flashcardsScienceUnit10and11.txt

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Author:
caleb1
ID:
185693
Filename:
flashcardsScienceUnit10and11.txt
Updated:
2012-11-27 16:30:22
Tags:
mass matter chemical change physical volume density solid liquid gas
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Description:
Science Unit 10 and 11
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  1. Anything that takes up space and has mass.
    Matter
  2. Matter that has a definite shape and takes up a definite amount of space.
    Solid
  3. The upward force of a liquid or air that keeps things a float.
    Buoyancy
  4. How much space an object takes up.
    Volume
  5. The measure of the pull of gravity between an object and Earth
    Weight
  6. The amount of matter in a given space
    Density
  7. Matter that does not have a definite shape but does take up a definite amount of space.
    Liquid
  8. The amount of matter making up an object.
    Mass
  9. Matter that does not have a definite shape and does not take up a definite amount of space.
    Gas
  10. A measurement that describes a number of uniform square surface units
    Surface Area
  11. Color, texture, and shape are all _____ of matter.
    Properties
  12. One kilogram of cotton would take up more space than one kilogram of iron because the ____ of cotton is less than the density of iron.
    Density
  13. The particles in a ____ move farther apart from one another than a solid or liquid.
    Gas
  14. You can use water to measure the ___ of a solid.
    Volume
  15. Mass is measured in units called ______.
    Kilograms
  16. To measure matter, scientists use the standard units in the ______ ______.
    Metric System
  17. To find the area of a rectangular object, multiply its ____ by its width.
    Length
  18. If you took an object to the Moon, its mass would be the same as on Earth, but its ___ would be less.
    Weight
  19. A gas does not have a definite _____.
    Shape
  20. Adding _____ energy causes air particles to move more quickly.
    Heat
  21. Which is not an element? (gold, oxygen, rust, or carbon)
    Rust
  22. What is another name for a chemical change?
    Chemical Reaction
  23. A glass of salt water, a bowl of peas and carrots, a pot of sand and soil are all examples of a _____.
    Mixture
  24. All chemical changes involve...
    Energy
  25. Is a penny tarnishing an example of a physical or a chemical change?
    Chemical Change
  26. Water is a compound made up of the elements...
    Hydrogen and Oxygen
  27. The change of a liquid to a gas is called...
    Evaporation
  28. Two or more types of matter mixed together, each keeping its own chemical properties is called a...
    Mixture
  29. Elements are classified according to their...
    Properties
  30. A table that classifies elements is a...
    Periodic Table
  31. A substance made up of only one type of matter
    Element
  32. The shorthand used for an element's name is a...
    Symbol
  33. A mixture of metals
    Alloy
  34. When water evaporates to become water vapor it goes through a change in...
    State
  35. When matter goes through a change in state, size, shape, position or texture
    Physical Change
  36. Matter can change from one state to another when its particles move faster or slower due to a gain or loss of...
    Heat Energy
  37. Which is NOT a physical change (size, shape, type of matter, or position)
    Type of Matter
  38. When one kind of matter is changed into a different kind of matter
    Chemical Change
  39. What has no definite shape and no fixed size? (solid, liquid, or gas)
    Gas
  40. What as no definite shape, but does have a fixed size?
    Liquid
  41. What has a definite shape and a fixed size?
    Solid
  42. How do you find the volume of a shape?
    Length x Width x Height

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