Funds I Final Review

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Funds I Final Review
2012-12-02 21:52:22

Funds I Final Review
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  1. The nurse has just gotten the patient in the chair after his bath. If using the mnemonic ABC, in and out, PS, what does the "P" indicate?
    1.) Purulent
    2.) Pus
    3.) Pain
    4.) Pallor
    3.) Pain
  2. A 90-Year old patient is having difficulty answering the nurses's questions while completing the patient history. What will the nurse keep in mind about caring for older adults?

    1.) All older adults age at the same rate.
    2.) It is best to write down all the questions and have the patients family complete the information.
    3.) Sit down at eye level with the patient and allow a longer period to answer each question.
    4.) Talk more loudly and raise the pitch of the voice.
  3. 3.) Sit down at eye level with the patient and allow a longer period to answer each question.
  4. Drainage
    Refers to the passive or active removal of fluids from a body cavity, wound, or other source of the discharge by one or more methods.
  5. A pathologic condition of the body, is any disturbance of a structure or function of the body.
  6. Diseases appear at birth or shortly thereafter but are not caused by genetic abnormalities. These diseases result from sole failure in development during the embryonic stagem, or the two first months of pregnancy.
  7. Disease is caused by a dysfunction  that results in a loss of metabolic control of homeostasis.
    Metabolic disease
  8. Erythema
  9. Swelling
  10. Results in a structural change in an organ that interferes with its functioning.
    Organic Disease
  11. Often appear to be those of organic disease, but careful examination fails to reveal evidence of structural or physiologic abnormalities
    Functional Disease
  12. Condition of debility, loss of strength and energy, and depleted vitality.
  13. Ecchymosis
    Discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membranecaused by extravasation of blood into the subcutaneous tissues as result of trauma to the underlying blood vessels or by fragility of the vessel walls (Also called a bruise)
  14. Pertaining to something that has a foul, putrid, or offensive odor. (Also called Malodorous)
  15. A symptom of itching and an uncomfortable sensation leading to an urge to scratch.Some causes are allergy, infection, jaundice, elevated serum urea, and skin irritation.
  16. Pertaining to an unhealthy, yellow color; usually said of a complexion of the skin.
  17. Areas Assessed:
    Head and Neck, back and posterior thorax and lungs. Anterior thorax and lungs, breasts, axillae, heart, vital signs, and upper extremities.
    Position: Sitting
  18. Areas Assessed: 
    Head and neck, anterior thorax and lungs, breasts, axillae, heart, abdomen, extremities, pulses.
    • Position:
    • Supine (Back Laying)
  19. High pitched, drum like sound
  20. Low pitched Thudlike sound
  21. Highpitched Flat sound
  22. Using the hands and sense of touch to gather data.

    Region-Radiation: Where is it? Does it spread?
  24. A vibrating sensation you perceive as you palpate along the artery. 
  25. _____ wheezes have a high-pitched squeaking musical qualityand are produced by airflow through narrowed airways.
  26. ____ wheezes have a lower pitched, coarser, gurgling, snoring quality and usually indicate the presence of mucus in the rachea and the large airways.
  27. ____ is a high-pitched inspiratory crowing sound, louder in the neck than over the chest wall.
  28. are produced by inflammation of the pleural sac, you will hear rubbing grating or squeaky sounds upon auscultation.
    Pleural Fricion Rubs
  29. Results if there is a decreased supply of oxygenated blood to the tissues;
  30. Review of specific chart components for completion and appropriateness by officially appointed auditors
    Chart Audits
  31. People appointed to examine patients' charts and health records to assess quality of care
  32. (A system that classifies patients by age, diagnosis, and surgical procedure, using 300 different categories to predict the use of hospital resources, including length of stay)
