PE exam 1
Card Set Information
PE exam 1
What artery does the BP cuff go over?
What are the BP cuff length and width measurments?
Length - covers 80 to 100 percent of arm circumference
Width - about 40 percent of arm circumference
What aids in avoiding being misled by an auscultatory gap?
Palpatory systolic pressure
What is a normal variance between BP on each arm?
What does a diastolic pressure of 90 to 104 indicate?
What does a diastolic pressure of 105 to 114 indicate?
What does of diastolic pressure of 115 or greater indicate?
What dos a systolic pressure of 160 or greater and a diastolic less than 90 indicate?
isolated systolic hypertension
What does of BP of 100/60 indicate?
What is defined as marked floopiness of muscle tissue?
Hypotonic or Flaccid muscles
In muscle testing what is the increased resistance that varies commonly worse at extremes of the range?
What is resistance the persists throughout the range and in both directions?
What is Paresis
impaired strength is weakness
Abscence of strength is called?
Paralysis or Plegia
What is weakness in one half of the body?
What is paralysis in one half of the body?
What does symmetric weakness of the proximal muscles suggest?
Myopathy or muscle disorder
What does symmetric weakness of the distal muscles suggest?
In muscle grading what score does no contraction detected correlate with?
In muscle grading what score does a barely detectable flicker or trace of contraction correlate with?
In muscle grading what does active movement of the body part with gravity eliminated?
In muscle grading what does active movement against gravity correlate with?
In muscle grading what does active movement against gravity with some resistance?
In muscle grading what does active movement against full resistance with evident fatique (normal muscle strength) correlate with?
What action requires sensory nerve fibers, spinal cord synapse, motor nerve fibers, neuromuscular junction and muscle fibers?
In reflex grading what score is given to a very brisk, hyperactive, with clonus (aftershock), reflex?
In reflex grading what score is given to a brisker than average (possibly indicative of disease) reflex?
In reflex grading what does a score of 2+ indicate?
What does a 1+ in reflex grading indicate?
somewhat diminished, low normal
What do hyperactive reflexes suggest?
What does sustained clonus confirm?
What tract does pain and temperature use?
What tract does light touch use?
spinothalamic and posterior columns
What is absence of pain sensation?
what is decreased sensitivity to pain?
what is increased sensitivity to pain?
What is absence of touch sensation?
What is decreased sensitivity to touch?
What is increased sensitivity to touch?
What is the first sense to be lost in a peripheral neuropathy?
What is the ability to identify an object from feel?
What is number identification
What is a normal pulse rate?
60 to 100
What is defined as HR below 60?
What is a HR of above 100?
What is the normal respiration range?
12 to 20 /min
What is related to high CO2?
Less than 12 rep per min = ?
greather than 20 rep per min = ?
What is the name of disorganized sequence of breaths?
What is varying periods of increased breath depth interspersed with apnea?
What is a silent interval which may be present between the systolic and diastolic pressures?
What is any elevation in temperature called?
What is the time frame for acute and chronic pain?
Acute = less than 3 months
Chronic = longer than 6 months
3 to 6 months = Who knows?