A and P lab

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s.dorrance1
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186437
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A and P lab
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2012-12-07 18:46:21
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regional anatomy
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regional anatomy for anatomy and physiology lab
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  1. Directly posterior to the frontal bone
    parietal bones
  2. These lie directly inferior to the parietal bones and from the sides of the skull and the lower sides and a portion of the floor of the cranial cavity
    temporal bones
  3. Found on the interior of the skull and forms a large "mountain" on the floor of the cranium
    petrous ridge
  4. large bump that lies posterior to the ear
    mastoid process
  5. A spike-like projection that lies anterior to the mastoid process
    styloid process
  6. Tube-like hole that is anterior to the mastoid process
    external auditory meatus
  7. This bone forms the posterior wall and a portion of the floor of the cranial cavity
    occipital bone
  8. Largest hole in the skull found in the occipital bone
    foramen magnum
  9. Lateral to the foramen magnum are two rounded articular surfaces. What are they?
    Occipital condyles
  10. The superior portion of the nasal region
    nasal bones
  11. Bone directly superior to the upper teeth
    Maxilla
  12. Inferior to the maxilla and forms the lower jaw
    Mandible
  13. Lateral to the maxilla
    zygomatic bone
  14. This bone lies at the medial aspect of the orbit and has a small opening into the lacrimal duct
    lacrimal bone
  15. This sinus lies in the central forehead region
    frontal sinus
  16. Most anterior bone of the superior skull
    frontal
  17. Bone immediately inferior in to the parietal bone on the lateral skull
    temporal bone
  18. The most lateral bone of the face
    zygomatic bone
  19. Most medial bone of the orbit
    ethmoid bone?
  20. Most superiof of the vertebrae
    atlas
  21. "Bump" on the superior, later humerus
    tubercle
  22. Most distal bone of the arm
    phalanges
  23. Structure inferior to the body of the sternum
    xiphoid process
  24. Most anterior portion of a vertebra
    body
  25. lateral bone of the lower arm
    radius
  26. a small bump inferior to the head of the radius
    radial tuberosity
  27. Pointed profection at the distal end of the ulna
    styloid process of the ulna
  28. a large bump posterior to the trochlear notch
    olecranon process
  29. small projection at the distal end of the trochlear notch
    coronoid process
  30. A smaller depression on the anterior aspect of the distal humerus
    coronoid fossa
  31. A small depression on the posterior aspect of the distal humerus
    olecranon fossa
  32. Large bumps just proximal to the condyles and can be felt on either side of the humerus
    medial epicondyles
  33. Lateral rounded condyle, that articulates with the radius
    capitulum
  34. Mediul side of the humerus that articulates with the ulna
    trochlea
  35. Lateral to the head of the humerus
    greater tubercle
  36. large, rounded knob at the superior end of the humerus
    head
  37. The bone of the superior arm
    humerus
  38. This bone articulates with the scaapula in the region of the shoulder and with the radius and the ulna in the region of the elbow
    humerus
  39. A smaller projection which lies just inferior to the acromion process
    coracoid process
  40. The large, lateral extension of the scapular spine
    acromion process
  41. This structure can be felt as a ridge in the superior, posterior shoulder region
    scapular spine
  42. The oval depression on the lateral side of the scapula
    glenoid fossa
  43. large, flat triangular bone located on the back of the shoulder area on each side of the body
    scapula
  44. These ribs have no connection to the sternum at all
    floating ribs
  45. These ribs use a shared costal cartilage connection
    false ribs
  46. connectors between the ribs and the sternum
    costal cartilages
  47. This cartilaginous structure is located at the inferior end of the sternum
    xiphoid process
  48. This lies superior to the body of the sternum
    manubrium
  49. This is the main part of the sternum and serves as an attachment for the ribs at the fron t of the thorax
    body
  50. This lied medially to the anterior thorax
    sternum
  51. The walls of the _________ are composed of the ribs and the sternum
    thorax
  52. Five sacral vertebra fuse together during development to form a single solid unit. It forms the posterior wall of the pelvis
    sacrum
  53. The first of the cervical vertebra
    atlas
  54. The second cervical vertebra, the ______ has a modified body called the ______
    axis, dens
  55. This is a solid round or oval structure which lies on the anterior aspect of the vertebra
    body
  56. These processes extend laterally from either side of the vertebra
    transverse processes
  57. Wedge-shaped structure that extends posteriorly from the vertebra
    spinous process
  58. The three bones that make up the pelvic girdle
    illium, ischium, pubis
  59. This large, flat bone froms the posterios/lateral portion of the pelvis
    illium
  60. This can be felt when you put your hands on your hips
    iliac crest
  61. Inferior to the ilium in the posterior pelvis
    ischium
  62. Anterior to the ischium
    pubis or pubic bone
  63. A large hole in the inferior portion of the os coxae
    obturator foramen
  64. A cup-like structure on the lateral portion of the os coxae
    acetabulum
  65. These two bone form the posterior border of the pelvis
    sacrum, and coccyx
  66. The large bone of the thigh
    femur
  67. Narrower section just lateral to the head of the femur
    neck
  68. a large bump on the lateral, proximal femur and serves as attachment point for important muscles of the hip
    greater trochanter
  69. The bump which lies inferior to the head of the femur
    lesser trochanter
  70. Articular surfaces that form joints with the other bones at the distal end of the femur
    medial and lateral condyles
  71. irrecularly shaped bone, that articulates with the anterior surface of the femur
