PSY 202 CH 15

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PSY 202 CH 15
2012-12-02 14:35:13

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  1. Describe the common characteristic of all forms of psychotherapy.
    all forms of psychotherapy involve interactions between practitioner and client.
  2. What is the basis for biological therapies?
    medication, based on the notion that mental disorders result from abnormalities in neural and bodily processes. 
  3. What is the goal of psychoanalysis?
    Increase the client's awareness of his or her own unconscious psychological processes and how these processes affect daily functioning. 
  4. What is the premise of focusing on behaviors in cognitive-behavioral therapy?
    By focusing on behaviors it exposes the client their own faulty cognitions and trains them to engage in new behaviors. 
  5. What is the goal of cognitive restructuring?
    Help patients recognize maladaptive thought patterns and replace them with ways of viewing the world that are more in tune with reality. 
  6. What are the three main types of medication and what are they used for?
    • Anti-anxiety drugs: treat anxiety
    • Antidepressants: treat depression and sometimes anxiety 
    • antipsychotics: treat schizophrenia and other disorders that involve psychosis.
  7. Describe how anti-anxiety medications work and possible side effects.
    They increase the activity og GABA, but can cause drowsiness and are highly addictive 
  8. Describe how the major types of antidepresssant medications work.
    • MAO: stop the breakdown of seritonin in the synapse and raise levels of norepinephrine and dopimine. 
    • Tricyclic antidepressants: inhibit the reuptake of certain neurotransmitters, resulting in more of each neurotransmitter being available in the synapse. 
    • SSRIs: (PROZAC) inhibit the reuptake of seritonin, but they act on other neurotransitters to significantly lesser extent. 
  9. Identify the type of medication most commonly used to treat bipolar disorder
  10. Describe the goal of prefrontal lobotomies and their use today.
    used to treat severe mental disorders. Only used today as a last result. 
  11. Describe the goal of electroconvulsive therapy and its use today.
    It produces a seizure in the brain to treat some psychological disorders. Is still used in some cases, but under anesthesia and with powerful muscle relaxants. 
  12. Identify types of treatment which have little or no support (pseudotherapies)
    reenactment of own birth, scream, or have body parts manipulated, DARE, hypnosis to recover painful memories 
  13. Distinguish between psychological treatments and psychotherapy.
    Psychological treatments: evidence-based treatments

    Psychotherapy: any form of therapy 
  14. Describe the most effective treatment for panic disorder.
    CBT- or a combination of CBT and medication. 
  15. Describe the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy treatments for depression.
    It is just as effective as medications, but is long lasting and does not have the side effects associated with medications. 
  16. What is the prognosis for acute schizophrenia? For chronic schizophrenia?
    • -acute (where you have a psychotic “break”) is easier to treat
    • -chronic schizophrenia is more difficult, has a worse prognosis
  17. Anti-Anxiety Drugs
    a class of psychotic medications used for treatment of anxiety
  18. Antidepressants
    • -medication used to treat depression
    • -older: Monoamine oxidase (MOA) inhibitor
    • -tricyclic antids
    • -SSRI’s (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors)
  19. Antipsychotics
    a class of drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other disorders that involve psychosis
  20. Applied Behavioral Analysis
    (ABA) An intensive treatment for autism, based on operant conditioning.
  21. Biological therapy
    Treatment based on medical approaches to illness and to disease.
  22. Client-Centered Therapy
    emphatic approach, encourages people to fulfill their individual potentials for personal growth through greater self understanding
  23. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
    (CBT) A therapy that incorporates techniques from behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy to correct faulty thinking and change maladaptive behaviors.
  24. Cognitive Restructuring
    A therapy that strives to help patients recognize maladaptive thought patterns and replace them with ways of viewing the world that are more in tune with reality.
  25. Cognitive therapy
    based on idea that disordered thoughts produce maladaptive behaviors and emotions; treatment strategies attempt to modify thought patterns
  26. DSM IV
    the book/manual that categorizes mental disorders, lists potential symptoms
  27. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
    A procedure used to treat depression; it involves administering a strong electrical current to the patient's brain.
  28. Exposure
    cognitive behavioral therapeutic technique that involves repeated exposure to anxiety-producing stimulus or situation
  29. Expressed Emotion
    A pattern of interactions that includes emotional over-involvement, critical comments, and hostility directed toward a patient by family members.
  30. Insight
    (1) The sudden realization of a solution to a problem. (2) A goal of some types of therapy; a patient's understanding of his or her own psychological processes.
  31. Psychotherapy
    generic name for formal psychological treatment
  32. Psychotropic Medication
    Drugs that affect mental processes. They act by changing the brain’s neurochemistry. Fall into three categories: anti-anxiety, antidepressants, antipsychotics.