518 Definitions

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518 Definitions
2012-12-03 21:19:40

518 Terminology
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  1. A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease
    Health (WHO)
  2. Decreased intelligibility of speech, may be due to side effects of psychotropic medication
  3. Deficiency in content of speech compared to what level of information is normally expected
  4. Interruption of train of speech before completion
  5. Speech that is highly detailed and very delayed at reaching its goal
  6. Sounds, rather than meaningful relationships, appear to govern words or topics
  7. Ideas slip off the topic's track on to another which is obliquely related or unrelated
  8. During mid speech, the subject is changed in response to a stimulus
    Distractible Speech
  9. Echoing of one's or other people's speech that may only be committed once, or may be continuous in repetition
  10. Attempts to express ideas and/or feelings about another individual come out as evasive or in a diluted form
    Evasive Interaction
  11. A sequence of loose associations or extreme tangentiality where the speaker goes quickly from one idea to another seemingly unrelated idea
    Flight of ideas
  12. Speech that is unintelligible because, though the individual words are real words, the manner in which they are strung together results in incoherent gibberish
    Incoherence (Word Salad)
  13. New word formations
  14. Persistent repetition of words or ideas
  15. An increase in the amount of spontaneous speech compared to what is considered customary
    Pressure of speech
  16. Replying to questions in an oblique, tangential or irrelevant manner
  17. Inability to express a set of well-structured, logically related ideas
    Loose Associations
  18. Inability to identify an object by touch without visual input
  19. Observable behavior representing one's emotions
  20. State of unstable emotions
  21. Eager and exuberant mood regardless of the environmental reality
  22. Awareness of time, place, and person
  23. Involuntary movements of the tongue, face, lips, trunk, and extremities
    Tardive Dyskinesias
  24. Result of internal and external stimuli that evoke intense and patterned activation of autonomic nervous system
    Affective (hot) Violence
  25. Planned, purposeful, goal directed violence
    Predatory (cold) Violence
  26. Patient would rather not be alive, but does not indicate plan that involves act of initation
    Passive Ideation
  27. Patient has acute thoughts of completing suicide
  28. Sex (male)
    Age (adolescent or elderly)
    Previous Attempt
    Ethanol Abuse
    Rational Thinking Loss (psychosis)
    Social Supports Lacking
    Organized Plan
    No Spouse/Partner
  29. Provides authority, criteria, procedures, and timelines for apprehension, detention, admission and treatment of an individual as a formal patient and provides specific criteria for provision of supportive treatment
    Mental Health Act (MHA)
  30. Process by which it assigns an agent to be an alternative decision maker (domain specific) when a person is unable to make non-financial decisions for themselves
    Personal Directive Act
  31. New decision making options which allow for as much autonomy as possible and that can be tailored to different levels of capacity (supported decision making, co decision making, specific decision making, guardianship & trusteeship)
    Adult Guardian and Trustee Act
  32. Designation of alternative decision maker for financial affairs
    Power of Attorney Act
  33. Defines response and responsibilities when abuse is reported for persons in care or receiving support services by publicly funded agencies
    Protection of Persons in Care Act
  34. Means by which an individual can request access to their medical information
    Health Information Act
  35. Governs how individuals can access and correct their information and how agencies can store and use private information
    Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act
  36. Inability to feel pleasure
  37. Anxiety about being in places or situations where it is difficult to escape and may be embarrassing
  38. Recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses or images that are intrusive and cause marked anxiety
  39. Repetitive behaviors or mental acts designed to prevent or reduce stress or prevent a dreaded event or situation
  40. Complex array of biological, intrapsychic and interpersonal factors that create/maintain mental dysfunction
    Biopsychosocial Focus
  41. Employ ideas and techniques from variety of perspectives to understand and effectively treat client's problems
    Eclectic Approach
  42. Experiencing world from client's perspective
  43. Lobe of brain where higher mental functions occur (thinking & planning)
    Frontal Lobe
  44. Lobe of brain where processes information about pain, pressure, body temperature
    Parietal Lobe
  45. Lobe of brain that involves memory, perception, language processing
    Temporal Lobe
  46. Lobe of brain where visual processing occurs
  47. Expected rules in inpatient settings
    Mileau Treatment
  48. Subjective experience of individual
  49. Deficit in ability to perform tasks
  50. Result of process of elimination in which disorder is identified by meeting specific criteria
  51. Higher intellectual functions of abstraction, reasoning, judgment, and analysis
  52. Ability to connect mental processes with current actions (planning, organizing)
    Executive Function
  53. Deep seated beleifs not based in reality
  54. Specific and unwanted thought that is typically unwanted and can't be eliminated by reasoning
  55. Extremely literal verbal responses
  56. Ideas shift from one subject to something completely unrelated
    Loosening of associations
