HIS 101 FALL 2012 Final Exam (real)

Card Set Information

HIS 101 FALL 2012 Final Exam (real)
2012-12-03 17:54:28
HIS 101 FALL 2012 Final Exam real

HIS 101 FALL 2012 Final Exam (real)
Show Answers:

  1. The first civilizations developed in river valleys of the ___-___, ___, ___ and ___.
    • Tigris-Euphrates
    • Nile
    • Indus
    • Yellow
  2. Mesopotamia, land between the Tigris-Euphrates rivers, was developed by ___.
  3. ___ ___ was area with adequate rainfall for growing grains and grazing animals could find food.
    Fertile Crescent
  4. ___ ___ was responsible for establishing the world’s first empire.
    Sargon I
  5. ___, a Babylonian king, is best known for developing a code of law.
  6. The oldest existing literary work is the ___ of ___ in which king searches for power and immortality.
    • Epic
    • Gilgamesh
  7. The ___ ___ contains the history of the Hebrews.
    Old Testament
  8. ___, one of three Hebrew kings, guided Israel to its maximum power and splendor.
  9. ___ the Great of ___ is considered the greatest conqueror in the history of the ancient Near East.
    • Cyrus
    • Persia
  10. The religion of ___ was based on ethical ideas and the struggle between good and evil.
  11. Civilization in ___ began along the Indus River and the ___ Mountains separated India from the rest of Asia.
    • India
    • Himalayan
  12. ___’s climate is controlled by monsoon winds.
  13. ___ Maurya founded India’s first empire about 320 B.C.E.
  14. ___ Gautama was born a prince and renounced his birthright.  He defined the ___ ___ to happiness.
    • Siddhartha
    • Middle Way
  15. ___’s reign was marked by peace an toleration.
  16. Two epic Indian poems are ___ and ___.
    • Mahabharata
    • Ramayana
  17. ___’s geography isolated it from other centers of civilization.  Chinese civilization originated in the valleys of the ___ and ___ rivers.
    • China
    • Yangtze
    • Yellow
  18. ___ Dynasty rulers were often buried with hundreds of people.
  19. The Mandate of Heaven was introduced by the ___ Dynasty as a way to legitimize its power.  The Mandate also gave the people the right to ___ against their rulers.
    • Zhou
    • rebel
  20. ___ advanced the idea that government depends on the will of the people.  His primary concern was the improvement of ___ society.
    • Confucius
    • Chinese
  21. ___, one of several philosophies, supported the belief that people had to be forced into proper behavior through strict rules.
  22. The __ First Emperor’s burial mound was filled with thousands of ___-___ figures which illustrated the ruler’s devotion to preparing for the afterlife.
    • Qin
    • terra-cotta
  23. The mountainous geography of ___ was a major factor in shaping ___ history.  The ___ or city-state was a direct result of the isolation of people due to its geography.
    • Greece
    • Greek
    • polis
  24. The ___ and ___, written by Homer, told the story of the Trojan War.
    • Iliad
    • Odyssey
  25. ___, a legendary lawgiver, developed the Spartan military training system for young men.
  26. The ___ War between Sparta and Athens, which was won by ___, weakened Greece and allowed it to be conquered Philip II of ___.
    • Peloponnesian
    • Sparta
    • Macedonia
  27. Alexander the Great’s armies conquered civilizations as far east as ___.  He had a divine mission to conquer lands and blend cultures.
  28. The ___ Age spread Greek culture throughout the East.
  29. ___ was built on the banks of the Tiber River.
  30. ___ were small farmers, artisans, and dependents of landowners.  ___ were in control of the Roman Republic.
    • Plebeians
    • Patricians
  31. ___, a Carthaginian general, almost defeated Rome in the Punic Wars fought between Carthage and ___.
    • Hannibal
    • Rome
  32. The deaths of the ___ brothers indicated that the Roman Senate was corrupt and was not willing to make reforms.
  33. Rome’s greatest gift to the world was in the areas of ___ and ___.
    • law
    • government
  34. Roman life centered around the ___, the Circus Maximus and the ___ ___.
    • Colosseum
    • public baths
  35. ___ overthrew last Roman emperor in the West and established a government in Italy.
  36. ___ the Great founded Constantinople as the “New Rome”.
  37. Paul, a successful missionary who traveled throughout the area, was an early follower of ___.
  38. Rome established ___ ___ in the West while the Chinese under the leadership of ___ ___ were consolidated power in the East.
    • Pax Romana
    • Wu Ti
  39. Civilization of the ___ developed on the Yucatan Peninsula.
  40. The sacred __ court had life and death implications for those who played on it.
  41. The founder ___ was Muhammad and the holy text of ___ is the Qur’an which contains the teachings of Muhammad.
    • Islam
    • Islam
  42. The ___, the site of the Muslim religious shrine, is in Mecca.
  43. Islamic society unifies civil and religious life.  The Five Pillars of Faith of the Islamic religion are:
    • alms
    • prayer
    • pilgrimage
    • fasting
    • belief of Allah
  44. ___ represents the military force applied to converting non-believers to Islam.
  45. Successful expansion of Islam occurred because of a fierce devotion to the concept of ___, ___ upheavals outside of Islam, and its  to convert and embrace peoples of many colors and cultures.
    • jihad
    • political
    • willingness
  46. Shi’ites believe that the ___ should be a representative of the Islamic community serving with their consent.
  47. Trade throughout the world was the key to economic prosperity for ___.
  48. The ___ of the ___ controlled the trans-Saharan gold and salt trade.
    • Berber
    • Sudan
  49. ___ sultanates traded with Asia and Europe.
  50. The major influence of ___ in Africa was evidenced in the introduction of ___ money, bureaucratic ___ and the ___ language.
    • Islam
    • coined
    • government
    • Arabic
  51. ___ ___ was probably the first African ruler to be known throughout western Asia and Europe.
    Mansa Musa
  52. ___ kings built great stoned palaces at Great Zimbabwe.
  53. India’s “Golden Age” is traditionally associated with the ___ dynasty.
  54. Indian sea routes passed through the ___ kingdom and were used by the Romans to ship ___ Road imports home.
    • Kushan
    • Silk
  55. Mahmud of ___ helped spread Islam through parts of India.
  56. ___ (also known as Genghis Khan) was the man behind the Mongol successes in building a large empire.
  57. ___ was the major tool used in Mongol conquests.
  58. The major products traded between Europe and China in the age of the Mongol empire were ___ and ___.
    • silk
    • spices
  59. The ___ brought the entire Eurasian landmass under single rule and promoted trade.
  60. ___ ___ is responsible for most of the knowledge about Kublai Khan and China under the Mongols.
    Marco Polo
  61. China heavily influenced the culture of ___.  Government was based on the ___ or decentralized system.
    • Japan
    • feudal
  62. ___ were military men who owed obedience to the shogun in return for land.  In China, the ___ rose to positions dominance in Japanese government and society.
    • Samurai
    • samurai
  63. During the Middle Ages most education took place in the ___.
  64. ___ was one of the strongest medieval kings.  He was known for his conquest and efforts to establish ___ unity with an efficient government organization.
    • Charlemagne
    • political
  65. ___ emerged as a decentralized government structure whereby a vassal swore loyalty and homage to a lord.  The ceremony known as ___ involved lord promising land to a vassal in return for his promise to fight.