    DRGs : Diagnosis-Related Groups
  33. Recording of patient care in descriptive form
    Narrative Charting
  34. SOAPIER      S
    Subjective information
  35. SOAPIER     O
    Objective Information
  36. SOAPIER     A
  37. SOAPIER      P
  38. SOAPIER      I
  39. SOAPIER     E
  40. SOAPIER      R
  41. Charting by Exception
  42. PIE
    Problem, Intervention and Evaluation
  43. Any event not consistent with the routine operation of a health care unit or the routine care of a patient
    Indicident Report
  44. System is a card system used to consolidate patient orders and care needs in a centralized, concise way.
    Kardex (or Rand)
  45. uses a score that rates each patient by severity of ilness
    Acuity Charting
  46. Allow staff from all disciplines to develop standardized, intergrated care plans for a projected length of stay for patients of a specific case type
    Clinical (critical pathways)
  47. Drainage is thick and yellow
  48. Administering ear drops to an adult client, correct method
    Auricle is pulled up and back
  49. Right Sided heart failure, primary manifestation
    Peripheral Edema
  50. In patients that need testing for Gastrointestinal Cancer. test used to confirm a malignancy is:
    Biopsy of Tumor tissue.
  51. Correct position for the Thoracentesis Procedure
    Sitting, learning forward over a the bedside table.
  52. Precautions necessary when obtaining vital signs for a client who has pneumonia
    Droplet Precautions (i.e. Wear a mask when entering the client's room)
  53. A nurse is caring for an older adult client diagnosed with colon Cancer. The client asks the nurse several questions about his treatment plan. Which of the following nursing actions is appropriate?
    Help the client write down questions to ask his provider.
  54. When caring for an unconscious client, the side-lying position is recommened because:
    It assists in preventing aspiration problems.
  55. When ascultating the abdomen of a client who is diagnosed with paralytic ileus the expected bowel sounds:
  56. A nurse is caring for a client who sustained multiple injuries related to a motor vehicle crash When monitoring the client for manifestations of a pneumothorax, the nurse should observe for which of the following?
    Absence of breath sounds
  57. A nurse is caring for an unidentified client who has been brought in unconscious to the trauma center. Upon the clients arrival, the surgeon determines that he requires immediate surgical intervention for acute intra-abdominal bleeding. The nurse should understand that the consent for the surgery
    can be implied, since the client is in critical condition
  58. A nurse is reinforcing teaching about advance directives for a client admitted to the hospital for cardiac surgery. Which of the following statements made by the client indicates clarification is needed?
    My children can make changes to my living will if i am incapacitated.
  59. Several nurses have called seeking information about a client who is a hospital employee. Which action should be taken in response to the inquiries?
    Refer questions to the nursing supervisor.
  60. Actions appropriate for the nurse to take for a client who reports a throbbing headache after a lumbar puncture.
    Administer the clients PRN pain medication and/or darken the clients room and close the door.
  61. Which status would you suspect the client in based on these values:   BP 80/40 mm Hg, pulse 126/min
  62. Burns - - - 
    Erythema, and Pain
    Shallow Partial-Thickness Burns
  63. Burns - - -
    Deep erthyema or mottled skin with blister formation
    Increased Pain
    Deep Partial-Thickness Burns
  64. Burns - - - 
    Often no complaints of pain
    Usually skin is charred
    Full-Thickness Burns
  65. Medicine,
    Dosage Form, 
    8 Rights of Medications
  66. A radiographic procedure for obtaining an arteriogram-description of arteries
  67. A computer-based nuclear imaging technique that can produce pictures of actual organ functioning
    Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
  68. Inserting a needle through the chest wall and into the pleural space, usually to remove fluid for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
  69. A tissue sample removed from the liver for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis
    Liver Biopsy
  70. The use of barium sulfate solution as a contrast agent to facilitate x-ray and fluroscopic examination of the colon.
    Barium Enema
  71. A nuclear medicine scan that uses short half-life radioactively labeled chemicals to make images of bones
    Bone Scan
  72. A type of medical imaging that uses the characteristic behavior of protons when placed in powerful magnetic fields to make images of tissues and organs. Imaging techniques allow visualization of the vascular system without the use of contrast agents.
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  73. Permits visualization of the kidneys, ureters and bladder.
    Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)
  74. This test detects occult (hidden) blood in feces.
    Hemoccult test stool for Guaiac
  75. Insertion of a flexible endoscope through the anus to inspect the entire colon and terminal ileum.
  76. A radiograph of the gallbladder. This procedure is being replaced by ultrasonography.
  77. Aids in the diagnosis of ulcers, varices, tumors, regional enteritis, and malabsorption syndromes.
    Upper Gastrointestinal Series (Upper GI)
  78. A procedure in which fluid is withdrawn from the abdominal cavity.
  79. Inaudible sound in the frequency range of 20,000 to 10 billion cycles/second which outlines the shape of various tissues and organs in the body
  80. Visual examination of the larynx, Trachea, and brochi using a standard rigid tubular metal bronchoscope.
  81. The removal of fluid filled with blood cells from the central core of a bone used to diagnose blood disorders such as anemias, and cancers, or infectious diseases that affect the marrow
    Bone Marrow Aspiration
  82. A radiographic technique that selects a level in the body and blues out structures above and below that plane, leaving a clear image of the selected anatomy.
    Computed Tomography (CT)
  83. Radiography of the soft tissues of the breast(s)
  84. Analysis of the Urine
  85. A test to determine the chemical physical or serological characteristics of the blood or some portion of it.
    Blood Test.
  86. Graphic Representation of the electrical impulses generated by the heart during a cardiac cycle.
    Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  87. Is carried out by insertion of a needle into the lumbar subarachnoid space to withdraw cerebrospinal fluid for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
    Lumbar Puncture
  88. A diagnostic evaluation for diabetes when the patient ingests a 75 g carbohydrate load and then has blood drawn, 30, 60, and 120 minutes after ingestion.
    Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT)
  89. Obstetric procedure in which a small amount of amniotic fluid is removed for laboratory analysis.
  90. Tracing to record the electrical activity of the brain.
    Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  91. Invasive procedure in which one or more catheters are introduced into the heart and selected blood vessels to measure pressures in the various heart chambers
    Cardiac Catherization
  92. Procedure to view the rectum for evidence of ulceration, tumors, polyps, and or some other pathologic process.
  93. A urine specimen that is obtained by catherization within 10 minutes after the patient voiding is called a :
    Residual urine specimen
  94. When preparing the patient for an EKG, which is the best position for the patient to be in:
  95. Once a specimen has been obtained the next step is to:
    Properly Identify it.
  96. Skin intact with nonblanchable redness
    Stage I Pressure Ulcer
  97. Intact or open serum-filled blister
    Stage II pressure ulcer
  98. Full-thickness skin loss in which subcutaneous fat is sometimes visible
    Stage III pressure ulcer
  99. Full-thickness tissue loss with exposed bone, tendon or muscle
    Stage IV pressure ulcer
  100. Full-thickness tissue loss-a wound base covered by slough and or eschar in the wound bed that will usually be tan black or brown
  101. Slough
    Yellow, tan, green or brown
  102. Normal Temperature:
    96.8 - 100.4 Farenheit
  103. Normal Pulse:
    60 - 100 beats/minute
  104. Normal Respirations:
  105. Prehypertension Pressure:
    120-139 80/89 mm Hg
  106. Hypertension:
    is 140 or higher or 90 or higher
  107. Antihypertensive Medications;
    Antiseizure Medications;
    Antipsychotic Medications;
    all can be caused of
    Orthostatic Hypotension
  108. A nurse is caring for a client who is on Dialysis. To determine how much fluid the client loses during hemodialysis, before and after the treatment the nurse should compare measurements of the clients:
  109. You are caring for a dying mother of a 6 year old child. based on the developmental age of the child what beliefs might the child be feeling?
    believes wishes can be responsible for death.
  110. Loss is a natural part of our lives. The loss that is felt when one leaves home for college is an example of ____ loss.
  111. Kubler-Ross' staes of grieving and dying correct order:
    Denial and Isolation
    • Depression
    • Anger
    • Denial and Isolation
    • Bargaining
    • Acceptance
  112. A common complication of patients with limited mobility is a thrombus or emboli. Which nursing intervention assists in the prevention of a thrombus.
    Apply TED stockings.
