PSY 202 CH 15
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Describe the common characteristic of all forms of psychotherapy.
all forms of psychotherapy involve interactions between practitioner and client.
What is the basis for biological therapies?
medication, based on the notion that mental disorders result from abnormalities in neural and bodily processes.
What is the goal of psychoanalysis?
Increase the client's awareness of his or her own unconscious psychological processes and how these processes affect daily functioning.
What is the premise of focusing on behaviors in cognitive-behavioral therapy?
By focusing on behaviors it exposes the client their own faulty cognitions and trains them to engage in new behaviors.
What is the goal of cognitive restructuring?
Help patients recognize maladaptive thought patterns and replace them with ways of viewing the world that are more in tune with reality.
What are the three main types of medication and what are they used for?
- Anti-anxiety drugs: treat anxiety
- Antidepressants: treat depression and sometimes anxiety
- antipsychotics: treat schizophrenia and other disorders that involve psychosis.
Describe how anti-anxiety medications work and possible side effects.
They increase the activity og GABA, but can cause drowsiness and are highly addictive
Describe how the major types of antidepresssant medications work.
- MAO: stop the breakdown of seritonin in the synapse and raise levels of norepinephrine and dopimine.
- Tricyclic antidepressants: inhibit the reuptake of certain neurotransmitters, resulting in more of each neurotransmitter being available in the synapse.
- SSRIs: (PROZAC) inhibit the reuptake of seritonin, but they act on other neurotransitters to significantly lesser extent.
Identify the type of medication most commonly used to treat bipolar disorder
Describe the goal of prefrontal lobotomies and their use today.
used to treat severe mental disorders. Only used today as a last result.
Describe the goal of electroconvulsive therapy and its use today.
It produces a seizure in the brain to treat some psychological disorders. Is still used in some cases, but under anesthesia and with powerful muscle relaxants.
Identify types of treatment which have little or no support (pseudotherapies)
reenactment of own birth, scream, or have body parts manipulated, DARE, hypnosis to recover painful memories
Distinguish between psychological treatments and psychotherapy.
Psychological treatments: evidence-based treatments
Psychotherapy: any form of therapy
Describe the most effective treatment for panic disorder.
CBT- or a combination of CBT and medication.
Describe the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy treatments for depression.
It is just as effective as medications, but is long lasting and does not have the side effects associated with medications.
What is the prognosis for acute schizophrenia? For chronic schizophrenia?
- -acute (where you have a psychotic “break”) is easier to treat
- -chronic schizophrenia is more difficult, has a worse prognosis
a class of psychotic medications used for treatment of anxiety
- -medication used to treat depression
- -older: Monoamine oxidase (MOA) inhibitor
- -tricyclic antids
- -SSRI’s (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors)
a class of drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other disorders that involve psychosis
Applied Behavioral Analysis
(ABA) An intensive treatment for autism, based on operant conditioning.
Treatment based on medical approaches to illness and to disease.
emphatic approach, encourages people to fulfill their individual potentials for personal growth through greater self understanding
(CBT) A therapy that incorporates techniques from behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy to correct faulty thinking and change maladaptive behaviors.
A therapy that strives to help patients recognize maladaptive thought patterns and replace them with ways of viewing the world that are more in tune with reality.
based on idea that disordered thoughts produce maladaptive behaviors and emotions; treatment strategies attempt to modify thought patterns
the book/manual that categorizes mental disorders, lists potential symptoms
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
A procedure used to treat depression; it involves administering a strong electrical current to the patient's brain.
cognitive behavioral therapeutic technique that involves repeated exposure to anxiety-producing stimulus or situation
A pattern of interactions that includes emotional over-involvement, critical comments, and hostility directed toward a patient by family members.
(1) The sudden realization of a solution to a problem. (2) A goal of some types of therapy; a patient's understanding of his or her own psychological processes.
generic name for formal psychological treatment
Drugs that affect mental processes. They act by changing the brain’s neurochemistry. Fall into three categories: anti-anxiety, antidepressants, antipsychotics.
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