Urinary System

Card Set Information

Author:
daniellemarie
ID:
186739
Filename:
Urinary System
Updated:
2012-12-02 23:20:14
Tags:
HAPS
Folders:

Description:
urinary system
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user daniellemarie on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What are the functions of the urinary system
    • regulate blood volume and blood pressure
    • regulates ion/electrolyte concentration of blood at the kidney
    • regulates pH of the blood in the kidney
    • eliminates liquid waste products
  2. how does the urinary system regulate blood volume and pressure
    • adjusts the volume of water lost in the urnien
    • releases erythropoietin and renin within the kidney
  3. what is the pathway of urine
    kidneys( nephron, renal pyramid, renal papill, minor calyx, major calyx, renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, urethra,) ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
  4. what are the parts of the urinary system
    • kidney
    • ureters
    • urinary bladder
    • urethra
  5. What part of the urinary system produces urine
    kidney
  6. what part of the urinary system is located in the retropertitoneum
    kidney
  7. what is the medial indentation of the kidney that is the point of entry for the renal artery and exit for the renal vein and ureter
    hilus
  8. what is the internal space in the kidney that connects the hilus to the medulla
    renal sinus
  9. What enters and exits through the renal sinus of the kidney
    • renal arteries and veins
    • lympathic vessels
    • nerves
    • ureters
  10. what is the thin outer part of the kidney that contains 1.25 million nephrosn
    cortex
  11. what is the thick inner portion of the kidney that contains between 6 and 18 renal pyramids
    medulla
  12. what are the visible striations that can be seen within the pyramids of the medulla
    collecting tubules that transfer urine formed in cortex to the renal papilla
  13. What part of the kidney cleans blood by forming urine from its metabloic wastes through filtration, secretions, and reabsorption
    nephron
  14. how does a nephron use filtation to clean blood
    filters blood through pores
  15. how does a nephron use secretion to clean blood
    secretes into tubes any waste products missed during filtration
  16. how does a nephron use reabsorption to clean blood
    absorbs useful organic substances and water from filtrate
  17. what part of the kidney recieves and filters blood from the afferent arteriole
    renal corpuscle
  18. What part of the kidneys is a network of capillaries that contain small pores that through hydrostatic pressure force blood plasma out of the capillaries into the renal tubule system
    glomerulus
  19. where does blood go to once it has passed through the glomerulus
    efferent arteriole
  20. where does blood go to once it goes through the efferent arteriole
    peritubular capillaries
  21. after the peritubular capillaries where does the blood move to
    renal vein where it leaves the kidney
  22. what part of the kidney is a tube system that stars with filtrate and alters it to from urine
    renal tubule
  23. what are the 5 parts of the renal tubule
    • renal/bowman's capsule
    • proximal convoluted tubule
    • loop of henle
    • distal convoluted tubule
    • collecting tubule/duct
  24. what part of the renal tubule is a small space surrounding the glomerulus that patures the filtrate
    renal/bowman's capsule
  25. what part of the renal tubule moves filtrate from bowman's capsule to loop of henle
    proximal convoluted tubule
  26. what part of the renal tubule moves filtrate from PCT to distal convoluted tubule
    loop of henle
  27. what part of the renal tubule moves filtrate from loop of henle to collecting tubule/duct
    distal convoluted tubule
  28. what part of the renal tubule moves urine/former filtrate from DCT to minor calyx
    collecting tubule duct
  29. What 3 processes form urine and maintain blood homeostasis
    • filtration
    • reabsorption
    • secretion
  30. what process of urine formation is the hyrdostatic pressure caused by a dramatic change in vessel size, forces blood plasma from glomerulus to the bowman's capsule to form filtrate
    filtration
  31. what process of urine formation is the movement of molecules out of the tubule and into the peritubular blood vessels by active and passive transport processes
    reabosorption
  32. where does most reabsorption occur
    proximal tubule
  33. what process of urine formation is the movement of molecules out of the peritubular blood vessels into the tubule
    secretion
  34. where does most secretion occur
    distal tubule and collecting tubule/duct
  35. what is the liquid waste formed by the kidneys, sent by ureters to the bladder and released through the urethra called
    urine
  36. where is urine stored until it is released through the urethra
    bladder
  37. what percent of urine is water
    95
  38. what percent of urine is nitrogenous wastes, electrolytes, toxins, pigments, hormones, and abnormal material
    5
  39. what hormone of the urinary system is made by the hypothalmus and released by the pituitary gland
    antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
  40. what horomone increases water reabsorption by making the DCT and collecting tubule more permeable
    ADH 
  41. what happens when there is more ADH
    more permeability less urine
  42. what hormone of the urinary system is made and secreted by the adrenal cortex
    aldosterone
  43. what horomone increases tubule permeability
    aldosterone
  44. what homrone increases water and salt reaborption, producing less uring volume but higher concentration
    aldosterone
  45. what hormone is made and secreted by the heart
    atrial natriuertic hormone (ANH)
  46. what hormone stimulates the secretion of water and salt from the peritubular blood vessels into the tubules
    ANH
  47. what hormone causes an increase in urine volume and decrease in urine concentration
    ANH
  48. what are the 3 hormones in the urinary system
    • antidiuretic hormone
    • aldosterone
    • atrial natriuertic hormone
  49. what part of the urinary system carries urine from the renal pelvis of each kidney to the urinary bladdder
    ureters
  50. what part of the urinary system is hollow, muscular and stores urine before its eliminated via the urethra
    urinary bladder
  51. what part of the urinary system controls urination
    urinary sphincter
  52. when will the bladder empty itself
    300-400 ml of urine is accumulated
  53. what part of the urinary system releases urine from the bladder and semen from the testicles
    urethra
  54. what is the process of urine release via the urethra called
    • urination
    • micturation
    • voiding
  55. what urinary disorder is the absense of urine
    anuria
  56. what urinary disorder is a small amout of urine produced
    oliguria
  57. what urinary disorder is when large amount of urine are produced
    polyuria
  58. what is a slender, rubber tube intserted into the urethra to expel urine from the bladder
    catheter
  59. what urinary disorder occurs when posterior pituitary does not produce enough ADH causing polyuria and thirst
    diabetes insipidus
  60. what are drugs that promote fluid loss in the urine
    diuretics
  61. what urinary disorder is a hereditary disease in which excess uric acid is produced, which in turn crystallizes and accumulates in the joints and kieney
    gout
  62. what urinary disorder is blood loss in urine
    hematuria
  63. what urinary disorder is  the inability to control urination voluntarily
    incontinence
  64. what urinary disorder is hereditary, late-onset disease in which the kidneys contain numerous cysts or holes which lead to renal failure
    polycystic disease
  65. what urinary disorder is the decrease in glomerular filtration which can be acute or chronic
    renal failure
  66. what urinary disorder is the inability to void
    retention
  67. what is the physical and chemical analysis of urine to detect abnormalities
    urinalysis
  68. what urinary disorder occurs when intestinal bacterium E.coli gets into the baldder
    UTI
  69. what are the symptoms of a UTI
    • blood in urine
    • painful urination-dysuria
    • frequent urination

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview