PE exam 1

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bradley.knox
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186933
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PE exam 1
Updated:
2012-12-04 08:58:20
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PE exam
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PE
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  1. What artery does the BP cuff go over?
    Brachial artery
  2. What are the BP cuff length and width measurments?
    • Length - covers 80 to 100 percent of arm circumference
    • Width - about 40 percent of arm circumference
  3. What aids in avoiding being misled by an auscultatory gap?
    Palpatory systolic pressure
  4. What is a normal variance between BP on each arm?
    5mm Hg
  5. What does a diastolic pressure of 90 to 104 indicate?
    mild hypertension
  6. What does a diastolic pressure of 105 to 114 indicate?
    Moderate hypertension
  7. What does of diastolic pressure of 115 or greater indicate?
    severe hypertension
  8. What dos a systolic pressure of 160 or greater and a diastolic less than 90 indicate?
    isolated systolic hypertension
  9. What does of BP of 100/60 indicate?
    hypotension
  10. What is defined as marked floopiness of muscle tissue?
    Hypotonic or Flaccid muscles
  11. In muscle testing what is the increased resistance that varies commonly worse at extremes of the range?
    Spasticity
  12. What is resistance the persists throughout the range and in both directions?
    Lead-Pipe Rigidity
  13. What is Paresis
    impaired strength is weakness
  14. Abscence of strength is called?
    Paralysis or Plegia
  15. What is weakness in one half of the body?
    Hemiparesis
  16. What is paralysis in one half of the body?
    Hemiplegia
  17. What does symmetric weakness of the proximal muscles suggest?
    Myopathy or muscle disorder
  18. What does symmetric weakness of the distal muscles suggest?
    Polyneuropathy
  19. In muscle grading what score does no contraction detected correlate with?
    0
  20. In muscle grading what score does a barely detectable flicker or trace of contraction correlate with?
    1
  21. In muscle grading what does active movement of the body part with gravity eliminated?
    2
  22. In muscle grading what does active movement against gravity correlate with?
    3
  23. In muscle grading what does active movement against gravity with some resistance?
    4
  24. In muscle grading what does active movement against full resistance with evident fatique (normal muscle strength) correlate with?
    5
  25. What action requires sensory nerve fibers, spinal cord synapse, motor nerve fibers, neuromuscular junction and muscle fibers?
    Arc Reflex
  26. In reflex grading what score is given to a very brisk, hyperactive, with clonus (aftershock), reflex?
    4+
  27. In reflex grading what score is given to a brisker than average (possibly indicative of disease) reflex?
    3+
  28. In reflex grading what does a score of 2+ indicate?
    normal reflex
  29. What does a 1+ in reflex grading indicate?
    somewhat diminished, low normal
  30. What do hyperactive reflexes suggest?
    CNS disease
  31. What does sustained clonus confirm?
    CNS disease
  32. What tract does pain and temperature use?
    spinothalamic tract
  33. What tract does light touch use?
    spinothalamic and posterior columns
  34. What is absence of pain sensation?
    analgesia
  35. what is decreased sensitivity to pain?
    Hypalgesia
  36. what is increased sensitivity to pain?
    Hyperalgesia
  37. What is absence of touch sensation?
    Anesthesia
  38. What is decreased sensitivity to touch?
    Hypesthesia
  39. What is increased sensitivity to touch?
    Hyperesthesia
  40. What is the first sense to be lost in a peripheral neuropathy?
    Vibration
  41. What is the ability to identify an object from feel?
    stereognosis
  42. What is number identification
    graphestesia
  43. What is a normal pulse rate?
    60 to 100
  44. What is defined as HR below 60?
    Bradycardia
  45. What is a HR of above 100?
    tachycardia
  46. What is the normal respiration range?
    12 to 20 /min
  47. What is related to high CO2?
    Hypercapina
  48. Less than 12 rep per min = ?
    greather than 20 rep per min = ?
    • bradypnea
    • tachypnea
  49. What is the name of disorganized sequence of breaths?
    Biot's respiratioin
  50. What is varying periods of increased breath depth interspersed with apnea?
    Cheyne-Stokes breathing
  51. What is a silent interval which may be present between the systolic and diastolic pressures?
    Auscultatory
  52. What is any elevation in temperature called?
    Pyrexia
  53. What is the time frame for acute and chronic pain?
    • Acute = less than 3 months
    • Chronic = longer than 6 months 

    3 to 6 months = Who knows?

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