Parts of Speech (English)

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Author:
alohajacks
ID:
18643
Filename:
Parts of Speech (English)
Updated:
2010-05-10 15:38:30
Tags:
CELTA ESL English speech grammar
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Description:
The basic parts of English speech such as noun, verb, etc.
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  1. ADJECTIVE
    modifies a noun.

    Examples: yellow, pretty, useful

    Adjectives have three degrees: Positive, Comparative, and Superlative.

    Example: old, older, oldest
  2. ARTICLE
    • specifies whether the noun is specific or a member of a class.
    • The definite article "the" refers to specific objects.
    • The indefinite articles "a", and "an" refer to an unspecified member of a class.
    • The article "a" is used before a word starting with a consonant sound and "an" is used before a word starting with a vowel sound.

    Examples: a, an, the
  3. ADVERB
    • - modifies a verb or an adjective.
    • Many adverbs have the suffix -ly.

    Examples: very, extremely, carefully
  4. CONJUNCTION
    • Joins components of a sentence or phrase.
    • Coordinating conjunctions join clauses which are equally important.
    • A subordinating conjunction joins a dependent clause to a main clause.
    • Some conjunctions occur in pairs, e.g., neither ... nor, either ... or.
  5. Examples: and, but, or
  6. INTERJECTION
    - is used for exclamations.

    Examples: Oh!, Aha!
  7. NOUN
    • - names an object or action.
    • Common nouns refer to ordinary things.
    • Proper nouns are usually capitalized and refer to persons, specific things or specific places.

    Examples: mouse, fire, Michael
  8. PREPOSITION
    - indicates relationship or relative position of objects.

    Examples: in, about, toward
  9. PRONOUN
    • - is used in place of a noun.
    • Personal pronouns are used to refer to persons.
    • Interrogative pronouns introduce questions.
    • Demonstrative pronouns refer to a previously mentioned object or objects.
    • Relative pronouns introduce clauses.

    Examples: he, this
  10. VERB
    • - specifies an action or links the subject to a complement.
    • The tense of a verb indicates the time when the action happened, e.g., past, present, of future.

    Examples: take, is, go, fire

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