Small Animal Nursing
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. What would you like to do?
What is a veterinary technician?
Person who formally trains for the specific purpose of assisting a licensed veterinarian in the performance of professional or technical services in the field of veterinary medicine and biomedical/lab research
What are the requirements that must be met for a person to become a veterinary technician?
- Associates degree
- Sit for VTNE and pass
- Fullfillment of state requirements (LVT, CVT, RVT)
What does the AVMA stand for and what are they responsible for?
- American Veterinary Medical Association
- Accredit veterinary technician educational programs
- Protects animal and human health by working closely with the CDC and National Academy of Science
What is the VTNE and who administers it?
- Veterinary Technician National Exam
- AAVSB (American Association of Veterinary State Boards)
Who is NAVTA and what do they stand for?
- North American Veterinary Technician Association
- Represent and promote the profession of Veterinary Technology
- Devoted to developing and enhancing the profession through education, advocacy and promotion w/in the idustry and general public
What is the CVMA?
- Colorado Veterinary Medical Association
- Proactive group representing veterinary medicine settings such as clinical practice, public health, academe, industry and military
What is CACVT?
- Colorado Association of Certified Veterinary Technicians
- Voluntary membership providing certification in the state of Co for VTs
- Requires continuing education and dues paid q2yrs in June
What is the difference between and LVT, CVT and RVT?
- LVT: permission to do something which would otherwise be unacceptable if permission was not given through an authority
- CVT: bestowed by private sectors, non-profit professional organization, or an independent board. Generally nongovernmental.
- RVT: can be equivalent to licensure or differ in that criteria for registration may not exist and registration may not be required for practice
What are the 4 things that a veterinary technician cannot legal do?
Under the NAVTA code of ethics, a VT shall do what?
- Aid society & animals through providing excellent care and services
- Prevent/relieve suffering of animals
- Promote public health by assisting in the control of zoonotic dz & informing the public about such dz
- Assume accountability for individual professional actions & judgement
- Protect confidential info provided by clients
- Safegaurd the public and profession against individuals deficient in professional competence or ethics
- Assist w/ efforts to ensure conditions of employment consists of excellent care for animals
- Remain competent in veterinary technology through commitment to lifelong learning
- Collaborate w/ members of veterinary medical profession in efforts to ensure quality health care services for all animals
Care which falls below the standard which results in injury to the animal
Departure from the standard of care
Lack of knowledge or skill
Failure to provide the standard of care
What is immediate supervision?
Supervising veterinarian is in the immediate area and within visual and audible range of the animal and the person treating the animal
What is direct supervision?
Supervising veterinarian is on the premises or in the same area within audible range and is quickly and easily available
What is indirect supervision? Is it legal in Co?
Supervising veterinarian is not on the premises but has given written or oral instructions for tx of the animal
What must be known before venipuncture is preformed?
- Lab tests ordered
- Amount of blood required
What supplies should be gathered for venipuncture?
- Vacutainer (if used)
- Tubes required for specific testing
- Muzzle/muzzle gauze (if needed)
- Bandage material
- Tourniquet (if needed)
How much blood should be gathered if medically reasonable?
3x the amount needed
Describe the process of venipuncture.
- Gather supplies
- Break seal on syringe
- Place needle on syringe (if not already attached)
- Choose appropriate vein
- Restrain animal appropriately & hold off vein to palpate its location
- Moisten w/ alcohol to distend the vein, flatten hair & clean area before introducing the needle to the vein
- While holding the syringe at the plunger, insert needle bevel up with the needle length parallel to the vein
- Draw blood into syringe @ steady pace to prevent collapsing the vein
Why should you start distal on the vein during venipuncture?
If there is damage to the vein it does not affect the sample obtained at a more proximal collection site
Why eould you not puncture the skin with the same needle more thatn 2x?
- Dulls the needle
- Activates tissue clotting factors which leads to false results in CBC platelet counts and clotting time tests
If blood stops flowing before the desired amount is retrieved, what can you try doing before pulling out?
- Stop aspiration to allow vessel to fill again if collapsed
- Rotate the needle in case of the bevel resting against the vein wall
- Pump the extremity to improve bloodflow or reposition the head
Why do you release pressure from the vein before removing the needle?
To avoid the formation of a hematoma
When multiple tubes are needed for collection, what is the order that they should be filled in?
Blue, purple, green, red
Why is blood never forced into a tube?
It may cause hemolysis and alter results
When using a vacutainer, when should the tube be seated in the needle? Why?
Once the skin is punctured and you see a flash of blood because attaching the tube too soon can cause the pressure in the tube to pull air into the tube rather than blood and not only lead to erronous results, but pull inadequate amounts of blood into the tube
What are the benefits of a vacutainer?
- Good for multiple tube collection
- Better quality of samples
Why is a butterfly beneficial in situations involving fractious cats?
Allows movement of the syringe without moving the needle which decreases the chance of losing access to the vein
What are the venipuncture sites for the canine?
- Lateral saphenous
- Sublingual vein
- Medial saphenous/femoral
What are the venipuncture sites used in the feline?
- Femoral/medial saphenous
- Lateral saphenous/recurrent tarsal
- Marginal ear vein
What is the marginal ear vein typically used for in cats?
Obtaining small amounts of blood for blood parasites or glucose testing
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