12.5 The Artistic Renaissance: III

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DesLee26
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12.5 The Artistic Renaissance: III
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2012-12-03 15:51:41
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  1. End of 15th
    • a.      Italian painters, sculptors, and architects created new artistic environment
    •                                                               i.      Mastered new techniques for a scientific observation of the world around them and were now ready to move into individualistic forms of creative expression
    • 1.      Final stage of Renaissance art (1480-1520)= High Renaissance
    • a.      Shift to it was marked by increasing importance of Rome as a new cultural center of the Italian Renaissance
  2. a.      High renaissance
                                                                  i.      Dominated by work of da vinci, raphael , and Michelangelo
  3. a.      Da Vinci
    •                                                               i.      Transitional figure in shift to High Renaissance principles
    • 1.      Carried on the 15th c. experimental tradition by studying everything and even dissecting human bodies to see how nature worked
    • 2.      Stressed need to advance beyond such realismà High Renaissance’ spreoccupation with idealization of nature, or attempt to generalize from realistic portrayal to an ideal form
  4. Last Supper by Da Vinci
    • 1.      Painted in Milan
    • 2.      Brilliant summary of 15th c. trends in organization of space and use of perspective to depict subjects 3d
    • 3.      Philip is idealized and work embodies profound psychological dimensions
    • 4.      Gestures and movementà reveal person’s inner life
  5. a.      Raphael
    • a.      Raphael
    •                                                               i.      25: regarded as one of Italy’s best painters
    •                                                             ii.      Acclaimed for madonnas
    • 1.      Attempted to achieve ideal of beauty far surpassing human standards
    • 2.      Known for frescoes in Vatican Palace
    • 3.      School of Athens
    • a.      Reveals world of balance, harmony, and order
  6. a.      Michelangelo
    •                                                               i.      Painter, sculptor, architect
    •                                                             ii.      Influenced by Neoplatonism
    • 1.      Sistine chapel ceiling
    • a.      1508: Pope Julius II commissioned him to decorate chapel ceiling
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Not completed until 1512
    • b.      Attempted to tell story of fall of man through 9 scenes from Genesis
  7. Creation of Adamby Michelangelo
    • 1.      Adam awaits divine spark
    • a.      Adam reveals ideal type of human being with perfect proportions
    • 2.      Beauty of figures meant to be reflection of divine beauty; more beautiful= more God-like
  8. David by Michelangelo
    • 1.      Colossal marble statue commissioned by Florentine government in 1501 and completed in 1504
    • a.      Form of statue already in uncarved piece
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Out of piece of marble that was unused for 50 years, he created a 14 ft high figure, largest at time
    •                                                                                                                                     ii.      Proudly proclaims beauty of the human body and glory of human beings
  9. Architecture: Donato Bramante
    •                                                               i.      Donato Bramante
    • 1.      Came from Urbino but took up residence in Rome, where he designed a small temple on supposed site of Saint Peter’s martyrdom
  10. The Tempietto: Donato Bramante
    • a.      The Tempietto, or little temple, with its Doric columns surrounding a sanctuary enclosed by a dome, summarized the architectural ideals of the High renaissance
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Columns, dome, and sanctuary form a monumental and harmonious whole
    • 2.      Recaptured grandeur of ancient Rome, which led Pope Julius II to ask him to design new basilica for Rome= Saint Peter’s

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