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modifies a noun.
Examples: yellow, pretty, useful
Adjectives have three degrees: Positive, Comparative, and Superlative.
Example: old, older, oldest
- specifies whether the noun is specific or a member of a class.
- The definite article "the" refers to specific objects.
- The indefinite articles "a", and "an" refer to an unspecified member of a class.
- The article "a" is used before a word starting with a consonant sound and "an" is used before a word starting with a vowel sound.
Examples: a, an, the
- - modifies a verb or an adjective.
- Many adverbs have the suffix -ly.
Examples: very, extremely, carefully
- Joins components of a sentence or phrase.
- Coordinating conjunctions join clauses which are equally important.
- A subordinating conjunction joins a dependent clause to a main clause.
- Some conjunctions occur in pairs, e.g., neither ... nor, either ... or.
- is used for exclamations.
Examples: Oh!, Aha!
- - names an object or action.
- Common nouns refer to ordinary things.
- Proper nouns are usually capitalized and refer to persons, specific things or specific places.
Examples: mouse, fire, Michael
- indicates relationship or relative position of objects.
Examples: in, about, toward
- - is used in place of a noun.
- Personal pronouns are used to refer to persons.
- Interrogative pronouns introduce questions.
- Demonstrative pronouns refer to a previously mentioned object or objects.
- Relative pronouns introduce clauses.
Examples: he, this
- - specifies an action or links the subject to a complement.
- The tense of a verb indicates the time when the action happened, e.g., past, present, of future.
Examples: take, is, go, fire