  57. Person digresses giving unnecessary, irrelevent information
  58. Person starts answering but rapidly digresses
  59. Inability to plan and coordinate complex motor actions
  60. Perceptual images experienced as sensations but not based on stimulation from external environment
  61. Milder form of perceptual distortion where outside object is real but person misinterprets
  62. Lack of observable emotion
    Flat Affect
  63. State of unstable emotions
  64. Automatic sequence of behaviors (conditioned responses)
    Procedural Memory
  65. Memory specific to consciously learned facts
    Declarative Memory
  66. Using meaning of words and ability to classify information or ideas
    Semantic Memory
  67. Knowledge of personal experiences
    Episodic memory
  68. Remembering to carry out actions in future
    Prospective Memory
  69. Unknowing fabrication of events to fill in gaps of true memory
  70. Schizophrenia: focused on negative symptoms that are enduring and not attributable to other sources
    Deficit Schizophrenia
  71. Schizophrenia: prominant positive symptoms and more severe mood symptoms
    Nondeficit Schizophrenia
  72. General lack of drive, or motivation to pursue meaningful goals
  73. Decreased enjoyment
  74. Inability to remain motionless
  75. Inability to initiate movement
  76. Include extreme restlessness, involuntary movements, and uncontrollable speech. Often associated with atypical antipsychotic medication. Reversible
    Extrapyramidal Symptoms
  77. Any time where client feels abnormally happy or sad
  78. Milder form of bipolar that lasts longer
  79. Milder form of major depressive episode but lasts longer
  80. One or more periods of depression (no necessary mania)
  81. One or more manic episodes (with history of at least 1 major depressive episode)
  82. Elevated mood last at least 4 days
  83. Criteria for both manic and depressive met everyday for at least 1 week
  84. Pattern of illness due to abnormal mood
  85. Dominant manic mood
    Bipolar I
  86. Dominant depressed mood
    Bipolar II
  87. Descriptors that help qualify disorders or episodes 
  88. Eat and sleep a lot, extremely sensitive to rejection
    Atypical Specifier
  89. Loss of appetite, guilt, feel slow, or agitated
    Melancholic Specifier
  90. Extreme motor hyperactivity or extreme inactivity
    Catatonic Specifier
  91. Manic or depressed within 1 month of giving birth
    Postpartum Specifier
  92. At least 4 episodes within 1 year
    Rapid Cycling
  93. Become ill regularly at same time each year
    Seasonal Pattern
  94. Anxiety that clearly affects and hinders daily function and is no longer servicable
    Clinical Anxiety
  95. Unpleasant emotional, cognitive, behavioural, or physical experiences of stress
  96. Enduring personality style that manifests persistent anxiety
    Trait Anxiety
  97. Time limited anxiety that diminishes with problem resolution
    Acute Anxiety
  98. Predictive anciety in response to future actual or imagined situations
    Anticipatory Anxiety
  99. Persists, developed around new stressors after immediate problems are resolved
    Chronic Anxiety
  100. Generalized anxiety which may be vague in origin
    Free Floating Anxiety
  101. Limited period of intense fear or distress
    Panic Attack
  102. Avoidance of, or suffering through, situations where might be difficult to leave or embarrassed to have panic attack
  103. Recurrent or illogical and excessive fear and anxiety from expectation of or actual encounter with stimulus, object or situation
    Specific Phobia
  104. Excessive fears of potentially humiliating social or performance situations where there is anticipation of examination or judgement 
    Social Phobia
  105. Recurrent obsessions and compulsions that cause distress and anxiety
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  106. Overwhelming traumatic event that impacts daily functioning
    Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  107. Similar to PTSD but symptoms develop within 1 month and least 2 days-1 month
    Acute Stress Disorder
  108. Persistent, uncontrollable and excessive anxiety or worry
    Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  109. Physiological effect of drug, medication, or toxin
    Substance Induced Anxiety Disorder
  110. Mental state of being aware of one's sensations, thoughts, bodily states, consciousness and environment while also being accepting, open and curious
  111. Focus on real encounters with anxiety producing objects and using variety of techniques to master situation
    In Vivo Exposure
  112. Incremental exposure to anxiety producing stimulus
    Systematic Densensitization
  113. Treatment in which evoke fear in controlled setting
    Interoceptive Densensitization
  114. Relax mind and body through verbal commands
    Autogenic Training
  115. Baby shoes no preference for 1 attachment figure - indiscriminate in attention seeking
    Phase 1 of Attachment (birth - 2-3mths)
  116. Baby distinguishes between caregivers and prefers 1 figure
    Phase 2 of Attachment (2-3mths - 7mths)
  117. Baby becomes more active in seeking physical proximity and social contact with caregiver and begins to develop IWMs or representations
    Phase 3 of Attachment (7mths - 3yrs)
  118. Baby shows evidence of behaviors that signal goal directed partnership 
    Phase 4 of Attachment (3+ yrs)
  119. Representations of past interactions and allow predicting future experience
    Internal Working Models (IWMs)
  120. Early stress and developmental trauma in form of attachment disruptions caused by toxic parenting or separation influences hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system
    HPA Effect
  121. Unable to form attachments (inhibited) or forms attachments with everyone (disinhibited)
    Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD)
