Sociology 101 Flash Cards 2
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Straying from or deliberately breaking the social norm
Social behavior with a certain context
Expected with each situation
Prestige/rank in society
Define Status Set
Set of ranks
e.g. Family structure (elder son vs youngest son)
Define Status Inconsistency
An irregularity in status
e.g. Youngest son beats oldest
Define Ascribed Status
A born into status
e.g. Gender, handicapped, color
Define Achieved Status
An earned or worked for status
e.g. Occupational status; Doctor
Define Master Status
One's most notable status
e.g. Bill Clinton = Former President or Filandering President
A negative label from deviant behavior
What is the Context of Deviant Behavior
A social sanction or law results from deviant behavior
What are the 3 Types of Deviance?
- 1. Stigmas
- 2. Mental Illness
- 3. Substance Abuse
Define Crime / Criminology
The Study of formal deviance
Explain Legal Force
Properhood coercion deemed necessary to control / restrict / subdue a suspect and take the suspect into custody
Explain Normal Force
"Situational & Subjective"
Involves coercive acts that specific cops in specific situations deemed necessary, appropriate, & reasonable. Not always legitimate or admired
Explain Excessive Force
Coercion that can not be legimated; Illegal, immoral, illegitimate
Abstract and excessive
Define Social Stratification
- Income / Wealth
- Educational attainment
- Occupational prestige
The total assest and liabilities
Define the Estate System
Define the Caste System
Define the Open-Class System
The "American dream" idea
The pursuit of individual wealth / owning of property
What are Karl Marx's 4 Inequalities of Power?
- 1. Capitalists / Bourgeoise - Owns means of production
- 2. Petty Bourgeoise - Upper management
- 3. Proletariat - Working class
- 4. Lumpenproletariat - Dicarded people of society
What are the 6 Levels of the Open-Class System?
- 1. Upper Class - "Nouveau Rich" Bill Gates
- 2. Upper Middle Class - Realistic Rich
- 3. Middle Class - 45% of population
- 4. Lower Middle Class
- 5. Lower Class
- 6. Urban Underclass
What are the 4 Workforce Sectors?
- 1. Professional - Upper middle class - Doctor, lawyer
- 2. Clerical - Secretarial, administration
- 3. Blue Collar - Working Class / Labor
- 4. Service - Waitressing
What are the 3 Factors of Socioeconomic Status?
- 1. Income
- 2. Educational Attainment
- 3. Occupational Prestige
What are the 3 Factors of Modern Classification?
- 1. Core - Stable, wealthy economy
- 2. Semiperipheral - Economy on way to industrialization
- 3. Peripheral - Unstable economy, have the most natural resources
Define the Dependency Theory
Poor exploited by the rich
Define the Modernization Theory
Blaming poverty is their fault
What are the 5 Consequences of Global Stratification?
- 1. Population
- 2. Health & Environment
- 3. Education & Illiteracy
- 4. Gender Inequality
- 5. War & Terrorism
Socially constructed category where superior/inferior value is assigned to biological characteristics
Define Ethnic Group
Social category of people who share cultural characteristics
Define Dominant Group
Assigns racial/ethnic group to subordinate status by virtue of their power
Define Minority Group
Any distinct group in society that shares common characteristics but is forced to occupy an oppressed status
Define Racial Formation
The process in which groups come to be defined as a race/racial groups in society
How is an Ism created?
Thought + Action = Ism
Predjudice + Discrimination = Racism
Explain Traditional / Old Fashioned Racism
Overt inferior perception / treatment of groups supported by institutions
Jim Crow Laws
Define Institutional Racism
Normal operations & procedures of social institutions create unequal treatment for racial / ethnic groups
Define Modern Racism
Subtle form of racism that posits racial inequality
No longer exits in America. Blame the Victim
The legalized ownership and exploitation of one human being over another
Define Affirmitive Action
Any federal or state institution that receives financial support from the Gov't must make a "Good faith efforts" to increase the pool of qualified applicants
What are the 6 Similarities Between the Sludge Testing and Tuskegee Programs?
- 1. Poor
- 2. African American
- 3. Official Capacity - Trust / protection
- 4. "Sweetened the deal" / Attractive deal
- 5. Lied to instead, informed consent
- 6. Unethical
Define Gender Stratification
The hierarchal distribution of social and economic resources that ultimately oppresses women
Men have power over women
What are the 3 Factors of the Feminist Theory?
- 1. Social & not biological
- 2. Women's concerns, ideas, & experiences should be treated with equal seniority to affect lasting social change & "equality" on behalf of women
- 3. Structural changes to the political social system
What was the 3 Factors of the First Wave of Feminism in the 19th Century?
- 1. Education
- 2. Abolitionism
- 3. Sufferage
What was the 3 Factors in the 2nd Wave of Feminism?
- 1. WWII
- 2. Technology
- 3. Sexual Revolution
What are the 3 Types of Feminism?
- 1. Liberal Feminism - Looks at past traditions as the root of oppression
- 2. Socialist Feminism - Capitalism is responsible for oppression
- 3. Radical Feminism - Patriarchy is the root of oppression, Men have control over women's bodies
What are the 2 Factors of the Dual Labor Market?
- 1. Primary - Has more men and better jobs
- 2. Secondary - Has limited women, and pushed for with feminism
Define Gender Apartheid
Extreme gender stratification that approaches or comprises "Human Rights" violations
What are the 6 Conditions That Exist in Society Where Women are More "Nearly" Equal to Men?
- 1. Women's work is central to economy
- 2. Work is not highly segregated
- 3. Men contribute to household work
- 4. Women have access to education
- 5. Women have access to formal power
- 6. Religious support for gender inequality is not strong
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