  113. POMR
    • Problem Oriented
    • Database
    • Problem List
    • Plan of Care
    • Progress Notes
  114. DARE
    • Data 
    • Action
    • Response
    • Education
  115. CBE
    • Changes in condition
    • Additional treatments
    • Discontinued treatments
    • New concerns
  116. A legal record used to meet the many demands of the health system(s)
  117. Documentation of Care
  118. System used to consolidate patient orders and care needs in a centralized, concise way
  119. Summary form of charting that should include the basic needs of the patient, whether someone was contracted, care and treatment provided and the patient's response
    Narrative Charting
  120. Audit that evauluates care and services provided in health care
    Quality Assurance
  121. Human responses to health conditions that exist in an individual family or community
    Actual Nursing Diagnosis
  122. a systemic, dynamic process by which the nurse through interaction with the client, significant others, and health care providers, collects and analyzes data about the client
  123. Provides information about the facts or events in a persons life
    Biographic Data
  124. Assignment of a health care provider to a patient so that the care is overseen by one individual
    Case Management
  125. Certain physiologic complications that nurses monitor to detect onset or changes in status
    Collaborative problem
  126. Multidisciplinary plan that schedules clinical interventions over an anticipated time frame for high risk high volume high cost cases
    Clinical Pathways
  127. Synonym for subjective and objective data
  128. a large store or bank of information
  129. the clinical cues, signs and symptoms that furnish the evidence that the problem exists
    Defining characteristics
  130. Acts that are permitted to be performed or prohibited from being performed.
    (What should or should not be done)
    Standards of Care
  131. Define and limit the scope of nursing practice.
    Define the role and responsibility of the nurse.
    need to know what can and cannot do while providing care.
    Nurse Practice Act
  132. Physiological needs
    Security and Safety
    Love and Belonging
    Maslow's Hiearchy of Basic Human Needs
  133. Precautions: E Coli (Intestinal)
  134. Precautions: Rotavirus
  135. Precautions: Hepatitis A
  136. Precautions: RSV
  137. Precautions: C Diff
  138. Precautions: Shigella
  139. Precautions: Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
  140. Precautions: Skin Infections
  141. Precautions: MRSA
  142. Precautions: VRE
  143. Precautions: TB Tuberculosis
  144. Precautions: Measles (Rubeola)
  145. Precautions: Chickenpox (Varicella)
  146. Precautions: Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
    Airborne and Contact (Depending)
