junk food = increase obesity
  54. convert # to kg
    # /2.2 = kg
  55. BMR
    • measures the minimum amount of energy needed to carry on the Vital Body Processes
    • respiration
    • circulation
    • sythesis of glands
    • hormones
    • muscular contraction
    • elesticity
  56. 2000 kcal with 10% kcal from protein, how many kcal are from protein? And how many grams protein in this diet?
    10% x (2000 kcal) = 200 protein kcal

    200 protein kcal / 4 =  50g protein
  57. how many grams of protein in a 2000 kcal diet
    • 50g
    • 200 kcal from protein food
    • 200 / 4 = 50
  58. major nutrients of fruit and vegetables
    • Fiber
    • Vitamin A
    • Vitamin C
  59. Meat/ beans group low in ______
    low in Ascrobic Acid (Vitamin C) and Calcium
  60. Sources of Sodium (Na)
    • Salt (major source)
    • baking soda, MSG
    • food and water with naturally occuring sodium
  61. Functions of Potassium
    • treament of hypertension
    • main water balance
    • main osmotic pressure

    • catalyst in many biological reactions
    • maintaining axid/base balance
    • transmission of nerve impluses
    • release of insulin from pancreas
  62. Na & K both
    • maintain water balance
    • critical foe hypertention treament
    • maintain osmotic pressure
  63. Food sources of Flourine
    • Flourine added to water supply
    • mackerel (fish)
  64. Functions of Flourine
    • gives protection from the bone disease ( osteopathy)
    • gives protection against tooth decay
    • too much Flourine = browm motting on teeth
  65. Functions of Chloride
    in the stomach as part of digested juices (HCL)
  66. minerals maintain water balance
    Na & K
  67. Calcium provides rigidity in
    bones and teeth
  68. Functions of Calcium
    • Bone formation along with phosphorus, flourine, magnesium
    • blood clooting
    • growth
    • catalyst for biological reaction
    • tooth formation
  69. Bone Formation
    • Ca calcium
    • F flourine
    • Mg magnesium
    • P phosphorus
  70. Elderly are not at risk for
    decreasing Ca absorption by secretin acidity excess stomach acid
  71. Food Sources of Ca
    • milk, yogurt, cheese
    • salmon
    • sardines
    • broccoli
    • almond
    • kala
  72. Sulfur found in
    cabbage family vegetables ( cabbage, brussel sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower )
  73. Sulfur contains allyl sulfur
    which decrease risk of cancer
  74. calculate BMR
    Male:
    Female:
    • Male: 1 * ___kg * 24°
    • Female : 0.9 * ___kg * 24°
  75. 1). A man weights 110 lb, calculate his BMR 2). A women weights 110 lb, calculate her BMR
    • 首先一定要把 lb 换成 kg 才能算
    • 1). 110lb / 2.2 =50 kg      
    • 1 * 50 * 24° = 1200 kcal

    • 2). 110lb /2.2 =50 kg      
    • 0.9 * 50 * 24° = 1080 kcal
  76. where we can find Phosphorus (P)?
    coke, 7up, roast beef, and milk
  77. Sources of Magnesium
    fish, nuts, soybeans, and spinach
  78. def. of Obesity
    20% above healthy body weight

    ex: 150 lb (normal) x 20% = 30 lb. (exceed weight)      

    150 lb + 30 lb =180 lb. (obese)
  79. Thermic Effect of Food 消耗最少的热量
    BMR 消耗最多的热量
  80. Function of Iron (Fe)
    • Blood Formation
    • (Fe is part of hemoglobin which is part of the RBC which is invloved in blood formation)
  81. Meat is the most biologically available food source of
    Iron
  82. enriched bread is a source of
    Iron (non-heme iron)

    enriched bread has little fat
  83. milk is a poor souce of
    Fe and Vitamin C

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview