A and P lab
Card Set Information
A and P lab
regional anatomy for anatomy and physiology lab
Directly posterior to the frontal bone
These lie directly inferior to the parietal bones and from the sides of the skull and the lower sides and a portion of the floor of the cranial cavity
Found on the interior of the skull and forms a large "mountain" on the floor of the cranium
large bump that lies posterior to the ear
A spike-like projection that lies anterior to the mastoid process
Tube-like hole that is anterior to the mastoid process
external auditory meatus
This bone forms the posterior wall and a portion of the floor of the cranial cavity
Largest hole in the skull found in the occipital bone
Lateral to the foramen magnum are two rounded articular surfaces. What are they?
The superior portion of the nasal region
Bone directly superior to the upper teeth
Inferior to the maxilla and forms the lower jaw
Lateral to the maxilla
This bone lies at the medial aspect of the orbit and has a small opening into the lacrimal duct
This sinus lies in the central forehead region
Most anterior bone of the superior skull
Bone immediately inferior in to the parietal bone on the lateral skull
The most lateral bone of the face
Most medial bone of the orbit
Most superiof of the vertebrae
"Bump" on the superior, later humerus
Most distal bone of the arm
Structure inferior to the body of the sternum
Most anterior portion of a vertebra
lateral bone of the lower arm
a small bump inferior to the head of the radius
Pointed profection at the distal end of the ulna
styloid process of the ulna
a large bump posterior to the trochlear notch
small projection at the distal end of the trochlear notch
A smaller depression on the anterior aspect of the distal humerus
A small depression on the posterior aspect of the distal humerus
Large bumps just proximal to the condyles and can be felt on either side of the humerus
Lateral rounded condyle, that articulates with the radius
Mediul side of the humerus that articulates with the ulna
Lateral to the head of the humerus
large, rounded knob at the superior end of the humerus
The bone of the superior arm
This bone articulates with the scaapula in the region of the shoulder and with the radius and the ulna in the region of the elbow
A smaller projection which lies just inferior to the acromion process
The large, lateral extension of the scapular spine
This structure can be felt as a ridge in the superior, posterior shoulder region
The oval depression on the lateral side of the scapula
large, flat triangular bone located on the back of the shoulder area on each side of the body
These ribs have no connection to the sternum at all
These ribs use a shared costal cartilage connection
connectors between the ribs and the sternum
This cartilaginous structure is located at the inferior end of the sternum
This lies superior to the body of the sternum
This is the main part of the sternum and serves as an attachment for the ribs at the fron t of the thorax
This lied medially to the anterior thorax
The walls of the _________ are composed of the ribs and the sternum
Five sacral vertebra fuse together during development to form a single solid unit. It forms the posterior wall of the pelvis
The first of the cervical vertebra
The second cervical vertebra, the ______ has a modified body called the ______
This is a solid round or oval structure which lies on the anterior aspect of the vertebra
These processes extend laterally from either side of the vertebra
Wedge-shaped structure that extends posteriorly from the vertebra
The three bones that make up the pelvic girdle
illium, ischium, pubis
This large, flat bone froms the posterios/lateral portion of the pelvis
This can be felt when you put your hands on your hips
Inferior to the ilium in the posterior pelvis
Anterior to the ischium
pubis or pubic bone
A large hole in the inferior portion of the os coxae
A cup-like structure on the lateral portion of the os coxae
These two bone form the posterior border of the pelvis
sacrum, and coccyx
The large bone of the thigh
Narrower section just lateral to the head of the femur
a large bump on the lateral, proximal femur and serves as attachment point for important muscles of the hip
The bump which lies inferior to the head of the femur
Articular surfaces that form joints with the other bones at the distal end of the femur
medial and lateral condyles
irrecularly shaped bone, that articulates with the anterior surface of the femur
a bone that is embedded into a muscle tendon
The larger, medial bone of the lower leg
A bump on the proximal, anterior surface of the tibia, just below the patella
Articular surface and a small pointed projection at the distal end of the tibia
lateral bone of the lower leg
projection from the distal end of the fibula
Fibrous or cartilagenous immovable joints
fibrous or cartilagenous joints that have some movement
Freely moveable joints of the body
This lines the inside of the joint capsule
What does the synovial membrane produce?
Bone which lies immediately distal to the tibia?
Cartilaginous structure which lies immediately proximal to the tibia
"Bump" on the medial, proximal femur
Fibrous bands which lie lateral to the knee joint
Bony structure which lies directly medial to the head of the femur
Which muscle raises the eyebrows and where is it located
Which muscle elevates the mandible and where is it located?
temporalis, temporal bone
Which muscle tenses the scalp and where is it located?
occipitalis, skin on neck
Which muscle purses the lips and where is it located
orbicularis oris, mandible/maxilla
Which muscle closes the eyelids and where is it located?
orbicularis oculi, orbit
Which muscle compresses cheeks and where is it located?
Which muscle pulls the corners of the face upward, and where is it located?
zygomaticus major, zygomatic bone
Which muscle elevates the mandible and where is it located?
Masseter, zygomatic arch
Which muscle elevates airway and depresses the mandible, and where is it located?
digastric, hyoid bone
Which muscle turns head and depresses chin and where is it located?
sternocleidomastoid, sternum/ clavicle
Which muscle tenses the neck and depresses the mandible and where is it located?
