jb122996

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Anonymous
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186670
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jb122996
Updated:
2012-12-02 19:02:53
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biology
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biology flash cards
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  1. Cell

    • Definition: Basic unit of all life
    • Function: For molecule transportation, reproduction, and energy conversion.
  2. Cell membrane
    • Definition: The outer layer of a cell in all animal cells. Second most outerlayer in plant cells.
    • Function: To protect the inside of a cell by only letting certain things in and out.
  3. Cell wall
    • Definition: External layer of mostly plant cells to give them structure and support.
    • Function: To give cells support.
  4. Centriole
    • Defintion: Cyndrical shaped organelle found in the cytoplasm.
    • Function: To pull apart Chromosomes during mitosis.
  5. Chloroplast
    • Definition: A plasid.
    • Function: to store nutrients for a plant cell.
  6. Chromosome
    • Definition: Part of cell that contains genetic material.
    • Function: To store genetic material for cell.
  7. Cilium
    • Definition hair like projection on certain cells.
    • Function: To help support the shape of a cell.
  8. Cytoplasm
    • Definition: Part of cell between cell membrane and Nuclear envelope.
    • Function: The place where cell expansion,growth, metabolism, and replication happen.
  9. Cytoskeleton
    • Definition: Inside structure of a cell.
    • Function: Controlling shape, cell organization, and cell movement.
  10. Endoplasmic rectium
    • Definition:Internal membrane transport system.
    • Function: Were lipids are assembled, protiens are exported and contains protien synthesis
  11. Eukaryote
    • Definition: Has a nucleaus, animal cells.
    • Function: Type of cell
  12. Flagellum
    • Definition: Threadlike organelle coming out of a Prokaryote cell.
    • Function: To hold genetic material.
  13. Golgi apparatus
    • Definition: folded membranes in cytoplasm.
    • Function: Packages protiens.
  14. Lipid bilayer
    • Definition: Thin membrane made up of 2 layers of lipid molecules.
    • Function: to store protien on them.
  15. Lysosome
    • Definition: Organelle that digest otherthings.
    • Function: To contain enzymes and breakdown stuff.
  16. Mitochondria
    • Definition: Found in large amounts in a cell.
    • Function: Makes energy
  17. Nucleolus
    • Definition: small dense part inside nucleus.
    • Function: Where ribosmes (RNA) are made
  18. Nucleus
    • Definitioin: The core of a cell
    • Function: To hold all th genetic material in a Eukaryote cell.
  19. Prokayote
    • Definition: A cell with out a nucleaus.
    • Function: Mainly Bateria cells.
  20. Ribosome
    • Definition: Particals of RNA and protiens.
    • Function: Carrys codes for building protiens.
  21. Rough ER
    • Definition:The Endoplasmic recticulm when its covered with ribosomes.
    • Function: Sites of protien Synthesis
  22. Smooth ER
    • Definition: Part of ER that lacks robosomes and is tubelike.
    • Fuunction: To create more surface area for ribosomes.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
  23. Spindle fiber
    • Definition: Thin tubes
    • Function: It moves and segregates the chromosomes during the cell spliting.
  24. Vacuole
    • Definition: Large water sack in cell.
    • Function: To shape and make a plat cell firm. Also to store water.

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