  147. gr to gram
    Divide by 15 
  148. gram to grain
    multiply by 15
  149. gram to miligram
    decimal three to the right
  150. miligram to gram
    decimal three to the left
  151. grain to miligram
    multiply by 60
  152. miligram to grain
    divide by 60
  153. minim to mL
    divide by 15
  154. mL to minim
    Multiply by 15
  155. miligram to microgram
    decimal three to the right
  156. microgram to miligram
    decimal three to the left
  157. NeuroVascular Assessment 6 P's
    • Pain
    • Pulse
    • Pallor
    • Parasthesia
    • Paralysis
    • Palpate tense tissue
  158. Joints: Thumb
  159. Joints: Hip
    Ball and Socket
  160. Joints: Ankle
  161. Joints: Foot
  162. Joints: Toes
  163. Joints: Hip
    Ball and Socket
  164. Personal Space Zones: 0 - 18 inches
    Intimate Zone
  165. Personal Space Zones: 18 inches to 4 Feet
    Personal Zone
  166. Personal Space Zones: 4-12 feet
    Social Zone
  167. Personal Space Zones: 12 or more feet
    Public Zone
  168. Factors: 
    Altered Cognition
    Sensory Impaired
    Physiologic Factors
  169. Factors: 
    Psychosocial Factors
  170. Gather information about the client's condition
  171. Identify the client's problems
  172. Set goals of care and desired outcomes and identify appropriate nursing actions
    Plan and Identify outcomes
  173. Perform the nursing actions identified in planning
  174. Determine if goals met and outcomes achieved.
  175. Cranial Nerve I
  176. Cranial Nerve II
    Optic nerve
  177. Cranial Nerve III
  178. Cranial Nerve IV
    Trochlear nerve/pathic nerve
  179. Cranial Nerve V
  180. Cranial Nerve VI
    Abducens Nerve
  181. Cranial Nerve VII
    Facial Nerve
  182. Cranial Nerve VIII
  183. Cranial Nerve IX
  184. Cranial Nerve X
    Vagus nerve
  185. Cranial Nerve XI
    Accessory nerve/Spinal Accessory nerve
  186. Cranial Nerve XII
  187. Precautions: Aids
  188. Precautions: Diarrhea
    Standard (Unless Infectious)
  189. Precautions: Head or body Lice
  190. Precautions: Impetigo
  191. Precautions: Infected pressure sore with no drainage
  192. Precautions: Infected pressure sore with heavy drainage
  193. Precautions: Influenza
  194. Precautions: Mumps
  195. Precautions: Pseudomembranous Colitis
  196. Precautions: Scabies
  197. Precautions: Syphilis
  198. Precautions: TB of the lungs
  199. Acronyms: Orally
  200. Acronyms: As often as necessary
  201. Acronyms: Every
  202. Acronyms: Every hour
  203. Acronyms:  Rage of motion
  204. Acronyms: Treatment
  205. Acronyms: without
    s (with a bar over the top)
  206. Acronyms: Immediately
  207. Acronyms: Three times a day
  208. Acronyms: Temperature, Pulse, Respirations
  209. Acronyms:  Before meals
  210. Acronyms: Arterial Blood gases
  211. Acronyms: Freely as Desired
    ad lib
  212. Acronyms: Activities of Daily Living
  213. Acronyms: Against Medical Advice
  214. Acronyms: Two times a day
  215. Acronyms:  Bathroom privleges
  216. Acronyms: with
    c with a line over the top
  217. Acronyms: complains of
  218. Acronyms: Do not Resuscitate
  219. Acronyms: Diagnosis
  220. Acronyms: Fracture
  221. Acronyms: History and Physical Examination
    H & P
  222. Acronyms: Intake and Output
    I & O
  223. Acronyms: Intramuscular
  224. Acronyms: Intravenous
  225. Acronyms: Keep vein Open
  226. Acronyms: Nothing by Mouth
  227. -reduces number of pathogens
    -referred to as "clean technique"
    -used in administration of medications enemas tube feedings and daily hygiene.
    Medical Asepsis
  228. -Eliminates all pathogens
    -Referred to as "Sterile technique"
    -used in: Dressing changes, catheterizations, surgical procedures
    Surgical Asepsis
  229. A S2 heart sound represents
    Closure of the aortic and pulmonic valves
  230. The tricuspid valve sound is best heard at the
    4th intercostal space, left sternal border
  231. If you identify that a patient has 3+ edema, you estimate it as
  232. Begins abruptly with intense signs and symptoms
  233. High pitched, loud, rushing bowel sound
  234. A thud-like sound heard with percussion
  235. Refers to the cause of disease
  236. Softening of tissue by wetting or soaking
  237. A closed passage under the surfaceof the skin
  238. A passageway under the surface of the skin that is open at both ends
  239. Yellow necrotic dead tissue
    Yellow Slough
  240. Black dead necrotic tissue
    Black Eschar
  241. Pink to red beefy tissue
  242. Thin, Watery, Clear
  243. Thin watery, pale red to pink
  244. Dark red, Bloody
  245. Thin or thick, opaque tan or yellow.
  246. Abnormal firmness
  247. Profuse Sweating
  248. A condition in which there is a temporary loss of consciousness associated with an increased rate of respiration, tachycardia, pallor, perspiration, and coolness of the skin
  249. Association is the official membership organization for licensed practical nurses/
  250. This woman had the gretest impact on nursing during the 19th century
    Florence Nightingale
  251. The following certification is offered to an LPN/LVN
    Long-Term Care
  252. Hippocrates, known as the father of medicine was a progressive physician, and his work is the basis for which type of approach regarding patient care?
  253. In 1892 in Brooklyn, New York the first school of training for practical nurse was established. The school is known as 
    Ballard School
  254. AVPU    A
  255. AVPU     V
    Verbal Stimuli
  256. AVPU     P
    Painful Stimuli
  257. AVPU      U
  258. Small, round swollen area on the skin typically seem in allergic skin reactions such as hives and usually accompanied by urticaria
  259. Open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane
  260. A blister, small fluid filled raised spot on the skin
  261. Fluid filled sa under the skin
  262. Crack like lesion or groove on the skin
  263. A torn or jagged wound, incorrectly used to describe a cut
  264. Flat discolored area that is flush with the skin surface, Example is a freckle or a birthmark
  265. Firm solid mass of cells in the skin larger than 0.5 cm in diameter
  266. Small solid circular raised spot on the surface of the skin less than 0.5 cm in diameter
  267. Raised spot on the skin containing pus
  268. A set of learned values, beliefs, customs and practices taught that are shared by a group and passed from one generation to another is called
  269. A jehova's witness patient is admitted. the following treatments most likely will be refused based on religious beliefs
    Blood transfusion
  270. The nurse is doing discharge teaching with an African American regrding nutrition intake. when developing this plan the nurse is aware that the common practice of african american is to eat
    Fried Foods
  271. The bodys temperature is regulated by which center in the brain
  272. While doing an assessment on a patient, you want to check blood flow to the foot, which plse would you use to assess?
    Dorsalis Pedis
  273. When caring for patients, the nurse knows that part of the ethical principes include all patients having the same right to nursing interventions. This principle is:
  274. Adventitious Breath Sounds:
    abnormal sounds in the lungs
  275. Squeeky sound-high pitched
  276. Fizzing sound produced by moisture in airway
    Rales (Crackles)
  277. Gurgling sound in the bronchial tubes low pitched resulting from airflow across passages, which are narrowed by fluids, tumors, swelling
  278. 5 Areas for Listening to the Heart: listen them NOW
    • Aortic
    • Pulmonic
    • Erbs Point
    • Tricuspid
    • Mitral (Bicuspid)
  279. Right 2nd intercostal space
  280. Left 2nd Intercostal Space (The only one breath in and out)
  281. (s1 and s2) left 3rd intercostal space
    Erbs Point
  282. Lower left, Sternal border, 4th intercostal
  283. Left 5th, intercostal, medial to midclavicular line
  284. Reflex test done on the feet
  285. Levels of Orientation: x1
  286. Levels of Orientation: x2
  287. Levels of Orientation: x3
  288. Levels of Orientation: x4
  289. Physical Assessment Techniques: (Except Abdomen) order
    • 1.) Inspection
    • 2.) Palpation
    • 3.) Percussion
    • 4.) Auscultation
  290. Physical Assessment Techniques: Abdomen Order
    • 1.) Inspection
    • 2.) Auscultation
    • 3.) Percussion
    • 4.) Palpation
  291. Unresolved grief or complicated mourning
    Dysfunctional Grieving
  292. The study of death and dying
  293. An illness or an abnormal condition or quality
  294. To expect, await, or prepare oneself for the loss of a family member or significant other
    Anticipatory Grief
  295. A common depressed reaction to the death of a loved one
  296. Condition being subject to death
  297. A pattern of physical or emotional responses to bereavement, seperation or loss
  298. A signed and witnessed document providing specific instructions for health care treatments in the event that a person is unable to make those decisions
    Advance Directives
  299. An action deliberately taken with the purpose of shortening life to end suffering or carry out the wishes of a terminally ill patient
  300. A signed and dated document that must be notarized and which gives one or more individuals the ability to make decisions on behalf of a person.
