New Test

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New Test
2012-12-03 14:04:17
New test

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  1. Atonement
    The doctrine that indicates how a person who is condemned by sin can be placed in a right standing before God by means of a sacrafice.
  2. Augurs
    A group of pagan priests in Rome who could interpret the will of the gods by "taking the auspices"
  3. Auspicy
    A form of divination in which specially appointed priests could determin the will of the gods by observing the flight patterns or eating habits of birds.
  4. Autograph
    The original manuscripts of a literary text, from the Greek word meaning "the writting itself"
  5. Beloved Desciple
  6. Caiaphis
    Jewish high priest at the time of Jesus' death
  7. Catholic
    From the Greek word meaning "universal" or "general", used of the New Test. epistels James, 1 and 2 Peter, 1,2 and 3 John, Jude, and sometimes Hebrews.
  8. Charismatic Communities
    Communities of believers led not by leaders but by the Spirit of God
  9. Christology
    Any teaching about the nature of Christ
  10. Clement of Rome
    One of the early leaders of the church of Rome who is the traditional author of the noncanon book 1 Clement
  11. Comparative Method
    A method used to study litarary text by compairing it's simularities to and differences from other, related texts, whether these related texts were used as a source or not.
  12. Constantine
    First Roman emperor who converted to Christianity
  13. Contextual Method
    A method used to study a literary text by first determining it's social and historical context then using that context to determine the texts meaning.
  14. Criterion of contextual credibility
    One of the criteria commonly used by scholors to establish historically reliable material.
  15. Cosmos
    The Greek word for "world"
  16. Cynics
    Greco-Roman philosiphers, comonly portrayed as street preachers, who harangued their audiances and encouraged them to find true freedom by liberating themselves from all social conventions
  17. Daimonia
    A divine being less powerful than gods but more powerful than humans
  18. Deacon
    Leaders given the responsibility of tending to the physical needs of the community
  19. Deutero-Pauline Epistles
    Ephesians, Colossions, and 2 Thesilonians which have a secondary standing in the Pauline corpus because scholors debate if they were really written by Paul
  20. Diatesseron
    A "gosple harmony" produced by the mid second century Syrian Christian Tatian, who took the four gosples and combined their story into one long narative.
  21. Diatribe
    A rhetorical device used by Greek and Latin authors in which an imaginary opponent raises objections to one's views only to be answered successfully so as to move an argument forward. (Romans)
  22. Criterion of Dissimilarity
    One of the criteria commonly used by scholars to establish  historiccal reliable material. the criterion manintains that if a saying or deed of Jesus does not coincide with the agenda of the early Christians it is more likely to be authentic.
  23. Divination
    Any practice used to assert the will of the gods.
  24. Docetism
    The view that Jesus was not a human being but only appeared to be
  25. Ebionites
    A group of second century Adoptionists who maintained Jewish practices and Jweish forms of worship
  26. Epicureans
    Ancient group of followers of the Greek philosopher Epicurus, who maintained the gods were removed from the concerns of himan life and so were not to be feared or placted. Happiness come in establishing a peaceful harmony with other like minded people and enjoying th simple pleaseures of daily existence
  27. Eschatology
    Literally the study of the end times. A technical term that is used to describe notions of what will happen at the end, either the end of a persons life or the end of the world.
  28. Essenes
    An apocalyptic and ascetic Jewish sect started during the Maccabean period, members of which are generally thought to have produced the Dead Sea Scrolls
  29. Extispicy
    A form of divination in Greek and Roman religions in which a specially appointed priest would examine the entrails of a sacrificed animal to determine whether it had been accepted by the gods.
  30. Four source hypothesis
    Four sources behind the Gospels; Mark (for Mathew and Luke), Q (for Mathew and Luke), M (Mathew) and L (Luke)
  31. Fulfillment Citations
    A literary device used by Mather in which he states shomething experienced or done by Jesus "fulfilled what was spoken of by a Hebrew prother in Scripture
  32. Gamatria
    Jewish method of interpreting a work on the basis of the numberical value of its letters
  33. General History
    A genre of ancient literature that traced the signigicant events in the history of a people to sho how their character was established
  34. Genius
    A mans guardian spirit (womans was called Luno)
  35. Gnosticism
    A group of ancient religions, some of them closely related to Christianity, that maintained that elements of the divine had become entrapped in this evil world of matter and could be released only when they acquired the secret gnosis of who they were and of how they could escape. Generally though to be brought by an emissary of the divine realm.
  36. Gospel Harmony
    Any literary attempt to take several Gospels and combine them into a longer, more complete Gospel, by incorporating the varios accounts into one.
  37. Hanina ben Dosa
    A well-known Galilean rabbi of the first centruy, who was reputed to have done miracles comparable to those of Jesus
  38. Haruspex
    In Roman religion, a specially trained priest skilled in the practice of extispicy
  39. Heresy
    Any worlsview or set of beliefs deemed by those im power to be devient.
  40. Historiography
    The literary reconstruction of historical events; the writting of history, and the study and analysis of historical narrative.
