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Nikita Khrushchev was born when and to what type of family
In 1894-71 to a peasant calss family in western russia near Ukraine
What work did Khrushchev have at a young age that kept him off the battle field in WWI
Although Khrushchev sided believed in communism he was more measured siding with who initially
The Mensheviks against eh Bolsheviks and later with Trotsky against Stalin
Khrushchev earned what high honor for doing what?
The Order of Lenin for the overseeing of the completion of the Moscow metro system
After Stalin's death Khrushchev was left out of succession calulations, what other individuals were kept in mind ahead of Khrushchev
- Geprgy Malenkov, close advisor of Stalin emerged as Party Secretary and Prime Minister but within a couple weeks he resigned.
- Malenkov passed his power to Lavrentiy Beria, Stalin's chief of the NKVD
- Vyacheslav Molotov, architect of the secret pact with Germany
QUICK! WHAT WAS TEH SECRET PACT WITH GERMANY?
What secured Khrushchev's position of leader of the party
Complicated political manuevers which got Molotov and Beria arrested and killed
What unpecedented move did Khrushchev use to secure power
Delievered a speech to the Twentieth Part Congress in February of 1956 where he denounced Stalin as tyrannical and cruel
Who did Khrushchev give his speech to? How long was it? And waht specifically did he criticize Stalin of
- Twentieth Party Congress in February of 1956
- 40 hour speech
- Detailed Stalin's crimes including the Great Purges, labor camps, inadequate preparation for WWII
What was the effect of Khrushchev"s speech
It marginalized his political enemies and gained popular support
When was the sixth five year plan
What was the sixth five year plan 1956-60
General it as the same as the fifth plan. Overly ambitious with production goals beyond limits: After three year it was seent he plan would fall short
When was the seventh five year plan
What was the seventh five year plan 1959-65
- Recalibrated teh economic systems given newly found resources.
- Shifted focus to natural resources, chemical production, improved consumer goods, and expansion of state welfare
How was the success of the seventh five year plan 1959-65
Initial success posting high economic growth, increasing housing, and improving overall wellbeing. The plan fell short though as it began to slow down casting a shadow over Khrushchev's final years
How did Khrushchev try to reduce Stalin's importance amongst the people
Removing his body from the mausoleum on Red Square, tearing down statuary depicting the leader, and changing the anmes of cities and buildings that bore Stalin's name
What was the Virign lands
Attempt to recruit thousands of volunteers to settle in the vast, untouched agricultural lands of Kazahkstan and Western Siberia
What year was the Cuban Missle Crisis
After Stalin's falling in 1952 workers in which Polish city striked? How did Khrushchev respond to this
Poznan; Khrushchev met with Wladyslaw Gomulka (Party Secutary of Polish Communist Party) and told him to get his bitches in check
So a Gomulka crossed the road and entered a bar, he met a Khrushchev. While talking to the Khrushchev Gomulka told him how he planned to handle the Polish worker revolts
That he would regain control as he didn't with to end to socialist programs. But that any Soviet military actions would be met with force
Who took control after Khrushchev? He made what arguement
Leonid Brezhnev who argued the failings of the sitting leader and amde the public arguement that Khrushchev be removed from office
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