  122. Failure to provide for basic safety and welfare
  123. Deliberate destruction or alteration of on'es body tissues without conscious suicidal intent
  124. Acute confusional state accompanied by agitation with quick onset and fluctuating levels of alertness
  125. Limited ability to express emotions and feelings
  126. Cognitive impairments of persons with frontal lobe damage that inhibits them from recognizing deficits in cognition, perception, or mobility
  127. Loss of control of body movements
  128. Belief that spouse is unfaithful
    Delusional jealousy
  129. Feelings of unreality
  130. Involuntary movements similar to tics
  131. Sustained feelings of success, confidence and well-being
  132. Unrealistic sense of superiority
  133. Inability, of which person may be unaware, to sustain concentration or attention
  134. Emotional state that usually colors one's whole psychological treatment
  135. Absent or decreased emotional and behavioral repertoire (flat affect, alogia, avolition, anhedonia, or hypohedonia)
    Negative Symptoms
  136. Active symptoms of psychotic disorders, including delusions and hallucinations as well as disorganized speech and behavior
    Positive Symptoms
  137. Significant impairment of reality testing and daily functioning due to the presence of positive symptoms
  138. Physical affect on body
  139. Distinguishing characteristcs of one's personal nature
  140. Delusions that another person, usually of higher status is in love with self
  141. Inflated appraisal of one's worth, power, knowledge, importance or identity
  142. Feeling that causal incidents and external events have a particular and unusual meaning specific to person
    Ideas of Reference
  143. False perceptions that occur when waking
  144. Significant reduction in the intensity of emotional expression
  145. None or nearly no emotional expression
  146. Loss of memory
  147. Impaired ability to learn new information or recall previously learned information
    Memory impairment
  148. Failure to recognize or identify objects despite intact sensory function
  149. Impaired ability to carry out motor activities despite intact motor function
  150. Language disturbance
  151. Alteration in perception or experience of external world so that it seems strange or unreal
  152. Apparent motiveless resistance to instructions or attempts to be moved
    Extreme Negativism
  153. Disordered tonicity of muscles
  154. False belief based on incorrect inference about external reality that is firmly sustained despite what almost everyone else believes and despite what constitutes inconvertible and obvious proof or evidence to the contrary
  155. Delusions that the person (or someone to whom individual is close to) is being malovently treated in some way
  156. Delusion that person has some physical defect or general medical condition
  157. Delusions characteristic of more than one of different types but no one theme predominates
  158. Mood in "normal" range which implies absence of depressed or elevated mood
  159. Lack of restraint in expressing one's feelings, frequently with an overvaluation of one's significance or importance
  160. Oriented to self only
  161. Oriented to self and location
  162. Oriented to self, location and time
  163. CBS: A dissociative episode characteried by period of brooding followed by outburst of violent, aggressive, or homicidal behavior directed at people and objects.
  164. CBS: Idiom of distress (Latinos)
    Ataque de nervios
  165. CBS: Syndromes whose cause is thought to be strongly experienced anger or rage
  166. CBS: Sudden outburst of agitated and aggressive behavior, marked confusion and psychomotor excitement
    Boufee Delirante
  167. CBS: Condition experienced by students like difficulties concentrating, remembering and thinking
    Brain fag
  168. CBS: Severe anxiety and hypochondrial cenerns associated with the discharge of semen, whitish discoloration of urine and feelings of weakness and exhaustion
  169. CBS: sudden collapse preceded by dizziness
    Falling-Out/Blacking Out
  170. CBS: Preoccupation with death and the deceased
    Ghost Sickness
  171. CBS: Anger syndrome attributed to suppression of anger
  172. CBS: Episode of sudden and intense anxiety that penis will recede into body and possibly cause death
  173. CBS: Hypersensitivity to sudden fright, often with echopraxia, echolalia, command obedience
  174. CBS: Severe form of chronic psychosis
  175. CBS: "Evil eye" in children (fitful sleep, crying, fever)
    Mal de ojo
  176. CBS: general state of vulnerability to stressful life experiences and syndrome brought on by difficult life experiences
  177. CBS: abrupt dissociative episode accompanied by extreme excitement of up to 30 mintues and frequently followed by convulsive seizures and comas lasting up to 12 hours
  178. CBS: acute, time-limited episode characterized by dissociative, paranoid, or other symptoms after participation in qi-going (exercise of vital energy)
    Qi-gong Psychotic Reaction
  179. CBS: set of cultural interpretations that ascribe illness to hexing and witchcraft
  180. CBS: pain, numbness, tremor, paralysis, convulsions, stroke, blindness, etc.
    Sangue Dormido
  181. CBS: condition characterized by physical and mental fatigue, dizziness, headaches (China)
    Shenjing Shuairuo
  182. CBS: Korean folk label for syndrome in which inital phases characterized by anxiety and somatic complaints
  183. CBS: trance state in which individuals communicate with deceased relatives or with spirits
  184. CBS: Latino illness attributed to frightening event that causes soul to leave body and results in unhapiness and sickness
  185. CBS: Japanese syndrome which refers to an individual's intense fear that his or her body displease or are offensive to other people
    Taijin Kyofusho
  186. CBS: experience of spirits possessing an individual