The Stalin Era

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  1. Stalin was born under what family and learned his polictics under who
    Georgian family in Gori, Georgia. He started as a part of Alexander III russification campaign
  2. How was Stalins educational experience? What did this lead him to
    A promising student he had a bright future but either due to inability to afford school or lack of studies he was expelled in 1899. Being rejected by traditional  path lead him to radical communist ideas
  3. Where di Stalin organize protests and strikes? This lead to what
    oil city of Baku, leading to his arrest and imprisonment in Siberia
  4. For what reason did Stalin get what knickname while in Siberia
    Ability to withstand brutal conditions earned him the name Steel
  5. Following the death of Lenin, who were the three lleft wing leaders to take his place
    Leon Trotsky, Nicholas Bukharin and Sralin
  6. What was Leon Trotsky's ideas 
    radical leftist he regarded global revolution and ignored the domestic issues
  7. What were Nicholas Bukharin's ideas
    shared beliefs with Trotsky about globalization, but recognized the need for patience
  8. And how were Stalins views after the death of Lenin 
    Sought Socialism in One Country which focused on the domestic issues and solidifying of Socialism in one place first
  9. What was the Politburo
    Political Bureau of the Central Committee
  10. Who generated the plans for the Five Year plans
    Gosplan or, Central Planning Comission
  11. When was the first five year plan
  12. What was the first Five Year plan (1928-32)
    • Rapid industrialization (even though industrialization wasn't a marxist idea, it was necessary for true socialism to take root). 
    • Agricultural Collectivization
  13. What were the two types of farms under the First Five Year plan
    • Sovkhoz, agricultural factories owned by the state
    • Kolkhoz, farming gear was provided by the state in exchange for taxes, seeds and goods. Farmers would recieve shares based on their production and remainders kept
  14. When was the second five year plan
  15. What was the focus of the Second Five Year plan (1933-37)
    heavy industry and emphasis on steel production and military hardware, development of the Soviet infrastructure and completion of collectivization
  16. What was the outcome of the second five year plan (1933-37)
    Less successful than the first plan, still though industrial output and agricultural output increased
  17. When was the third five year plan
  18. What was the third five year plan (1938-41)
    Rapid industrial growth with emphasis on expanding the military in fear of the German war machine
  19. What was the human cost of the first three five year plans
    Displacement of over 5 million families with an estimated 24 million people affected and half of them dead
  20. What was stalin's act of domestic terrorism known as
    The Great Purge
  21. What leader of the Leningrad party was assasinated
    Sergei Kirov, Stalin presented the assasination as a lareg scale conspiracy.
  22. When, how and where was Trotsky murdered
    By Stalin's agents in Mexico in 1940
  23. What Bolsheviks were publicly prosecuted as being associated with Trotsky
    Lev Kamenv, Grigory Zinoviev, Nikolai Bukharin, Alexi Rykov
  24. By the end of 1930s what percent of Bolsheviks were removed from office, exiled or executed
  25. How were Stalin's purges formally institutionalized
    With the establishment of the People's Commissariat of INternal Affairs (NKVD) and the NKVD Troika
  26. What is the difference between the NKVD and the NKVD Troika
    NKVD was a secret state police and the NKVD Troika was a panel of judges
  27. What was Article 58
    Stalin's broadly defined, constantly changing laws that vaguely defined treasonous activity
  28. About how many people died during Stalin's reign of terror? How many were arrested by the NKVD and or disappeared, and what group is not included in these figures
    About 700,000 died with another 7 million having been arrested of disappeared and those lost in Gulags are not included.
  29. What year was the USSR consitution written? What year did Stalin have a new one written
    1924 was the USSR consitution and in 1936 was Stalin's version
  30. The 1936 consitution consisted of how many Soviet Republics? Which specific countries were included? RAT BAT GUUK
    11 republics including Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkmensitan, Belorussia, Armenia, Tajikstan, Georgia, Uzbekistan, Ukraine and Kirgizstan
  31. What was the initial position of the USSR with the growning threat of the Nazi war machine? What position did they take? Leading to what pact?
    The initial position was of alliance with Britian and France but later Stalin shifted to negotiations with Germany in the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
  32. What was the secret protocal of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
    Germany and USSR would divide East-Central and Nothern Europe into spheres of influence
  33. With what assualt and what date did WWII begin
    With German invasion of Poland on September 1 1939
  34. What was the Red Army expected to do as compliance with the Pact
    On September 17 they invaded the eastern half of Poland, annexing Belorussia and Ukraine
  35. What date did Hitler break the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact?
     With the invasion of the USSR on June 22, 1941
  36. What lead to Stalin's surprise about Hitler's invasion
    He didn't think Hitler would fight a two front war and was hesitant on a counter offensive
  37. How did Germany push from the north? Form the south? and from the central front?
    From the north with the help of Finns to Leningrad, from the south the Nazi'z pushed on Kiev and from the central front the Germans pressed and surrounded Moscow on three sides
  38. What was the German offensive titled
    Operation Barbosa
  39. What were the reasons for the failure of Operation Barbarosa
    The skillfull leadership of the Red Army generals, the will of the soviet citizens and the harsh winters
  40. The Germans second offensive attacked form which positions
    Southern boarders
  41. Russian invaders of Germany were welcomed and viewed as what?
  42. Up until what moment did the Russia stay out of the pacific theatre
    Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  43. How did soviet citizens view the Nazi invaders
    Liberators of the totalitarian Stalinist regime
  44. How many casualties did USSR face by the end of WWII
    20-27 million
  45. Who were the "cosmopolitans"
    code word for jews in soviet propoganda
  46. How did Stalin handle jews
    "rootless cosmopolitanism" were Stalin said jews were a cause of problem against socialism and they were denied things like emigration rights, limited ability to work in higher education, and targeted for discriminatory practices
  47. What year was the fourth five year plan
  48. What was the fourth five year plan (1946-50)
    • rebuilding of destroyed citites and taking advantage of this to modernize infrastructure
    • rebuilding of financial system to improve overall living conditions
  49. How was the success of the fouth five year plan (1946-50)
    It was a great success with rapid growth in the domestic economy generated by international support but distribution of wealth and growth was sporadic and uneven
  50. When was the fifth five year plan
  51. What was the focus of the fifth five year plan
    new military provisions and aeronuatical investments: Stalin didn't live to see the fifth plan completed
  52. In february 19454 Stalin met where and with who for what reason
    U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Pirme Minister Winston Churchill on the crimean peninsula for the Yalta Conference
  53. What was the Yalta Conference
    USSR, US, and Britian agreed to divide Germany into three spheres of influence - Stalin made the demand of Soviet influence in the ECE
  54. What countries of the ECE aided Germany in WWII? How did Stalin treat these countries following the ending of the war
    Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria: Stalin prohibited them from accepting funds from the Marshall Plan
  55. What was formed because of the dependency of ECE states following WWII
    Council for Mutual Economic Assistance or Comecon in 1949
  56. The Warsaw pact was a resonse to what
    The west's establishment of NATO
Card Set:
The Stalin Era

Social Science Section III
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