13.1 Prelude to Reformation: II Church and Religion on the Eve of the Reformation

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13.1 Prelude to Reformation: II Church and Religion on the Eve of the Reformation
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2012-12-05 11:48:10
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  1. Corruption in Catholic church
    • a.      spurred people to want reform
    •                                                               i.      Failure of popes to provide spiritual leadership affected spiritual life of Christendom
    • 1.      Papal court’s interest in finances and economic change affected clergy
    • a.      Highest clergy positions held by nobles or wealthy bourgeoisie
  2. To increase profits, what did high church officials do?
    • high church officials held more than one office, called pluralismà absenteeism: church officeholders ignored their duties and hired unqualified underlingsà complaints
  3. Church adn ordinary people
    •                                                               i.      Salvation process= mechanical
    • 1.       many sought salvation through collecting relics
    • 2.      Others sought it through mystical movement called Modern Devotion, which downplayed religious dogma and stressed need to follow Jesus’ teachings
  4. Revival
    •                                                               i.      Revival of religious piety adhered to orthodox beliefs nad practices of Catholic Church
    • 1.      Agitation for certainty of salvation and spiritual peace occurred within framework of “holy mother Church.”
    • a.      Disillusionment grew as devout encountered clergy’s inability to meet their requests
    • 2.      Deepening of religious life found no answer through clergy

  5. a.      Reforms
    •                                                               i.      Calls for reform from religious orders of Franciscans, Dominicans, and Augustinians who emphasized preaching to laypeople
    • 1.      Johannes Geiler of Kaisersberg denounced corruption of clergy
  6. Oratory of Divine Love
    •                                                               i.      Italy, 1497
    • 1.      Not religious order, but informal group of clergy and laymen who worked to foster reform through emphasis on personal spiritual development and acts of charity
    • 2.      “philosophy of Christ” appealed to them
    • 3.      Members included cardinals who wanted reform
  7. Cardinal Ximenes
    • a.      active in using Christian humanism to reform Church
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      To foster spirituality among people, he had religious writings translated into Spanish

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