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How many L of blood in human body?
What do red blood cells do?
What do WBC's do?
Right side heart has?
Left side of heart has?
Functions of blood?
Normal range of pH?
Two types of Leukocytes?
Two types of Nongranulocytes?
Two types Granulocytes??
What are Lymphocytes?
- Responsible for antibody formation.
- B memory cells
What are Monocytes?
Engulf foreign antigens and cell debris.
What are Neutrophils?
Essential in phagocytosis.
What are Eosinophils?
Essential in allergic reaction and against parasites.
What are Basophils?
Respond to inflammation and release histamine.
What is vessel spasm?
The smooth muscle in the vesses reflexively contract and initiate the next steps.
What is platelet plug formation?
Stick to the exposed edges of damaged blood vessels, forming a net with spiny processes protruding from the membranes.
What is clot formation?
Thromboplastin, which activates the first in a series of factors leading to the production of prothrombin activator.
What medicine is given to a mother rh + and kid with rh -??
Symptoms when given the wrong blood type?
- High temp
- Low B/P
PT/INR Normal levels? Therapeutic level?
- 2-3 times/1.5-2times
Drug that you need a PT/INR?
PTT normal range?
- Therapeutic 1.5times
When is coumadin given??
Evening after results.
Hematocrit (hct) normal range?
- Male. 42%-52%
- Female. 37%-47%
Hemoglobin (Hgb) normal ranges?
- Male 14-18g/dl
- Female 12-16g/dl
RBC count normal range?
- Male 4.7-6.1million/mm3
- Female 4.2-5.4million/mm3
WBC normal range?
Normal platelet countt??
Iron normal level?
- Male 75-175mg/L
- Female 65-165mg/L
Complete metabolic panel
Bleeding time small scab?
Clotting time of cut?
Urine test find out B12 absorption.
Blood test to find B12 deficiency
Bone marrow aspiration is what type of test?
Bone marrow biopsy is what test?
Sample of tissue.
What does a low albumin level mean? what is it for?
- Bad diet
- Maintaining colloidal osmotic pressure
What is Globulin?
Essential for blood coagulation
What is fibrinogen?
Contain the antibodies essential in the body defence against microorganisms
What is the spleen and how much blood does it hold?
- Destroys worn out RBCs
- Removes bacteria
- Production of T cells
what is hemoglobin?
the main component of erythrocytes and serves as the vehicle for the transportaion of oxygen and CO2
hemotocrit, precentage measures packed RBCs
What is anemia?
a disorder RBC hemotocrit below normal
clinical manifestation of anemia 7?
- CBC with diffirential
- Low RBC
- Low hematocrit
- low hemoglobin
What is hypovolemic anemia?
small amount of blood loss
Clinical manifestation for hypovolemic shock 7?
- lose 1000ml blood
- cool, moist skin
Artistic rendition of hemolytic anemia?
wrong blood product.
Dignosis for hypovolemic shock?
- decrease b/p
- pulse increase
- respiration increase
- skin pale
- HGB, HCT, and RBC low
Signs of pernicious anemia?
red beefy toungue, jaundice, memory loss, tingling hands and feet.
Pernisious anemia happens more often with?
What is pernicious anemia?
Autoimmune disorderunable to absorb vitamin b12
What is aplastic anemia?
Decrease in bone marrow function.
What is specific to aplstic anemia?
What does pancytopenic mean
low everything on cbc
What is iron deficiency anemia?
- RBCs low levels of hemoglobin.
- excess loss of iron.
Iron deficiency diagnosis?
- low RBC
- Low Hgb
- Low HCT
- Low Serum iron
- Low TIBC
When giving iron you dont give it with? you do give it with?
When taking iron signs?
Dark stool and constipation
When taking iron you will be positive for?
Sickle cell anemia is?
Abnormal shapped RBCs due to receseive gene.
to see clients HgB, sickle cell hemoglobin
HgB electrophoresis is?
to distinguish if it is trait or the disease
Diagnosis of sickle cell?
- Electrophoresis of hemoglobin
- Low RBCs
- low o2
Treatment of sickle cell?
No treatment just treating the symptoms
Nursing intervention of sickle cell?
Prevent the attack(crisis)
Medicine for antisickling effect?
reduce viscosity, increase RBC flexibility and lengthens the time between sickle cell anemia.
What happens with congestive heart failure?
Fluid build up.
What is polycythemia?
an increase in production of RBCs. WBC and platelet also increases.
What is polycythemia?
- cause unknown
- low O2 stimulates in increase of CBC
Treatment for polycytemia?
- radioactive phosphorus and radition therapy.
Diagnosis for polycythemia?
Hgb over 18mg/dl and HCT over 55%
What is Thrombocytopenia?
platelete count lower than 100,000mm3
Diet for thrombocytopenia?
high fiber to prevent constipation
What is hemophilia?
Coagulation disorder recessive gene
What is type A hemophilia?
deficiency in factor 8
What is Hemophilia B?
Deficiency in plasma thromboplastin
What are the three classification and readings? hemophilia
- Mild factor level 40%
- Moderate factor level 1-5%
- severe factor level below 1%
Main symptom of hemophilia?
Bleeding even from minor trauma
What is hermarthrosis?
Bleeding in the joints
What is the most common cause of death of hemophiliac
Baby bleeding hemohiliac out of tooth add?
Diagnosis for hemohiliac?
PTT and bleeding time prolonged.
Nursing interaction of hemophilia?
What is Von willebrands disease?
- Characterized by slow coagulation of blood.
- Mild deficiency of factor 8
diagnosis of Von willibrands disease?
PTT and bleeding time prolonged.
What is cryprecipate?
- Tx for willebrands disease
- its frozen factor, bone maroow anything.
nursing interaction willebrands disease
What is DIC?
- Not a disease, a sydrome secondary to another process or condition.
- It it alternating clotting and hemorrhaging.Fibrinogen is depleted
Diagnosis of DIC
- avoid trauma
- minimize bleeding