    Vassals were supported by income from a ___ (land given to him by a lord).
    • Feudalism
    • investiture
    • fief
  66. ___ referred to the economic self-sufficiency of the manor.
  67. The English king known for establishing “common law” was ___ ___.
    Henry II
  68. One of the ___ ___'s major principles was that no man is above the law.
    Magna Carta
  69. The principality of ___ was founded by Scandinavian Vikings.  At the end of the 10th century, Prince ___ converted the Russian people to Eastern Orthodox Christianity.
    • Kiev
    • Vladimir
  70. The declining power of the ___ in European society was a major source of instability and anxiety.
  71. The belief in doctrines officially condemned by the Church is known as ___.
  72. The goal of the ___ was to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims.  Motives included ___ fervor, allowing the ___ to assume leadership in liberating the Holy Land, and the desire for ___ adventures.  The major impact was a ___ of cities.
    • Crusades
    • religious
    • pope
    • military
    • revival
  73. Emperor ___ rebuilt the city after the riots, published the Code of ___ and built a monument at Hagia ___.
    • Justinian
    • Justinian
    • Sophia
  74. The Black Death or the ___ was spread by black rats that were infested with ___.
    • plague
    • fleas
  75. ___ were Christian fanatics who beat themselves during the Black Death.
  76. The ___ ___ (rebirth of learning) began in the northern cities of Italy. 
    Italian Renaissance
  77. Banking and politics were often controlled by influential families such as the ___ family.
  78. The great triad of painters of the Renaissance was ___, ___, and ___.
    • Michelangelo
    • DaVinci
    • Raphael
  79. ___ reintroduced classical literature from Roman and Greek civilizations to the Western world.
  80. The period between ___ and ___ was a time of two and sometimes three rival popes.  This time was known as the Great ___.
    • 1377
    • 1417
    • Schism