History of Theatre 3

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Author:
mcleo103
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185864
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History of Theatre 3
Updated:
2012-11-28 11:58:09
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Theatre History
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Third History of Theatre Test
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  1. Spanish Golden Age Time Period
    1580-1680
  2. Spanish Golden Age Main Themes
    • Honor and Vengenance
    • Kind of shallow, so we don't perform them any more
  3. Crusades
    Christians battling against the Muslims
  4. Acts of the Sacarments
    • Carros
    • Autos
    • Performed in town squares
    • Feast pf Corpus Christi
  5. Carros
    Structure of stage
  6. Autos
    The actual play
  7. Lope de’ Rueda
    Most successful actor manager of the day 1510-1565
  8. Miguel de’Cervantes
    • (1547-1616)
    • Don Quixote (1605) – a novel
  9. Comedia
    • o Loa – (compliment ) or prologue
    • o Entremeses – (interludes) short topical sketches performed between acts, some sung some spoken,
    • o Dance – ended play
    • o Pasos – short farces that every dramatist also wrote
  10. Loa
    (compliment ) or prologue
  11. Entremeses
    (interludes) short topical sketches performed betweenacts, some sung some spoken,
  12. Dance
    Ended Play
  13. Pasos
    short farces that every dramatist also wrote
  14. Lope De Vega
    • (1562-1635) - The Sheep Well (1614)-
    • Very flamboyant, ended up being a priest
  15. Pedro Calderon de la Barca
    Life is a Dream (1636)
  16. Corrales
    Open Air Theatres
  17. The Bull
    Only remaining open air theatre
  18. The Coliseo
    First roofed theatre built in the Buen Retiro Palace in 1640
  19. English Restoration
    Playwrights
    Were paid by sharing companies
  20. Managers
    Now assume all financial risk and reward
  21. Betterton and Garrick
    First famous actor managers
  22. John Webb
    Scenic Designer
  23. Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg
    1772 – oversaw all elements (lights,props, costumes, etc.)
  24. The Argand lamp
    1785
  25. David Garrick
    • changed things – thought actors should base theiracting on observations of life
    • (1740s to 1776)
  26. Conventions of their “realism”
    • Audience would clap if actors did something they liked
    • High speaking
    • Low speaking (level speaking)
  27. Thomas Betterton
    • Actor
    • (1660-1709) – on stage
  28. Nell Gwynn
    • Actor
    • (1665-69 on stage) – mistress of the king
  29. The English Restoration
    • Charles I wanted absolute monarchy
    • The people wanted nothing to do with monarchy
    • So they killed Charles I
    • Oliver Cromwell & Puritans shut down the theatre
    • Charles II put in power 1660 – libertine theatre
  30. Rhodes
    Opera Backdrop
  31. William Davenant
    • Wrote the Siege of Rhodes
    • He eventually stages at the Pheonix/Cockpit in which a proscenium arch waserected. Chariot & Pull, raked stage
  32. The Re-establishment of the Theatre – Meaning of “The Restoration”
    Sir Henry Herbert becomes Master of Revels
  33. King returns and issues only 2 licences in London, closing down the others.
    • These remain in effect until 1843 – hampering the growth of the British Theatre.
    • Women can be on stage/act
  34. Katherine Philips
    • –Pompey (1663)—a heroic tragedy
    • Contrived happy ending
  35. John Dryden
    • – The Indian Queen (1664)
    • Heroic tragedy
  36. George Villiers, second Duke of Buckingham
    • Heroic Tragedy
    • The Rehearsal
  37. Dryden
    • Neoclassical Tragedy
    • All For Love –
  38. Thomas Shadwell
    • Comedy of Humours
    • The Humourists
  39. Aphra Behn
    • Comedy of Intrigue
    • The Rover part 1 and 2
  40. Treaty of Paris 1763
    French Lost to the British
  41. Treaty of Paris 1783
    British lost to the French
  42. 1660
    Charles II restored to the throne
  43. Giovanni Burnacini
    designer, costume & sceneryo Commonwealth happening at this time (Puritans rule)
  44. Scena Per Anglo
    vistas off to the side/asymmetrical vanishingpointRococo was also asymmetrical
  45. Opera Buffa
    changed design in the late 18th century
  46. Sir George Etherege
    The Man of Mode (1676)
  47. William Wycherley
    • of special importance.
    • The Country Wife (1675
    • The Plain Dealer (1676)
  48. William Congreve
    Love for Love (1699)The Way of The World (1700)
  49. Jeremy Collier
    A short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage (1698)
  50. George Farquhar
    • The Recruiting Officer (1706)
    • The Beaux’ Stratagem (1707)
  51. Giovanni Batista Piranesi
    Influenced designers to draw with light and shadow
  52. Carlo Goldoni
    o Idealized lower & middle classo The Servant of Two Masters (1743)o most successful commedia play evero he dissed the upper classo scripted – which was very differento eliminating improv was very radicalo also eliminated masks
  53. Carlo Gozzi
    King Stag (1762)o Objected to Goldoni’s idea of plays – didn’t agree with his style Took his subjects from fairytales
  54. Voltaire
    Very philosophical interests- Very complex plots, involved character relationships- Rejected neoclassicismBrought violence & ghosts on stageReligion is only useful if it produces tangible resultsKicked the audience off stage Oedipe (1718) Zaire (1732)
  55. Floren-Carton Dancourt
    The Fashionable Gentlemen
  56. Denis Diderot
    • Introduces “the 4th wall” – act as if the audience does not exist.
    • Foreshadowed realism
    • Wanted realism
  57. Beaumarchais
    • The Barber of Seville
    • The Marriage of Figaro
  58. Vaudeville
    • Fair troupes invent Vaudeville
    • Comedies-en-vaudevilles

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