BMB 450 Exam 3

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yy51819987
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185651
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BMB 450 Exam 3
Updated:
2012-12-18 09:50:32
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genetics
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genetics
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  1. prototype
    原型
  2. Lysogenize
    vt.使溶原化
  3. lysogen
    n.溶原性细菌
  4. lysate
    n.溶解产物(尤指溶菌液)
  5. illegitimate recombination
    非常规重组
  6. lysate
    The cellular debris and fluid produced by lysis.

    溶解产物(尤指溶菌液)
  7. progeny
    n.子孙,后裔,后代
  8. transducing phage
    phages capable of transduction
  9. transducing particle
    a phage that has picked up bacteial DNA
  10. donor strain
    the original bacterial strain in which the transducing particle hadmultiplied and picked up host DNA
  11. recipient strain
    bacterial strain the transducing partical infects
  12. transductants (tDU)
    cells that have received DNA from another bacterium by transduction
  13. cation
    阳离子
  14. Salmonella typhimurium
    P22
  15. transposons 
    DNA elements that can hop, or transpose, from one place in DNA to another
  16. transposition
    movement by a transposon
  17. transposases 
    the enzymes that promote transposition
  18. propagation
    n.繁殖;增殖
  19. merodiploid
    n.局部二倍体
  20. episome
    n.附加体,游离体,游离基因(指细菌中的一种遗传单元)
  21. fertility
    繁殖力
  22. colicin
    n.大肠杆菌素
  23. lysogenic
    adj.生成细胞溶素的,生成溶胞素的,溶原的,产噬的
  24. promiscuous
    adj.男女乱交的
  25. transconjugant
    the recipient cell that has received DNA as a result of conjugation
  26. self-transmissible
    plasmids that can transfer themselves
  27. Dtr component
    • DNA Transfer and Replication
    • for DNA transfer and replication
    • encoded by tra genes
    • processing of the plasmid DNA to prepare it for transfer
  28. cascade
    n.小瀑布
  29. Mpf component
    mating-pair formation
  30. episome
    n.附加体,游离体,游离基因(指细菌中的一种遗传单元)
  31. spontaneous
    adj.自发的, 无意识的;自然的, 天真率直的
  32. zygotic
    合子的
  33.  beta-galactosidase
    半乳糖苷酶
  34. lytic cycle
    裂解周期
  35. lysogenic state
    • phage DNA either is integrated into the host chromosome
    • or replicates as a plasmid
  36. temperate phage
    • lysogen-forming phage
    • be able to maintain a stable relationship with the host cell
    • inwhich they neither multiply nor are lost from the cell
  37. prophage
    phage DNA in the lysogenic state is called a ~
  38. lysogen
    the bacterium harboring a prophage is a ~ for that phage
  39. lysogeny
    n.溶原性,溶原现象
  40. IHF
    integration host factor
  41. defective
    adj.有错误的,有缺陷的;不完美的,有瑕疵的
  42. illegitimate recombination
    adj.非婚生的,私生
  43. HFT
    high frequency transduction
  44. excise
    vt.切除,删去
  45. virulent
    病毒性的
  46. tetracycline
    四环素

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