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How do most typical antipsychotic drugs work?
- dopamine antagonists
- treat positive sx of schizophrenia
What are major SE of typical antipsychotics?
- EPS & TD
- May cause neuroleptic malignant syndrome
- Can cause sunburn and photosensitivity
What else does phenothiazine treat?
What are nursing implications of haldol?
- do not give to elderly demented
- drug of choice for agitated pts
How do atypical antipsychotics work?
- dopamine and seratonin antagonists
- treat pos and neg signs
What are significant SE of atypicas?
- Weight gain->diabetes, heart disease
- low risk of EPS
Why do you need to do frequent CBC lab checks for clozapine?
risk for agranulocytosis
What is Risperdol used for?
s/s schizophrenia, bipolar mania, austistic sx, stuttering & Tourettes
What is abilify used for?
schizophrenia, bipolar mania, add-on of MDD
What drug should you avoid smoking?