TB5

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TB5
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  1. Children's "increasing ability to regulate themselves, to take responsibility, and to exercise self control" all contribute to their sense of:
    A. conservation
    B. autonomy
    C. egocentrism
    D. peer values
    B. autonomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Barbara is in the thrid grade. She spends many hours rehearsing her math skills, reading books, and collecting bugs. Even though these activities may seem boring, they are all part of Barbara's developing a healthy sense of:
    A. industry
    B. self-control
    C. autonomy
    D. egocentrism
    A. industry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. typical of the industry versus inferiority stage is:
    A. theo decvides to take piano lessons
    B. cliff says that his girlfriend, Clair, doesn't understand him
    C. rudy is having difficulty in learning math
    D. vanessa says, "may parents never let me do anything!"
    C. rudy is having difficulty in learning math
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. which of the following is erikson's fourth stage of psychosocial crises?
    A. autonomy versus shame and doubt
    B. industry versus inferiority
    C. trust versus mistrust
    D. ego intergrity versus incompetence
    B. industry versus incompetence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. why is it so important that children learn a sense of industry or competence?
    A. it provides structure and discipline in their lives
    B. it allows them to stand up to their parents and gain a sense of autonomy
    C. it assures them a place high in the peer group
    D. it provides a crucial defense against emotional problems
    D. it provides a crucial defense against emotional problems
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. According to Erikson, if 9-year-old Anna is successful in solving her psychosocial conflict, she should be developing a(an) _______ view of  herself.
    A. industrious
    B. latent
    C. emotionally mature
    D. inept
    A. industrious
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. According to erikson's theory, children in middle childhood tent to judge themselves as either
    A. competent or awkward
    B. suppressed or superior
    C. industrious or inferior
    D. intelligent or stupid
    D. intelligent or stupid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. according to Freud, which of the following will 8-year-old Sven experience?
    A. new interest in girls
    B. increased emotional drives
    C. repression of his psychosexual needs
    D. emergence of many unconscious sexual conflicts
    C. repression of his psychosexual needs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. during the latency stage, children
    A. seek to establish their identity
    B. develop sexual feelings toward their opposite-sex peers
    C. assimilate cultural values
    D. attempt to learn self-control
    C. assimilate cultural values
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. which of the following attributes is not typical of school-age children?
    A. they engage in social comparison
    B. they rely less on appreciation from peers and parents
    C. they engage in effortful control
    D. they are loyal
    B. they rely less on appreciation from peers and parents
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. if you were to ask 10-year-old Stephen "who knows you best?" which of the following would likely be his answer?
    A. "i know myself better than anyone"
    B. "my older brother knows me better than anyone"
    C. "my mom knows me better than anyone"
    D. "my best friend Jake knows me better than anyone"
    A. "i know myself better than anyone"
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The "______-self" is a person who thinks, acts, and feels independently. The "______-self" is a person reflecteed, validated, and critiqued by others.
    A. me; other
    B. I; me
    C. me; I
    D. you; me
    B. I; me
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. When one assesses one's abilities, achievements, social status, and other attributes by measuringthem against those of ther people, especially one's peers, one is engaging in:
    A. peer evaluation
    B. social comparison
    C. cutlural normalization
    D. parental assessment
    B. social comparison
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. during the scholl years, self-esteem typically:
    A. fluctuates up and down
    B. stays the same
    C. increases
    D. decreases
    D. decreases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. because schoolchildren judge their own talents and limitations more realistically than preschoolers:
    A. they are less likely to concede that they're not good at something
    B. their self-confidence may suffer as they compare themselves with others
    C. following a failure, they are less pessimistic about future failure
    D. they should decide which reading and math groups they wish to join
    B. their self-confidence may suffer as they compare themselves with others
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. the period when children's bodies become adultlike is called:
    A. youth
    B. sdecondary sex development
    C. puberty
    D. the growth spurt
    C. puberty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. the term menarche refers to:
    A. a girl's first menstrual period
    B. the first year of menstruation, which is usually anovulatory
    C. beginning of growth of the uterus
    D. the first ovulation of a mature egg
    A. a girl's first menstrual period
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. For both girls and boys, puberty typically begins as young as _______ years or as late as _______ years.