    patella
  72. a bone that is embedded into a muscle tendon
    sesmoid bone
  73. The larger, medial bone of the lower leg
    tibia
  74. A bump on the proximal, anterior surface of the tibia, just below the patella
    tibial tuberosity
  75. Articular surface and a small pointed projection at the distal end of the tibia
    medial malleolus
  76. lateral bone of the lower leg
    fibula
  77. projection from the distal end of the fibula
    lateral malleolus
  78. Fibrous or cartilagenous immovable joints
    synarthroses
  79. fibrous or cartilagenous joints that have some movement
    ampiarthrosis
  80. Freely moveable joints of the body
    diarthroses
  81. This lines the inside of the joint capsule
    synovial membrane
  82. What does the synovial membrane produce?
    synovial fluid
  83. Bone which lies immediately distal to the tibia?
    talis
  84. Cartilaginous structure which lies immediately proximal to the tibia
    meniscus
  85. "Bump" on the medial, proximal femur
    head
  86. Fibrous bands which lie lateral to the knee joint
    collateral ligaments
  87. Bony structure which lies directly medial to the head of the femur
    acetabulum
  88. Which muscle raises the eyebrows and where is it located
    frontalis, aponeurosis
  89. Which muscle elevates the mandible and where is it located?
    temporalis, temporal bone
  90. Which muscle tenses the scalp and where is it located?
    occipitalis, skin on neck
  91. Which muscle purses the lips and where is it located
    orbicularis oris, mandible/maxilla
  92. Which muscle closes the eyelids and where is it located?
    orbicularis oculi, orbit
  93. Which muscle compresses cheeks and where is it located?
    buccinator, mandible/maxilla
  94. Which muscle pulls the corners of the face upward, and where is it located?
    zygomaticus major, zygomatic bone
  95. Which muscle elevates the mandible and where is it located?
    Masseter, zygomatic arch
  96. Which muscle elevates airway and depresses the mandible, and where is it located?
    digastric, hyoid bone
  97. Which muscle turns head and depresses chin and where is it located?
    sternocleidomastoid, sternum/ clavicle
  98. Which muscle tenses the neck and depresses the mandible and where is it located?
    platysma, ribs/scapula
  99. Which muscles compresses the abdomen and flexes the spine?
    external and internal obliques, lower ribs, iliac crest, respectively
  100. Which muscle compresses the abdomen and where is it located?
    transversus, costal cartilages/iliac crest
  101. Which muscle flexes the spine and where is it located?
    Rectus abdominis, pubis
  102. Which muscle elevates the ribs and where is it located
    external intercostals, inferior border of rib
  103. Which muscle depresses the ribs and where is it located?
    Internal intercostals, superior border of rib
  104. Which muscle flexes and adducts the humerus and where is it located?
    Pectoralis major, upper ribs
  105. Which muscle elevates the ribs and depresses the scapula?
    Pectoralis minor, middle ribs
  106. Which muscle extends the head and moves the scapula/clavicle and where is it located?
    trapezius, occipital bone/ thoracic vertebra
  107. Which muscle extends and adducts shoulder and where is it located?
    Latissimus dorsi, thoracic and lumbar vertebra
  108. Which muscle rotates the shoulder forward and where is it located?
    Serratus anterior, ribs
  109. Which muscle pulls the scapula medially and where is it located?
    rhomboideus major/ thoracic vertebra
  110. Which muscles adducts the arm and where is it located?
    teres major, inferios scapula
  111. Which muscle flexes the hip and where is it located?
    iliacus, medial surface of the ilium
  112. This muscle covers the inner pelvic surface of the ilium and attaches to the femur
    iliacus
  113. These muscles form a thick band in the lower abdomen from the spinal column to the femur
    psoas
  114. This muscle forms a flat band that extends from the pelvis to the ribs in the posterior abdomen
    quadratus lumborum
  115. This muscle forms a rounded covering over the structures of the lateral shoulder
    deltoid
  116. This muscle lies in the anterior brachial region
    biceps brachii
  117. This muscle lies in the posterior brachial region and has an action which opposes the movement of the biceps brachii
    triceps brachii
  118. The most superficial and largerst muscle of the buttocks region
    gluteus maximus
  119. Deep to the gluteus maximus is the ______?
    Gluteus medius
  120. This muscle is the most anterior of the muscles of the adductor group
    adductor longus
  121. This is the largest of the adductor group and can be seen more easily posteriorly because it is mostly covered by the other adductors anteriorly
    adductor magnus
  122. This band-like adductor muscle runs down the medial thigh
    gracilis
  123. Which group of muscles lies on the anterior thigh?
    quadriceps group
  124. Which muscle group is found on the posterior thigh?
    hamstrings
  125. Which is the most lateral portion of the hamstrings?
    biceps femoris
  126. Which muscle is on the superior lateral thigh?
    tensor fasciae latae
  127. Which muscle cuts diagonally across the anterior thigh and is strap like?
    sartorius
  128. Which muscles form the calf
    gastrocnemius, soleus
  129. Which tendon is the very strong tendon that can be seen in the lower calf region, attaching to the calcaneus?
    Achilles tendon
  130. Which muscle can be found on the anterior region of the lower leg and covers the lateral portion of the anterior shin?