Which muscles compresses the abdomen and flexes the spine?
external and internal obliques, lower ribs, iliac crest, respectively
Which muscle compresses the abdomen and where is it located?
transversus, costal cartilages/iliac crest
Which muscle flexes the spine and where is it located?
Rectus abdominis, pubis
Which muscle elevates the ribs and where is it located
external intercostals, inferior border of rib
Which muscle depresses the ribs and where is it located?
Internal intercostals, superior border of rib
Which muscle flexes and adducts the humerus and where is it located?
Pectoralis major, upper ribs
Which muscle elevates the ribs and depresses the scapula?
Pectoralis minor, middle ribs
Which muscle extends the head and moves the scapula/clavicle and where is it located?
trapezius, occipital bone/ thoracic vertebra
Which muscle extends and adducts shoulder and where is it located?
Latissimus dorsi, thoracic and lumbar vertebra
Which muscle rotates the shoulder forward and where is it located?
Serratus anterior, ribs
Which muscle pulls the scapula medially and where is it located?
rhomboideus major/ thoracic vertebra
Which muscles adducts the arm and where is it located?
teres major, inferios scapula
Which muscle flexes the hip and where is it located?
iliacus, medial surface of the ilium
This muscle covers the inner pelvic surface of the ilium and attaches to the femur
These muscles form a thick band in the lower abdomen from the spinal column to the femur
This muscle forms a flat band that extends from the pelvis to the ribs in the posterior abdomen
This muscle forms a rounded covering over the structures of the lateral shoulder
This muscle lies in the anterior brachial region
This muscle lies in the posterior brachial region and has an action which opposes the movement of the biceps brachii
The most superficial and largerst muscle of the buttocks region
Deep to the gluteus maximus is the ______?
This muscle is the most anterior of the muscles of the adductor group
This is the largest of the adductor group and can be seen more easily posteriorly because it is mostly covered by the other adductors anteriorly
This band-like adductor muscle runs down the medial thigh
Which group of muscles lies on the anterior thigh?
Which muscle group is found on the posterior thigh?
Which is the most lateral portion of the hamstrings?
Which muscle is on the superior lateral thigh?
tensor fasciae latae
Which muscle cuts diagonally across the anterior thigh and is strap like?
Which muscles form the calf
Which tendon is the very strong tendon that can be seen in the lower calf region, attaching to the calcaneus?
Which muscle can be found on the anterior region of the lower leg and covers the lateral portion of the anterior shin?
Muscle which lies directly lateral to the ramus of the mandible
Most medial muscle of the thigh
Most posterior muscle of the buttocks
Muscle of the posterior brachial region
Most dorsal muscle of the calf region
Most medial of the nerves of the arm
Most superior of the nerve plexuses
Most posterior nerves of the thigh
Nerve structures which run parallel to the spinal column
Which nerve comes out of the cervical plexus and goes to the diaphragm to assist with the breathing process?
Which group of nerves originates from the first few cervical spinal nerves and redistributes to form nerves that primarily serve structures of the head and neck region
Which group of nerves originates from the lower cervical spinal nerves and the first of the thoracic spinal nerves
The lateral nerve of the arm
Which nerve lies between the radial and ulnar nerves?
Which group of nerves originates from the most of the lumbar spinal nerves and redistributes to form nerves supplying the pelvic region and the anterior portion of the leg?
Which nerve lies anterior to the os coxae?
Which nerve lies posterior to the os coxae?
Which portion of the brain lies just superior to the spinal cord?
What lies centrally within the brain tissue?
Which portion of the brainstem directly attaches to the spinal cord?
What two bands like along the ventral surface of the medulla
What is the most superior portion of the brainstem?
Which structure lies superior to the pons and medulla and is composed of the corpora quadrigemina
Endocrine organ which lies immediately inferior to the hypothalamus
Endocrine gland immediately superior to the kidney
endocrine glands that lie posterior to the thyroid
endocrine organ that lies ventral to the great vessels of the heart
endocrine gland that lies inferior and posterior to the stomach
The most distal bones of the toes
Most superior bone of the orbit of the eye
Portion of the spinal cord which descends through the vertebral canal, inferior to the second lumbar vertebra
The ear ossicle which is in the closest proximity to the tympanic membrane
Very large nerve descending from the sacral plexus which innervates the hamstring muscles of the posterior thigh
Structure which lies immediately superior and anterior to the superior colliculus of the corpora quadrigemina
The most superior and anterior of the brain ventricles
Muscle ventral to the tibia
Bony prominence of the posterior cubital region which serves as the insertion for the triceps brachii
Nervous tissue which runs medially through the foramen magnum
Bony prominence of the inferior temporal bone which serves as the insertion for the sternocleidomastoid muscle
Most anterior muscle of the thigh which runs diagonally from lateral to medial
Most lateral muscle of the thigh
tensor fascia latae
Most anterior of the brachial muscles
Most anterior portion of the eyeball
Most superior bone of the lateral skull
Ocular structure which lies immediately posterior to the pupil
Bone structures which lie immediately superior to the superior articular facets of the atlas
Most lateral structure of the ear
Glandular structures which lie on the dorsal surface of the thyroid gland
muscle of the shoulder which covers the proximal end of the humerous
Cauliflower-like structure which lies inferior to the occipital lobe
Bone which lies deep to the quadriceps muscles
Bony structure which attaches to the medial end of the costal cartilages