    A. 8; 14
    B. 10; 13
    C. 7; 16
    D. 5; 18
    A. 8; 14
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. For boys, the usual sequence of physical changes in puberty is:
    A. growth of the testes; growth of the penis; initial pubic-hair growth; spermarche
    B. initial pubic-hair growth; growth of the penis; spermarche; growth of the penis
    C. growth of the testes; initial pubic-hair growth; growth of penis; spermarche
    D. spermarche; growth of the testes; growth of the peis; initial pubic-hair growth
    C. growth of the testes; initial pubic-hair growth; growth of penis; spermarche
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. In girls, the average age for the breast bud stage is:
    A. 13
    B. 10
    C. 15
    D. 12
    B. 10
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. the first outward sign of puberty in a typical girl is:
    A. an increase in weight
    B. the onset of breast growth
    C. development of muscular strength
    D. a spurt in height
    B. the onset of breast growth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. for girls, the usual sequence of phyiscal changes in puberty is:
    A. menarche, the growth spurt, tand the beginning of breast development
    B. the growth spsurt, the beginning of breast development, and menarche
    C. the growth spurt, menarche, and the beginning of breast development
    D. the beginning of breast development, the growth spurt, and menarche
    D. the beginning of breast development, the growth spurt, and menarche
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Nancy has just experienced as sudden growth spurt. Soon she will notice:
    A. an increase in her shoe size
    B. her first menstrual period
    C. the appearance of pubic hair
    D. breast development
    B. her first menstrual period
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. in girls, the onset of puberty brings the loweting of the voice at approximately age:
    A. 14
    B. 13
    C. 11
    D. 15
    A. 14
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. John noticed that his testes have grown larger. His next growth event will probably be:
    A. his pubic hair begins to appear
    B. his voice changes
    C. his beard develops
    D. he has his first ejaculation
    A. his pubic hair begins to appear
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. for boys, the event that most closely parallels menarche is the
    A. discharge of enough sperm to fertilize an ovum
    B. spermarche
    C. first intercourse
    D. growth of the penis
    B. spermarche
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Bill noticed that he has some pubic hair. His next growth event will probably be
    A. beard development
    B. growth of penis
    C. spermarche
    D. voice change
    B. growth of penis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. the sequence of hormone production that originates in the brain and ends with glands located atop the kidneys is known as the:
    A. HAP pathway
    B. HPA axis
    C. HAG pathway
    D. HPG axis
    B. HPA axis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which of the following glands receives signals directly from the hypothalamus?
    A. testes
    B. pituitary
    C. adrenals
    D. gonads
    B. pituitary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. for boys, the firsty ejaculation generally occurs:
    A. when facial hair first appears
    B. after the weight and height spurt
    C. following growth of the testes and penis
    D. when the final pubic hair pattern is established
    C. following growth of the testes and penis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Of the following parts of the brain, which is the last to fully mature in adolescence?
    A. hippocampus
    B. limbic system
    C. prefrontal cortex
    D. brain stem
    C. prefrontal cortex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. which of the following statements is true regarding the use of medical scans to explain adolescent behavior?
    A. FMRI and PET scans are only able to see myelinated neurons in the brain and are therefore insufficient to explain adolescent behavior
    B. since the late twentieth century, we've been able to finally explain irrational adolescent behavior in terms of brain structure and function
    C. while we have the ability to see physical changes in the brain, we do not yet know to what extent these changes explain behavior
    D. the medical technology currently available to us does not provide any explanation for adolescent behavior
    C. while we have the ability to see physical changes in the brain, we do not yetr know to what extent these changes explain behavior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. adolescents are capable of ________ thinking even though they don't necessarily demonstrate it in their actions
    A. adult
    B. precognitive
    C. rational
    D. complex theoretical
    C. rational
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Ricky knows that he is not allowed to drive the family car after dark. He has even been punished in the past for doing so. Ricky's parents are out of town for the weekend and Ricky picks up some friends in the familycar and takes them to a movie. Which of the following best explains Ricky's behavior?
