Module 10 - The Musculoskeletal System

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Author:
litheopolis
ID:
186025
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Module 10 - The Musculoskeletal System
Updated:
2012-11-29 06:48:25
Tags:
muscles nskeleton ngreco nlatin nterminology nmedicine nbiology
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Greco-Latin terminologies in medical and biological sciences, Module 10
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  1. lamin-
    lamina [pl. laminae]; thin, flat layer (or membrane)
  2. oste-
    oss-
    osse-
    bone
  3. crani-
    cranium; skull
  4. ethmoid-
    ethmoid bone
  5. front-
    frontal bone; forehead bone
  6. mast-*
    mastoid-
    mastoid process [a process is a projection or outgrowth of bone]
  7. occipit-
    occiput; occipital bone
  8. pariet-
    parietal bone; any "wall" (in a cavity or organ)
  9. sphen-
    sphenoid bone; a wedge-shaped bone
  10. tempor-
    temporal bone; temple bone
  11. mal-
    zygomat-
    zygomatic-
    cheek; cheek bone; malar bone; zygomatic bone
  12. coccyg-
    coccyx; tail bone
  13. rachi-
    spin-
    • spinal column
    • *[following a vowel, rachi- frequently becomes rrhachi-]
  14. sacr-
    sacrum; triangular pelvic bone
  15. spondyl-
    vertebr-
    vertebra [pl. vertabrae]
  16. acromi-
    acromion; the lateral projection of the shoulder blade
  17. cleid-
    clavic-
    clavicul-
    clavicle; collar bone
  18. cost-
    rib
  19. cox-
    hip; hip joint
  20. ili-
    ilium; upper pelvic bone
  21. ischi-
    ischium; lower pelvic bone
  22. scapul-
    scapula; shoulder blade
  23. stern-
    sternum; breast bone
  24. carp-*
    carpus; carpal bone; wrist; wrist bone: [wrist joint or one or more of the bones that make up the wrist joint]
  25. humer-
    humerus; upper arm bone
  26. metacarp-
    metacarpal; bone radiating from the wrist to fingers
  27. olecran-
    olecranon; elbow
  28. phalang-
    phalanx [pl. phalanges]; finger bone; toe bone
  29. radi-
    radius; the shorter of the lower arm bones
  30. uln-
    ulna; the longer of the lower arm bones
  31. acetabul-
    acetabulum; hip bone socket [into which femur sits]
  32. calcane-
    calcaneus; heel bone
  33. condyl-
    condyle; knucle [of the fingers or toes]; rounded bone protuberance [which articulates with another bone]
  34. femor-
    femur; thigh bone
  35. fibul-
    fibula; smaller bone of the lower leg
  36. malleol-
    malleolus; ankle protuberance
  37. patell-
    patella; knee cap
  38. tal-
    talus; ankle bone
  39. tars-
    tarsus; tarsal bone; ankle; ankle bone
  40. metatars-
    metatarsus; metatarsal bone; bone radiating from the ankle to the toes
  41. tibi-
    tibia; shin bone [larger bone of the lower leg]
  42. fasci-
    fascia; connective tissue enclosing a muscle
  43. my-
    myos-
    muscul-
    muscle
  44. arthr-
    articul-
    joint
  45. burs-
    bursa; sac of synovial fluid
  46. chondr-
    cartilag-
    cartilagin-
    cartilage
  47. desm-
    syndesm-
    ligament-
    ligament
  48. disk-
    disk
  49. fibr-
    fibros-
    fibrous tissue
  50. synovi-
    synovial fluid; fluid that lubricates the joint; synovial membrane
  51. ten-
    tend-
    tendon
  52. ankyl-
    crooked; bent; stiff; fixed; fused; imperforated
  53. lei-
    smooth
  54. phylact-
    protective (of something) [with suffix -ic]; protective against (something) [with suffix -ic]; protective by means of (a substance or process)
  55. rhabd-
    • rod; rod-shaped; skeletal; striated
    • *[when rhabd- precdes the root my-, it denotes skeletal or striated muscle; when it is used with other roots, it denotes a rod or rod-shaped structure]
  56. skelet-
    skeletal
  57. -agra
    sudden and severe pain
  58. -asthenia
    absence of stength; weakness
  59. -clast
    instrument used to break
  60. -desis
    • surgical immobilization; surgical fusion
    • *[if this termination is used with the prefix syn-, you must avoid redundancy by ignoring the prefix]
  61. -ferous
    • bearing; containing
    • *[preceded by the connecting vowel i]
  62. -paresis
    slight paralysis
  63. -phylaxis
    protection (of something); protection against (something); protection by means of (a substance or process)
  64. -sthenia
    strength

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