Pratice Exam 4 Continued

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Pratice Exam 4 Continued
2012-11-29 10:58:11
PSY 201

Classical Conditioning Opperant Conditioning
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  1. To assess whether Mrs. Webster had suffered from a brain injury, researchers conditioned her to blink in response to a sound that signaled the delivery of a puff of air directed toward her face. In this application of classical conditioning, the sound was a
  2. Alex learned how to make 3-point basketball shots by successfully making very short shots before shooting from increasingly longer distances from the hoop. This learning strategy best illustrates the process of
  3. Mason, a stockbroker, runs two miles every day after work because it reduces his level of stress. Mason's running habit is maintained by a __ reinforcer.
  4. A partial reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response that occurs after an unpredictable period of time is a __ schedule.
  5. The reappearance, after a time lapse, of an extinguished CR is called
    spontaneous recovery
  6. Desensitization and imitation are two factors that contribute to
    the violence-viewing effect
  7. Online testing systems and interactive software are applications using the operant conditioning principles of
    shaping and immediate reinforcement
  8. A fixed-interval schedule of reinforcement is one in which a response is reinforced only after a(n)
    specified time period has elapsed
  9. A child who is punished for swearing at home but reinforced for swearing on the school playground is most likely to demonstrate a patterned habit of swearing that is indicative of
  10. According to B.F. Skinner, human behavior is controlled primarily by
    external influences
  11. Jill loves to read and enjoys looking up the meanings of words she does not know. In school, her teacher promises a gold star to students each time they learn a new word. The teacher's behavior is most likely to undermine
    intrinsic motivation
  12. A dog salivates to the sound of a tone because the tone has regularly been associated with the delivery of food. In this case, the tone is called a(n)
    conditioned stimulus
  13. In Watson and Rayner's experiment, the loud noise was the __ and the white rat was the __.
    US; CS
  14. Matt regularly buckles his seat belt simply because it turns off the car's irritating warning buzzer. This best illustrates the value of
    negative reinforcement
  15. A pigeon is consistently reinforced with food for pecking a key after seeing an image of a human face, but not reinforced for pecking after seeing other images. By signaling that a pecking response will be reinforced, the image of a human face is a(n)
    discriminative stimulus
  16. Asking women for dates is most likely to be reinforced on a __ schedule.
  17. The fact that learning can occur without reinforcement is most clearly demonstrated by studies of
    latent learning
  18. A Skinner box is a(n)
    chamber containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a reward
  19. In a well-known experiment, preschool children pounded and kicked a large inflated Bobo doll that an adult had just beaten on. This experiment served to illustrate the importance of
    observational learning
  20. Blake is a carpet installer who wants to be paid for each square foot of carpet he lays rather than with an hourly wage. Blake prefers working on a __ schedule of reinforcement.