    A. Ricky's immature prefrontal cortex prevents him from making rational decisions
    B. Ricky most likely has a mental disorder
    C. even though Ricky is capable of rational thought, he doesn't always use it
    D. Ricky's prefrontal cortex has probably matured before his limbic system
    C. even though Ricky is capable of rational thought, he doesn't always use it
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which of the following brain structures is responsible for quick emotional reactions?
    A. amygdala
    B. cortex
    C. hypothalamus
    D. brain stem
    A. amygdala
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Jose enjoys sports, especially running. As an adolescent he has the potential to become a star athlete. Which of the following will be most beneficial to him in reaching his full potential?
    A. the full development of his prefrontal cortex and the support of his peers
    B. the encouragement of his family and the myelination of his sensory cortex
    C. rapid changes in myelination in his brain and the guidance of an experienced coach
    D. the development of his limbic system and the influence of pubertal hormones
    C. rapid changes in myelination in his brain and the guidance of an experienced coach
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. the still developing prefrontal cortex and the full development of the limbic system are at least partially responsible for
    A. the narcissism of adolescence
    B. the apathy and boredom with life found in many of today's adolescents
    C. the steadfast discipline found in young athletes
    D. the passion and commitment with which adolescents and young adults embrace nontraditional ideas
    D. the passion and commitment with which adolescents and young adults embrace nontraditional ideas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. most adolescents think about themselves:
    A. periodically
    B. frequently
    C. occasionally
    D. rarely
    B. frequently
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. because adolescents regard themselves as uniquely special:
    A. they embrace many points of view
    B. it is difficult for them to envision another person's perspective
    C. they believe everyone feels what they feel
    D. it is easy for them to envision another person's perspective.
    B. it is difficult for them to envision another person's perspective
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. in general, adolescent egocentrism refers to which of the following?
    A. the belief that one is destined to have a legendary life
    B. the viewpoint that everyone else is smarter than oneself
    C. the notion that one cannot be harmed by unprotected sex
    D. the view that one is noticed by everyone
    D. the view that one is noticed by everyone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. adolescent egocentrism is evident when teenagers believe:
    A. they personally are much more socially significant than they actually are
    B. they receive adequate attentionfrom their family and friends
    C. their own ethnic group is superior to others.
    D. their generation is similar to previous generations
    A. they personally are much more socially significant than they actually are
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. a characteristic of adolescent egocentrism is:
    A. the belief that one's emotional experiences are misunderstood by others
    B. the controlling of the id and the superego by the ego
    C. the belief that all people think the same thoughts
    D. an attempt to live up to the standards of the society
    A. the belief that one's emotional experiences are misunderstood by others
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. a 15-year-old girl realizes that the dress she has worn to school has a small stain on it. Her belief that everyone will notice it is an example of:
    A. the personal fable
    B. school phobia
    C. clothes consciousness
    D. adolescent egocentrism
    D. adolescent egocentrism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. an adolescent's statement that, "but, mother, you just don't understand; nobody understands!" is indicative of:
    A. belief in the imaginary audience
    B. poor person-environment fit
    C. adolescent egocentrism
    D. formal operational thought
    C. adolescent egocentrism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The difference between the egocentrism of adolescents and that of preoperational children is:
    A. peroperational children believe that hey have an imaginary audience that includes imaginary friends
    B. a well-developed theory of mind in adolescence
    C. negligible
    D. a focus on others by preoperational children and a focus onself by adolescents
    B. a well-developed theory of mind in adolescence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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