    Durable power of attorney
  301. Stipulates physicians who will certify death shall not be involved in removal or transplant of organs
    Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (UAGA)
  302. The color of the sclera is yellow
    Scleral Icterus
  303. Dizziness, feeling of motion when one is stationary
  304. Which organs are known as vital organs which are used for transplantation?
    Spleen, Gallbladder, Liver, Pancreas, and Heart
  305. Withholding resuscitative measures
    Passive Euthanasia
  306. Written document that contains the patient's wishes
    A Living Will
  307. is an agent who makes health care decisions for a patient
    Durable power of Attorney
  308. The difference between grief and bereavement
    • Grief is a response to a loss
    • bereavement is a depressed response to death
  309. When a nurse has experienced multiple losses and is not processing them
    Bereavement Overload
  310. 60 mg = __ gr
    60 mg = 1 gr
  311. 15 gr = ___ gm
    15 gr = 1 gm
  312. 1 mL = ___ cc
    1 mL = 1 cc
  313. 1 gm = __ cc
    1 gm = 1 cc
  314. 2.2 lb = __ kg
    2.2 lb = 1 kg
  315. 1/60 gr = __ mg
    1/60 = 1 mg
  316. 1 T = __ t.
    1 T = 3 t.
  317. 1 T = __ mL
    1 T = 15 mL
  318. 1 mg = ___ mcg
    1 mg = 1,000 mcg
  319. Precautions : Sepsis
  320. Precautions : Scarlet Fever
  321. Precautions : Streptococcal Pharyngitis
  322. Precautions : Pertussis
  323. Precautions : Parvovirus B 19
  324. Precautions : Pneumonia
  325. Precautions : Influenza
  326. Precautions : Diptheria
  327. Precautions : Epiglottis
  328. Precautions : Rubella
  329. Precautions : Meningitis
  330. Precautions : Mycoplasma
  331. Precautions : Adenovirus
  332. 1 ml = __ cc
    1 mL = 1 cc
  333. 1 tsp = ___ mL
    1 tsp = 5 mL
  334. 15 gr = ___ mg
    15 gr = 1,000 mg
  335. 15 gr = __ gm
    15 gr = 1 gm
  336. 30 gm = ___ oz
    30 gm = 1 oz
  337. 1 gr = ___ mg
    1 gr = 60 mg
  338. 0.4 mg = ___ gr
    0.4 = 1/150 gr
  339. 1 L = ___ mL
    1 L = 1,000 mL
  340. 1kg = ___ lb
    1 kg = 2.2 lb
  341. A nurse is calculating a client's intake over the last 8 hr. The client had 1 cup of coffee and 3 oz of juice with breakfast, and 12 oz of soda for lunch. The clients bedside water pitcher was filled to 800 mL and there is now 200 mL remaining. In addition the client had intravenous fluids running at 40 mL/hr on an IV pump. The nurse charts the clients total intake as
    1610 mL
  342. Sign of lung disease and is found in patients with chronic hypoxic conditions. Finding may initially manifested as sponginess of the nailbed and loss of the nailbed angle
    Clubbing of the Fingers
  343. Expectoration of blood from the respitory tract
  344. High pitched, heard during inspiration NOT cleared by a cough
  345. Rumbling course sounds like a snore, during inspiration or expiration may clear with coughing or suctioning (Continous)
  346. Musical noise during inspiration or expiration. Usually louder during expiration (continous)
  347. The patient legally consents to an invasive procedure knowing what is to be performed during the procedure and all the risks and possible complications
    Informed Consent
  348. What is the nurses responsibility after a specimen has been collected?
    Label the specimen, ensure the delivery to the lab and assess the results.
  349. What precautions should the nurse take when obtaining a specimen
    Standard precautions
  350. What is the function of a 24-hour urine specimen
    Indicates renal function and urinary output
  351. Eject mucus, sputum or fluids from the trachea and lungs
  352. Blood Collection System
  353. Inserting a needle into a large vein to obtain a specimen
  354. A labratory test involving growing microorganisms in a special medium
  355. Substance used to preserve a specimen
  356. Left in the bladder after voiding
    Residual Urine
  357. A labratory method used to determine effectiveness of an antibiotic
  358. Best time of day to obtain a sputum specimen?
  359. Following a lumber puncture, the nurse should
    Instruct the patient to lie flat for up to 12 hours
  360. When obtaining a urine specimen from a patient with an indwelling catheter the nurse should:
    clamp the drainage tubing for 30 minutes before specimen collection begins
  361. Which of the following interventions is correct when performing a 24 hour urine specimen test?
    Discard the first voiding