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1) A world with freedom is better than a world without
2) If God creates beings with free will, God chooses to
limit his power
3) If God chooses to limit his own power, then there are
some limits to what God can do
4) So, there are some limits to what God can do; God cannot control the free choices of his creatures
5) No evil is necessary and can be eliminated, not by God but by people who hold free choices
Free Will Defense
1) If God is perfect, then he is above moral categories
2) God is perfect
3) Therefore, God is above moral categories
God is above evil
1) If human beings make free choices that imply that parts
of the future can not be known, then evil is a lack of omniscience of God due to free choice.
2) Human beings make free choices.
3) Evil is possible and is a lack of omniscience of God due to free choice.
1) If things that appear to be evil are instrumentally good (evils of world are necessary to see good) then it is Mackie’s argument is false
2) Things that appear to be evil are instrumentally good
3) Therefore Mackie’s argument is false
- Proposed solutions (Be able to state, explain and evaluate each of these)
- Best of all possible worlds (All evil is necessary)
1) God is morally perfect
2) God is omnipotent
2.5) God is omniscient
3) There is evil
4) A good being always eliminates all the evil it knows
about and can eliminate as far as it can
5) There are no limits to what an omnipotent being can do
6) There are no limits to what an omniscient being knows
The provilblem of E