12.6 The European State in the Renaissance: Ottoman Turks and End of Byzantine Empire

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12.6 The European State in the Renaissance: Ottoman Turks and End of Byzantine Empire
2012-12-03 16:23:19
Hour Quiz III

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  1. Eastern Europe
    • a.       E. Europe threatened by Ottoman Turks
    • b.      Byzantine Empire was buffer between Muslim Middle East and Latin West, but weakened by sack of Constantinople in 1204 and occupation by West
    •                                                               i.      Palaeologus dynasty tied to reestablish Byzantine power in Balkans after overthrow of Latin empire, threat from Turks doomed them
  2. Ottoman Turks
    •                                                               i.      Ottoman Turks spread, seizing Seljuk Turk lands and Byzantine Empire
    •                                                             ii.      1345: bypassed Constantinople and moved into Balkans
  3. Sultan Muran
    •                                                               i.      Under Sultan Muran
    • 1.      Ottomans moved through Bulgaria and into Serbain land, who provided strong opposition under King Lazarà Battle of Kosovo in 1389
    • a.       Ottomans defeated Serbs; both King Lazar and Sultan Murad died in battle
    • b.      Kosovo revered and remembered by Serbs
  4. 1453
    • a.       1453: Byzantine Empire fell
    •                                                               i.      80k troops vs. 7k
    • 1.      Sultan Mehmet II seiged Constantinople
    • a.       Used cannons with 26 ft. barrels that could launch stone balls up to 1200 lbs
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Walls breached
    •                                                                                                                                     ii.      Byzantine emperor died in final battle
    •                                                                                                                                   iii.      MehmetII reflected on passing nature of human glory
    • a.       1480: Bosnia , Albania, and Serbia added to Ottoman Empire
  5. After taking Constantinople
    • a.       they tried to complete conquest of Balkans
    •                                                               i.      Successful in taking Romanian territory of Wallachia in 1476
    • 1.      Resistance of Hungarians kept them from advancing up Danube valley
    • b.      End of 15th: until this time, internal problems and need to consolidate eastern frontiers kept turks from any further attacks on Europe
    • c.       Beginning of 16th: they’d renew offensive against West