Practice Exam 4 PSY 201

Card Set Information

Author:
bcusimano
ID:
185807
Filename:
Practice Exam 4 PSY 201
Updated:
2012-11-28 00:25:08
Tags:
Psychology
Folders:

Description:
Classical and Opperant Conditioning
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user bcusimano on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. After a week at college, Jon has formed a mental representation of the layout of the campus and no longer gets lost. Jon has developed a
    cognitive map
  2. When Adam observed his sister being scolded after she hit another child, Adam also discontinued hitting other children. This best illustrates the impact of
    vicarious punishment
  3. Using rewards to bribe people to engage in an activity they already enjoy is most likely to inhibit
    intrinsic motivation
  4. A child who is punished for swearing at home but reinforced for swearing on the school playground is most likely to demonstrate a patterned habit of swearing that is indicative of
    discrimination
  5. The predictability rather than the frequency of CS-US associations appears to be crucial for classical conditioning. This highlights the importance of __ in conditioning.
    cognitive processes
  6. In Pavlov's original experiment with dogs, the meat served as
    US
  7. According to B.F. Skinner, human behavior is controlled primarily by
    external influences
  8. The highest and most consistent rate of response is produced by a __ schedule.
    variable-ratio
  9. Every Saturday morning, Arnold quickly washes the family's breakfast dishes so that his father will allow him to wash his car. In this instance, washing the car is a(n)
    positive reinforcer
  10. A learned association between behaviors and resulting events is central to
    operant conditioning
  11. Online testing systems and interactive software are applications using the operant conditioning principles of
    shaping and immediate reinforcement
  12. Desensitization and imitation are two factors that contribute to
    the violence-viewing effect
  13. Blake is a carpet installer who wants to be paid for each square foot of carpet he lays rather than with an hourly wage. Blake prefers working on a __ schedule of reinforcement.
    fixed-ratio
  14. In Watson and Rayner's experiment, the loud noise was the __ and the white rat was the __.
    US; CS
  15. A stimulus that acquires reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer is called a __ reinforcer.
    conditioned
  16. Watching the night sky for shooting stars is likely to be reinforced on a __ schedule.
    variable-interval
  17. PUnishment __ the rate of operant responding, and negative reinforcement __ the rate of operant responding.
    decreases; increases
  18. An animal trainer is teaching a miniature poodle to balance on a ball. Initially, he gives the poodle a treat for approaching the ball, then only for placing its front paws on the ball, and finally only for climbing on the ball. The trainer is using the method of
    successive approximations
  19. When Adam observed his sister being scolded after she hit another child, Adam also discontinued hitting other children. This best illustrates the impact of
    vicarious punishment
  20. According to B.F. Skinner, human behavior is controlled primarily by
    external influences
  21. In Watson and Rayner's experiment, the loud noise was the __ and the white rat was the __.
    US; CS
  22. An empathic husband who sees his wife in pain will exhibit some of the same brain activity she is showing. According to many researchers, this best illustrates the functioning of
    mirror neurons
  23. Alex learned to babysit and care for young children effectively by observing the many ways his mother carefully nurtured his own younger siblings. This best illustrates the value of observational learning for promoting
    prosocial behaviors
  24. The study of respondent behavior is to __ as the study of operant behavior is to __.
    Pavlov; Skinner
  25. To assess whether Mrs. Webster had suffered from a brain injury, researchers conditioned her to blink in response to a sound that signaled the delivery of a puff of air directed toward her face. In this application of classical conditioning, the sound was a
    CS
  26. In classical conditioning, a stimulus that elicits no response before conditioning is called a(n)
    neutral stimulus
  27. Asking women for dates is most likely to be reinforced on a __ schedule.
    variable-ratio
  28. Psychologists define learning as the process of
    acquiring new information or relatively enduring behaviors
  29. A stimulus that acquires reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer is called a __ reinforcer.
    conditioned
  30. After learning to fear a white rat, Little Albert responded with fear to the sight of a rabbit. This best illustrates the process of
    generalization
  31. Resistance to extinction is most strongly encouraged by __ reinforcement.
    intermittent
  32. A fixed-interval schedule of reinforcement is one in which a response is reinforced only after a(n)
    specified time period has elapsed
  33. Desensitization and imitation are two factors that contribute to
    the violence-viewing effect
  34. Watching the night sky for shooting stars is likely to be reinforced on a __ schedule.
    variable-interval
  35. A learned association between two stimuli is central to
    classical conditioning
  36. A child who is punished for swearing at home but reinforced for swearing on the school playground is most likely to demonstrate a patterned habit of swearing that is indicative of
    discrimination
  37. Blake is a carpet installer who wants to be paid for each square foot of carpet he lays rather than with an hourly wage. Blake prefers working on a __ schedule of reinforcement.
    fixed-ratio

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview