Disciplined teams supervised by black drivers and white oveerseers. Used to increase work output and profit.
Out of black revival meetings in virginia arose an elaborate plan in 1800 (devised by gabriel prosser, the brother of a black preacher) for a slave rebellion and attack on richmond. the plan was discovered and the rebellion forestalled by whites, but revivalism continued to stir racial unrest in the south. 3: 1775-182
inspired by the revolutionary spirit and actions of slaves during the 1791 haitian revolution, this leader began to plan a slave rebellion. the plot called for vesey and his group of slaves and free blacks to execute their enslavers and temporarily liberate the city of charleston. his followers planned to sail to haiti to escape retaliation. two slaves opposed to vesey's scheme leaked the plot. charleston authorities charged men with conspiracy 35 hanged.
Denmark Vesey’s Rebellion
1831 rebellion started by a va slave who believed he received divine messages telling him the time was right for a rebellion, gathered 80 followers who killed 60 whites, turner eventually captured and executed. greatly increased tensions between whites and blacks across the south.
Nat Turner’s Rebellion
a belief shared by many americans in the mid-1800s that the united states should expand across the continent to the pacific ocean.
Original settler of texas, granted land from Mexico on condition of no slaves, convert to roman catholic, and learn spanish. Austin, Texas was named after him; Brought the first Americans into Texas because he was granted p.ermission by the Mexicans
the mexican dictator and military leader in the time of the alamo. when stephen austin went to negotiate with him, he shut him in jail for eight months. was the opposition to american texans. he wiped out texans at the alamo, however he surrendered to sam houston in 1836.
The mission in san antonio where in 1836 mexican forces under santa anna besieged and massacred american rebels who were fighting to make texas independent of mexico
United states politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for texas from mexico and to make it a part of the united states (1793-1863), first president of the republic of texas
Pioneer trail that began in missouri and crossed the great plains into the oregon territory; main route across the great plains and the rocky mountains; after the coming of the railroad, the trail fell into disuse and was finally abandoned in the 1870s
"dark horse" democratic candidate; acquired majority of the western us (mexican cession, texas annexation, oregon country), lowered tariffs, created independent treasury. 11 president.
General that was a military leader in mexican-american war and 12th president of the united states. sent by president polk to lead the american army against mexico at rio grande, but defeated.
anti-slavery whigs who opposed both the texas annexation and the mexican war on moral grounds.
bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the war with mexico. became a symbol of how intense dispute over slavery was in the u.s.
treaty that ended the mexican war, granting the u.s. control of texas, new mexico, and california in exchange for $15 million
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
opposed the expansion of slavery in new states (particularly out west) ; subcatagory of the republican party who were also abolitionists ; popular during the late antebellum period ; abe lincoln was the most influential person of this political party
free soil movement
the concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. people express themselves through voting and free participation in government
forestalled the civil war by instating the fugitive slave act , banning slave trade in dc, admitting california as a free state, splitting up the texas territory, and instating popular sovereignty in the mexican cession
Compromise of 1850
a law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders
Fugitive Slave Act
written by harriet beecher stowe in 1853 that highly influenced england's view on the american deep south and slavery. a novel promoting abolition. intensified sectional conflict.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
a declaration (1854) issued from ostend, belgium, by the u.s. ministers to england, france, and spain, stating that the u.s. would be justified in seizing cuba if spain did not sell it to the u.s.
this act set up kansas and nebraska as states. each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. people who were proslavery and antislavery moved to kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the act. this began guerrilla warfare.
senator from illinois, author of the kansas-nebraska act and the freeport doctrine, argues in favor of popular sovereignty using it on how to decide if a state if free or slave
political party that believed in the non-expansion of slavery and comprised of whigs, northern democrats, and free-soilers, in defiance to the slave powers
Met privately and remained secretive about their political agenda, rallied around a single issue: hatred of foreigners opposed to all immigration, strongly anti-catholic.
a sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-slavery elements that took place in kansas-nebraska territory. the dispute further strained the relations of the north and south, making civil war imminent.
1857 supreme court decision that stated that slaves were not citizens; that livig in a free state or territory, even for many years, did not free slaves; and declared the missouri compromise unconstitional
Dred Scott v. Sandford
16th president of the united states saved the union during the civil war and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by booth (1809-1865)
1858 senate debate, lincoln forced douglas to debate issue of slavery, douglas supported pop-sovereignty, lincoln asserted that slavery should not spread to territories, lincoln emerged as strong republican candidate
an abolitionist who attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing armories in southern territory and giving weapons to slaves, was hung in harpers ferry after capturing an armory