nervous system

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  1. evolutionary development of rostral to caudal
  2. 3 primary vesicles that form at the anterior end
    prosencephalon, mesencephalon, and rhombencephalon
  3. Prosencephalon becomes the what secondary vesicles
    telencephalon and diencephalon
  4. the Mesencephalon becomes the what secondary vesicles
    remains the same
  5. the rhombencephalon becomes the what secondary vescicles
    metencephalon and myelencephalon
  6. the telencephalon becomes
    cerebral hemishpheres
  7. the diencephalon becomes the
    epithalamus, thalamus, and hypothalamus and retina
  8. the mesencephalon becomes the
  9. THE  metencephalon becomes the
    pons and cerebellum
  10. myelencephalon becomes
    medulla oblongata
  11. the central cavity of the neural tube becomes what
  12. what are the four adult brain regions
    cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem(midbrain, pons and medulla) cerebellum
  13. the outer layer of the brain is white or gray matter and what is it called
    gray matter, cortex
  14. what is the scattered gray matter amid the white matter in the brain
  15. the lateral and third ventrical are connected by what
    interventricular foramen
  16. the third ventricla and the fourth ventrical are connected by what
    cerebral aqueduct
  17. the c-shaped ventrical in the hemishperes are separtated by what
    septum pellucidum
  18. the fourth ventrical has three openings what are they called
    paired of lateral spertures and median apertur in roof
  19. the fulid filled space of the brain
    subarachnoid space
  20. the ridges of the brain
  21. the shallow grooves of the brain
  22. the deep grooves of the brain
  23. this separates the two hemispheres
    longitudinal fissure
  24. this separates the cerebrum and cerebellum
    transverse cerebral fissure
  25. whart are the five lobes of the brain
    • frontal
    • parietal
    • temperal
    • occipital
    • insula
  26. this separates the precentral hyrus of the frontal lobe and the postcentral gyrus of the of the parietal lobe
    central sulcus
  27. this separates the occipital and parietal lobes
    parieto-occipital sulcus
  28. what are the three basic regions of the brain
    • cerebral cortex - gray matter superficialy
    • white matter - internally
    • basal nuclei - deep within white matter
  29. this is the site of conscius mind - awareness, sensory perception, voluntary motor initiation, communication, memory, storage, and understanding
    cerebral cortex
  30. what is the three functional areas of the cerebral cortex
    • motor areas
    • sensory areas
    • association areas
  31. this functional area controls voluntary movement
    motor areas
  32. this functional area is the conscious awareness of sensation
    sensory areas
  33. this functional area integrates diverse information
    association areas
  34. each hemisphere is  concerned with the opp. side of the body
  35. does conscious behavior involves the entire cortex
    yes in some way
  36. this area allows conscious contral of precise, skilled, skeletal muscle movements
    primary motor cortex
  37. helps plan movements, staging area for skilled motor activites
    controls learned, repetitous or patterned motro skills, corrdinates simultaneous or sequential actions, controls voluntary actions that depend on sensory feedback
    premotor cortex
  38. this is present in one hemisphere(usually the left)
    motor speech area that directs muscles of speech production
    active in plannign speech and voluntary motro activites
    broca's area
  39. controls voluntary eye movements
    frontal eye field
  40. this recieves general sensory information form skin, and proprioceptors
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nervous system

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