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What is classical conditioning?
- Unassociated stimuli can produce reflexive behavior
- Learning by association (Pavlov's dog)
- B.F. Skinner
- Unconscious determined behavior overrides conscious determination
- Consequence of behavior can affect future behavior
What is positive reinforcement?
- Pleasant consequence follows a response
- Part of operant conditioning
What is negative reinforcement?
Withdrawal of unpleasant stimulus to increase likelihood of response (also called escape)
What is omission?
- Like a time out
- Removal of a pleasant stimulus
What is punishment?
Presenting an unpleasant stimulus (like voice control)
What is observational learning?
Behavior imitation observed in a social context (from others)
What is the goal of behavior guidance?
Ease fear and anxiety while promoting oral health
What are the four essentials of communication?
- The sender
- The message
- The context in which message is sent
- The receiver
What is the goal of distraction?
- Decrease perception of unpleasantness
- Avert negative or avoidance behavior
what is successive approximation?
Successive steps to condition the child to accept intervention
What are some examples of advanced behavior guidance?
- Protective stabilization
- General anesthesia
What would you like to do?
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