Vitamins and Mineral Functions

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Author:
jcu1
ID:
186195
Filename:
Vitamins and Mineral Functions
Updated:
2012-11-29 22:49:08
Tags:
vitamins minerals
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Description:
POP 3
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  1. Vitamin B1
    Thiamine

    • nervous system function
    • muscle function
    • enzyme processes
    • production of gastric acid
    • carb metabolism
  2. Vitamin B2
    Riboflavin

    • regular cell function, growth, energy production:
    • pyridoine activation
    • niacin formation
    • RBC and antibody formation
    • digestion
    • eye health
  3. Vitamin B3
    Niacin and Niacinamide

    • deficiency (pellagra):
    • skin disease
    • diarrhea
    • dementia
    • depression
  4. Vitamin B5
    Pantothenic Acid

    • metabolism of carbs, proteins and fats
    • synthesis of hormones and cholesterol
    • cell function
  5. Vitamin B6
    Pyridoxine

    • serotonin and NE synthesis
    • myelin formation and metabolism
  6. Vitamin B7
    Biotin

    • lipogenesis and gluconeogenesis
    • metabolism of AAs, cholesterol, fatty acids
    • gene expression
  7. Vitamin B9
    Folic Acid

    • genetic material
    • cell proliferation and growth
  8. Vitamin B12
    Cyanocobalamin

    protein and DNA synthesis
  9. Vitamin C
    Ascorbic Acid

    • formation of bones, cartilage, mucscle, blood vessles
    • synthesis of carnitine, thyroxin, norepinephrine, dopamine, lipids, proteins
    • Redox rxns and cellular respiration
    • carb, tyrosine and Fe metab
    • catabolism of cholesterol to bile acids
    • conversion of folic acid to folinic acid
    • antioxidant, helps maintain proper immune function
  10. Vitamin A
    Retinol

    growth and development
  11. Vitamin E
    alpha Tocopherol

    • immune function
    • cell signaling
    • metabolic processes
  12. Vitamin K
    Phylloquinone

    treats coagulation disorders
  13. Chromium
    • insulin sensitivity
    • energy production
  14. Iron
    • oxygen transport
    • metabolism
    • synthesis of neurotransmitters
  15. Magnesium
    cell membrane potential stability
  16. Potassium
    • muscle contraction
    • CV function
    • GU function
    • Nervous and digestive system
  17. Selenium
    • protect from oxidative damage
    • cell growth and survival
  18. Sodium
    • nerve and muscle function
    • fluid and electolyte balance
  19. Zinc
    • regulation of gene expression
    • protein folding
    • immunity

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