Module 9 - The Mouth and the Digestive System

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litheopolis
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186027
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Module 9 - The Mouth and the Digestive System
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2012-11-29 06:59:14
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mouth ndigestive system greco latin terminology medicine biology
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Greco-Latin terminologies in medical and biological sciences, Module 9
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  1. adamant-
    adamantin-
    amel-
    enamel
  2. alve-
    alveol-
    tooth socket; socket; cavity
  3. append-
    appendic-
    appendix
  4. cholang-
    bile duct
  5. cholecyst-
    bile bladder; gall bladder
  6. choledoch-
    common bile duct
  7. col-
    colon-
    colon; large intestine
  8. duoden-
    duodenum; the first part of the small intestine
  9. enter-
    intestines
  10. epipl-
    oment-
    omentum; fatty membrane lining the abdominal cavity
  11. esophag-
    oesophag-
    esophagus
  12. gastr-
    stomach-
    stomach
  13. gingiv-
    gums
  14. gloss-
    lingu-
    tongue; language
  15. hepat-
    liver
  16. hepatic-
    hepatic duct
  17. ile-
    ileum
  18. jejun-
    jejunum
  19. mandibul-
    mandible; lower jaw
  20. maxill-
    maxilla; upper jaw
  21. odont-
    dent-
    tooth; teeth
  22. pancreat-
    pancreas
  23. pancreatic-
    pancreatic duct
  24. peritone-
    peritoneum; serous membrane lining the abdominal cavity
  25. proct-
    rect-
    rectum; anus; rectum and anus
  26. ptyal-
    sial-
    saliva
  27. pylor-
    pylorus; lower portion of stomach
  28. sphincter-
    sphincter; circular msucle [which closes an orifice]
  29. splanchn-
    viscer-
    viscera; the internal organs [collectively]
  30. staphyl-
    uvul-
    uvula
  31. stom-
    stomat-
    or-
    mouth
  32. typhl-
    caec-
    cec-
    cecum; the first part of large intestine
  33. ul-
    gums; scar
  34. uran-
    uranisc-
    palat-
    palate
  35. acr-
    extremities [of the body]; height; tip(s)
  36. anomal-
    irregular
  37. ather-
    yellowish plaque
  38. bromat-
    sit-
    food
  39. febr-
    • fever
    • [followed by the connecting vowel i]
  40. heter-
    different; other
  41. hom-*
    home-
    homoi-
    same; unchanging
  42. phag-
    the act of eating; (or, of chewing; biting; swallowing; devouring)
  43. troph-
    nutri-
    nutrit-
    • nutrition
    • [troph- may also mean "growth" in certain contexts]
  44. anter-
    before; front; in front
  45. dextr-
    right
  46. dist-
    distal; farthest [from the centre or point of reference]
  47. dors-
    back
  48. extern-
    outside
  49. infer-
    below
  50. intern-
    inside
  51. lev-
    left; counter-clockwise
  52. poster-
    behind
  53. proxim-
    proximal; nearest [from the centre or point of reference]
  54. retr-
    behind; backward
  55. sinistr-
    left
  56. super-*
    above
  57. tel-
    tele-
    end [noun]; distant; at a distance [adj.]
  58. ventr-*
    front
  59. -pepsia
    digestion
  60. -clasis
    -clasia
    act of breaking (something) up
  61. -clysis
    irrigation
  62. -plasia
    proliferation; growth; development [in reference to tissue or cells]
  63. -phage
    one that eats [one = any life form]
  64. -phagia
    -phagy
    the act of eating (or, of chewing; biting; swallowing; devouring)
  65. -schisis
    the act of splitting
  66. -tripsy
    -tripsis
    the act of crushing (or, of rubbing); friction
  67. -trophy
    nutrition; growth

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