    tibialis anterior
  131. Muscle which lies directly lateral to the ramus of the mandible
    masseter
  132. Most medial muscle of the thigh
    gracilis
  133. Most posterior muscle of the buttocks
    maximus
  134. Muscle of the posterior brachial region
    triceps brachii
  135. Most dorsal muscle of the calf region
    gastrocnemius
  136. Most medial of the nerves of the arm
    ulner nerve
  137. Most superior of the nerve plexuses
    cervical
  138. Most posterior nerves of the thigh
    sciatic
  139. Nerve structures which run parallel to the spinal column
    sympathetic
  140. Which nerve comes out of the cervical plexus and goes to the diaphragm to assist with the breathing process?
    Phrenic nerve
  141. Which group of nerves originates from the first few cervical spinal nerves and redistributes to form nerves that primarily serve structures of the head and neck region
    cervical plexus
  142. Which group of nerves originates from the lower cervical spinal nerves and the first of the thoracic spinal nerves
    brachial plexus
  143. The lateral nerve of the arm
    radial nerve
  144. Which nerve lies between the radial and ulnar nerves?
    median nerve
  145. Which group of nerves originates from the most of the lumbar spinal nerves and redistributes to form nerves supplying the pelvic region and the anterior portion of the leg?
    lumbar plexus
  146. Which nerve lies anterior to the os coxae?
    femoral nerve
  147. Which nerve lies posterior to the os coxae?
    sciatic nerve
  148. Which portion of the brain lies just superior to the spinal cord?
    brainstem
  149. What lies centrally within the brain tissue?
    diencephalon
  150. Which portion of the brainstem directly attaches to the spinal cord?
    Medulla oblongata
  151. What two bands like along the ventral surface of the medulla
    pyramids
  152. What is the most superior portion of the brainstem?
    midbrain
  153. Which structure lies superior to the pons and medulla and is composed of the corpora quadrigemina
    midbrain
  154. Endocrine organ which lies immediately inferior to the hypothalamus
    pituitary gland
  155. Endocrine gland immediately superior to the kidney
    adrenal gland
  156. endocrine glands that lie posterior to the thyroid
    parathyroid gland
  157. endocrine organ that lies ventral to the great vessels of the heart
    thymus
  158. endocrine gland that lies inferior and posterior to the stomach
    pancreas
  159. The most distal bones of the toes
    phalanges
  160. Most superior bone of the orbit of the eye
    frontal
  161. Portion of the spinal cord which descends through the vertebral canal, inferior to the second lumbar vertebra
    caudal equina
  162. The ear ossicle which is in the closest proximity to the tympanic membrane
    malleus
  163. Very large nerve descending from the sacral plexus which innervates the hamstring muscles of the posterior thigh
    sciatic nerve
  164. Structure which lies immediately superior and anterior to the superior colliculus of the corpora quadrigemina
    pineal gland
  165. The most superior and anterior of the brain ventricles
    lateral ventricles
  166. Muscle ventral to the tibia
    anterior tibialis
  167. Bony prominence of the posterior cubital region which serves as the insertion for the triceps brachii
    olecranon process
  168. Nervous tissue which runs medially through the foramen magnum
    spinal cord
  169. Bony prominence of the inferior temporal bone which serves as the insertion for the sternocleidomastoid muscle
    mastoid process
  170. Most anterior muscle of the thigh which runs diagonally from lateral to medial
    sartorious
  171. Most lateral muscle of the thigh
    tensor fascia latae
  172. Most anterior of the brachial muscles
    biceps brachii
  173. Most anterior portion of the eyeball
    cornea
  174. Most superior bone of the lateral skull
    parietal
  175. Ocular structure which lies immediately posterior to the pupil
    lens
  176. Bone structures which lie immediately superior to the superior articular facets of the atlas
    occipital condyles
  177. Most lateral structure of the ear
    pinna
  178. Glandular structures which lie on the dorsal surface of the thyroid gland
    parathyroid gland
  179. muscle of the shoulder which covers the proximal end of the humerous
    deltoid
  180. Cauliflower-like structure which lies inferior to the occipital lobe
    hyoid bone
  181. Bone which lies deep to the quadriceps muscles
    femur
  182. Bony structure which attaches to the medial end of the costal cartilages
    sternum

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