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What is obesity caused by? Remember monozygotic twin study.
Long-term positive enegy balance (3500 kcal per pound). Remember monozygotic twin study.
What are the components of energy expenditure? (4) Which is most modifiable?
- 1. Physical activity
- 2. Growth
- 3. Thermogenesis
- 4. Basal metabolism
What are physical activity requirements for preschoolers? (3) 60 rule
- 1. at least 60 min of structured physical activity.
- 2. should engage in at least 60 minutes of unstructured physical activity
- 3. should not be sedentary for mor ethan 60 min at a time.
Why is there such an emphasis on calorie balance? 2
How many calories should a 1-3 y.o get? 4-18 y.o?
Obesity is increasing and easier to prevent weight gain than to lose weight/maintain weigh tloss.
How much weight loss % results in health improvements? What improvements are these? (3)
What % of fat loss leads to health improvements? What improvements? (5)
Which is more important for kids: weight maintenance or loss?
5-10% --> improvements in cholesterol, BP, blood sugar.
4% fat loss - decreased total cholesterol and triglycerides, increased HDL, decreased BP
WEIGHT MAINTENANCE - kids can grow into their weight.
What are benefits of regular physical activity? (5 big ones) What else? (4)
- six big ones:
- - reduces risk of: (1) premature death (2) dying of heart disease (3) diabetes (4) high blood pressure (5) colon cancer
Helps control weight, reduces feelings of depression/anxiety, maintains healthy bones, muscles, joints, helps control weight.
What are factors that contribute to early development of eating habits? (4)
- 1. Genetic predisposition
- 2. Learned associations (flavors & affter affects of eating)
- 3. Predisposition to reject new foods
- 4. Pressure from eating!
What are the effects of strict parents pressure on food? (6)
- 1. Preference for high fat/junk foods (restricted foods).
- 2. When pressuring to eat more veggies, veggie consumption & micronutrient intake decreased
- 3. Disruption of child's natural internal cues (hunger, satiety)
- 4. Overeating and negative emotions about overeating
- 5. Increased attention to external cues (time of day, plate size, etc).