  41. Honi the "Circle-Drawer"
    A first century Galilean who was reputed to have sone miracles and had experiences similar to those of Jesus
  42. Ialdabaoth
    In Gnostic texts, the name of the creator god
  43. Criterion of Independent Attestation
    One of the criteria commonly used by scholars to establish historyically reliable material, with respect to the historical Jesus, the criterion maintains that if a saying or deed of Jesus is attested independently by more than one source, it is more likely to be authentic
  44. Isis
    Egyptian goddess worshiped in mystery cults throughout the Roman world
  45. Johannine Community
    The community of Christians in which the Gospel of John and the Johannine epistles were written
  46. Judaizer
    A Christian who insits that followers of Jesus need to keep all or part of the Jewish Law in order to have a right standing before God
  47. Judicial Model
    One of the two principal ways that Paul understood or condeptualized the relationship between Christ's death and salvation, According to this model, salvation is comparable to a legal decision, in which God, who is both lawmaker and judge, treats humans as "not-guilty" for committing axt of transgression against his law- even though they are guilty- because Jesus' death has been accepted as a payment
  48. Lares
    Household deities commonly worshiped in homes throughtout the Roman world, though to protect the home and it's inhabitants and often identified with the spirits of the family's ancestors
  49. Literary-Hisrorical Method
    A method used to study a literary text by asking how its genre text functioned in its historical context and by exploring, then, its historical meaning in light of its literary characteristics
  50. Markan priority
    The view that Mark was the first of the Synoptic Gosplest to be written and was one of the sources used by Mathew and Luke
  51. Messianic Secret
    Jesus already being shown to be the Messiah tries to keep it a secret according to Mark
  52. Mishnah
    A collection of oral traditions passed on by generations of Jewish rabbis who saw themselves as the descendants of the Pharisees, finally put into writting
  53. Parousia
    A Greek word meaning "resence" of "coming" used as a technical term to refer to the Second  Coming of Jesus in judgment at the end of time
  54. Participationist Model
    Ine of the two principal ways that Paul understood or conceptualized the realtionship between Christ's death and salvation. This model understood sin to be a cosmic force that enslaved peopl; salvation came by participatinog in Christ's death through baptism
  55. Passion
    From Greek word for "suffering" used as a technical term to refer to the traditions of Jesus' last days up to and including his crucifixion
  56. Pastoral Epistles
    NT letters that Paul allegedly wrote to two pastors, Timithy and Titus concerning their pastoral duties
  57. Pauline Corpus
    All of the letters of the NT that claim to be written by Paul, including the Deutero-Pauline and Pastoral Epistles.
  58. Pentateuch
    Literally the "five scrolls" in Greek, a term used to designate the first five book of the Hebrew Bible, aka the Torah or the Law of Moses
  59. Pesher
    An ancient Jewish way of interpreting Scripture used commonly in the commentaries from the Dead Sea Scrolls, in which a text was esxplained as having its fulfillment in persons or events of the present day
  60. Pharisees
    A Jesich sect which may have originated during the Maccabean period, that emphasized strict adherence to the purity laws set forth in the Torah
  61. Philosophy
    In the Roman world literally love of wisdom involved trying to understand the world and humans place in it so as to promote individual happiness through proper behavior and right thinking
  62. Presbyter
    From the Greek word that literally means "elder" the term came to apply not only to older men but in particular to leaders of the Christian churches who were principally in charge of spiritrual affairs as opposed to material affairs
  63. Prescript
    The formal begining of an epistle, normally including the names of the sender and addresses, a greeting and often a prayer or widh for good health
  64. Pseudepigrapha
    From the Greek, literally meaning "false writtings" and commonly referring to ancient noncanonical Jewish and Christiona literary texts
  65. Redaction criticism
    The study of how authors modilfied or edited their sources in view of their own vested interests and concerns
  66. Rhetoric
    The art of persuasion; in the Greco-Roman world, this involved training in the construction and anlysis of argumentation and was the principal subject of higher education
  67. Sadducees
    A Jewish party associated with the Temple cult and the Jewish priests who ran it, comprising principally the Jewish aristocracy in Judea, The party leader, the High Priest, seved as the highest ranking local official and chief liaison with Roman governor
  68. Sanhedrin
    A coucil of Jewish leaders headed by the High Priest, which played an adcisory role in matters of relisious and civil policy
  69. Scriptua Continuo
    The ancient practice of writting whithout using spaces to separate words
  70. Septaugint
    The translation of the Hebrew Scritrues into Greek
  71. Sicaril
    Latin meaning "daggermen" a designation for ta group of Jews responsible for the assassination of Jewish aristocrats thought to have collaborated with the Romans
  72. Signs Source
    A document no longer surviving thought by many scholars to have been used as one of the sources of Jesus' ministry in the Fourth Gospel
  73. Socio-Historical Method
    A method used to study a literary text that seeks to reconstruct the social history of the community that lay behind it
  74. Stoics
    Greco-Roman philosophers who urged people to understand the way th world worked and to live in accordance with it, letting nothing outside themselves affect their internal state of well-being
  75. Superapostles
    In 2 Corinthians a gourp of Paul's opponents who were rhetorically proficient and able to do spectaculare deeds, who clained that their remarkable abilities demonstrated that they, rather than Paul, were the true representatives of Christ
  76. Textual Cristicism
    An academic discipline that seeks to establish the original working of a text based on the surviving manuscripts
  77. Thematic Method
    A method used to study a leterary text by isolationg its leading ideas, or themes, and exploring them, seeing how htey are developed in the text, so as to understand the authors overarching emphases
  78. Vicarious Suffering
    The notion that one person's suffering occures in the place of or for the sake of another