Nutrition competency exam

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  1. What is the primary fuel for cells?
    glucose
  2. Fructose is located in:
    fruit
  3. Sugar molecules are called:
    saccharides
  4. What are the 3 carb classes?
    • monosaccharides
    • disaccharides
    • polysaccharides
  5. Monosaccharides include:
    • glucose
    • fructose
    • galactose
  6. Disaccharides include:
    • sucrose
    • lactose
    • maltose
  7. Sucrose= glucose + _______.
    Lactose= glucose + _______.
    Maltose= glucose + _______.
    • Sucrose= glucose + fructose
    • Lactose= glucose + galactose
    • Maltose= glucose + glucose
  8. Daily amount of fiber:
    25-40 grams
  9. How do you find the range of total kilocalories from CHO?
    • the total kcal x 0.45
    • the total kcal x 0.65
  10. It is healthier to have ____ density lipoproteins.
    high
  11. What four things are on the "Fight Bac" picture?
    • clean
    • separate
    • cook
    • chill
  12. How much is one serving of grain?
    1 ounce
  13. How much is one serving of vegetables?
    1/2 cup
  14. How much is one serving of fruits?
    1/2 cup
  15. How much is one serving of dairy?
    1 cup
  16. How much is one serving of protein?
    3 ounces
  17. How do you determine how many kcals are in a food?
    • carbs x 4
    • protein x 4
    • fat x 9
    • *add all together
  18. Nutritional care of people in the community is the primary responsibility of the:
    registered dietitian
  19. The nutrients that provide energy include
    carbohydrates, fat, and protein.
  20. A bagel that provides 50 g of carbohydrate, 2 g of protein, and 2 g of fat provides how many kcals?
    (50 x 4) + (2 x 4) + (2 x 9)= 226 kcals
  21. Malnutrition often is caused by
    prolonged hospitalization
  22. Vitamins function as
    coenzyme factors
  23. The basic structural units of protein are
    amino acids
  24. The basic structural units of carbohydrates are
    monosaccharides
  25. The main storage form of carbohydrates is
    glycogen
  26. Beans are high in
    fiber
  27. The major site or organ in the body for metabolic processing of carbohydrates is the
    liver
  28. The basic single sugar in body metabolism is
    glucose
  29. Sucrose is composed of
    glucose and fructose
  30. The disaccharide not commonly found in the diet but that is derived from the intermediate digestive breakdown of starch is
    maltose.
  31. A complex carbohydrate that is not digestible yet is important to the body is
    dietary fiber
  32. The enzymes in the intestine responsible for digestion of carbohydrates are found specifically in the
    brush border
  33. Triglycerides are composed of
    glycerol and fatty acids
  34. Saturated fatty acids are _____ at room temperature.
    solid
  35. An essential fatty acid is one that
    the body cannot manufacture for itself
  36. When fats are hydrogenated, they become
    more solid
  37. Fat is transported in the bloodstream mostly in
    lipoproteins
  38. An example of a monounsaturated fat is
    olive oil
  39. The basic building blocks of fat are
    fatty acids
  40. An essential fatty acid would be
    linoleic
  41. A food source of cholesterol would be
    liver
  42. Trans fat may be found in
    commercially prepared snack cake
  43. Invisible fat may be found in
    cheese
  44. Fat digestion occurs mainly in the
    small intestine
  45. An essential fatty acid would be
  46. An excess of cholesterol and dietary fat in the diet is associated as a specific risk for
    atherosclerosis
  47. A protein that contains all indispensable amino acids in the correct proportion and ratio is
    complete
  48. An example of a body protein is
    hemoglobin
  49. Protein plays an important role in the body in
    body defense
  50. If nitrogen intake exceeds nitrogen excretion, the condition is called
    positive nitrogen balance
  51. A good example of complementary proteins is
    beans and rice
  52. Protein is composed of building units called
    amino acids
  53. Two amino acids joined together are called a
    dipeptide
  54. The term amino refers to a compound containing
    nitrogen
  55. The primary function of protein in the body is
    tissue building
  56. Pepsinogen is converted by hydrochloric acid in the stomach to
    pepsin
  57. The food with the highest biologic value is
    egg
  58. A chronic deficiency of protein and energy is referred to as
    marasmus
  59. A strict vegetarian (vegan) may be most at risk for
    zinc deficiency
  60. Compared with the pH in the small intestine, the pH in the stomach is
    lower
  61. Peptidases are enzymes that act on
    proteins
  62. The hormone that stimulates the pancreas to release its secretions is
    secretin
  63. The primary nutritional function of the large intestine is
    absorption of water
  64. Converting noncarbohydrate substances into glucose is called
    gluconeogenesis
  65. The mucosal lining of the intestine is protected from irritation and erosion by secretions of
    mucus
  66. The fingerlike projections in the small intestine that ensure maximal absorption of nutrients are called
    villi
  67. Fat molecules enter into the bloodstream through the
    lymph vessels
  68. Humans lack an enzyme to break down
    fiber
  69. The hormone that controls the acidity and secretion of enzymes from the pancreas is called
    secretin
  70. The circulation that occurs from the intestines to the liver is called
    portal
  71. The increase in metabolic rate after a meal is called
    the thermic effect of food
  72. When energy expenditure exceeds energy intake, the result is
    weight loss
  73. Total energy requirement involves a contribution from resting metabolic rate, physical activity, and
    thermic effect of food
  74. A deficiency of vitamin A may result in
    night blindness
  75. Which food is the most important source of riboflavin?
    Milk
  76. The vitamin most closely associated with protein metabolism is
    pyridoxine
  77. A significant source of vitamin A is found in
    spinach
  78. The active vitamin D hormone is called
    calcitriol
  79. The most potent fat-soluble antioxidant is
    alpha-tocopherol
  80. A vitamin deficiency disease caused by a lack of vitamin C is called
    scurvy
  81. Which vitamin does the heart muscle depend on for energy and to keep it strong?
    Thiamin
  82. One of the main functions of vitamin _____ is to aid in blood clotting.
    K
  83. Noncaloric essential nutrients necessary in very small amounts for specific metabolic control and disease prevention are called
    vitamins
  84. itamins regulate body metabolism by working as
    specific catalysts
  85. A deficiency of folate may result in
    neural tube defects
  86. Iron is responsible for
    • antibody production
    • carotene conversion to vitamin A
    • hemoglobin formation
  87. Thyroid-stimulating hormone controls the uptake of
    iodine
  88. Minerals required by the body in amounts of more than 100 mg/day are called
    major minerals
  89. The mineral essential for the formation of fibrin to cause a blood clot is
    calcium
  90. The mineral necessary for the controlled oxidation of carbohydrate, fat, and protein in producing and storing available energy for the body is
    phosphorus
  91. The mineral that plays a role in the conversion of blood glucose to stored glycogen is
    potassium
  92. The mineral that is a catalyst for many reactions in cells that produce energy is
    magnesium
  93. The greatest source of dietary zinc is
    meat
  94. A mineral that occurs mostly in the intracellular fluid is
    potassium
  95. Plasma proteins, glucose, electrolytes, and sodium have what in common?
    they balance the water between body compartments
  96. An ion that possesses a negative charge is a(n)
    anion
  97. Ways in which water and solutes move across membranes include
    diffusion and filtration
  98. The kidneys "launder" the blood by
    filtration
  99. The fluid surrounding the tissues outside the cells is called
    interstitial fluid
  100. The major electrolyte found guarding the water outside of the cells is
    sodium
  101. Water requirements per day for an infant are approximately
    1000 ml
  102. Molecules retained in the blood vessels that control water movement in the body and guard blood volume by influencing the shift of water in and out of capillaries are
    plasma proteins
  103. Water leaves the body mainly through the
    kidneys
  104. The process that impels water molecules to move through the body is
    osmosis
  105. The term hypertonic refers to what type of solution?
    Concentrated
  106. The hormone that causes the kidney to reabsorb water is
    antidiuretic hormone
  107. The acid-base buffer system is mainly controlled by the
    lungs and liver
  108. Recommendations for a pregnant woman with morning sickness include eating
    liquids between, not with, meals
  109. Iron absorption is enhanced by consuming foods containing
    vitamin C
  110. An important source of folate is
    oranges
  111. Infants younger than 1 year should not be given honey because it may contain
    botulism spores
  112. A bacteria that can contaminate milk, egg dishes, salad dressing, or sandwich fillings is
    Salmonella
  113. Obesity generally means that someone's body weight exceeds his or her desired body weight for height by at least
    20%
  114. To achieve aerobic benefit, the pulse must be raised __________within the individual's maximal heart rate.
    60% to 90%
  115. A beverage that should be omitted from the diet of a patient with peptic ulcer disease is
    coffee
  116. The form of insulin designed to last between 5 and 8 hours is the
    short-acting form
  117. A form of metabolic alteration that occurs in diabetes from burning body fat for energy is
    metabolic acidosis
  118. Fat soluble vitamins:

    • A
    • D
    • E
    • K
    • Adam's
    • Dick
    • Excites
    • Kelly
  119. Water soluble vitamins:
    The
    Rhino
    Needs
    Purple
    Cats
    Because
    Pat
    Froze
    Caroline's
    Viper
    • Thiamin
    • Riboflavin
    • Niacin
    • Pyridoxine
    • Cobalamin
    • Biotin
    • Pantothenic acid
    • Folic acid
    • Choline
    • Vitamin C
  120. What  are the three macronutrients?
    • Carbs
    • Protein
    • Fat/cholesterol
  121. Beriberi is caused by a deficiency of
    thiamine/vitamin B1
  122. Kwashiorkor is caused by a deficiency of
    protein
  123. Rickets is caused by a deficiency of
    • vitamin D
    • calcium
    • or phosphorus
  124. Scurvy is caused by a defiency of
    vitamin C
  125. The vitamin needed to cement new tissues during the healing process is
    vitamin C
  126. Total parenteral nutrition formulas provide protein in the form of
    amino acids
  127. One of the most common nutrient deficiencies among surgical patients is
    protein
Author:
mel26704
ID:
185618
Card Set:
Nutrition competency exam
Updated:
2013-02-11 00:42:15
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nutrition
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Nutrition
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