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How many stomachs do cows have?
Why should male cats be neutered?
- 1. So it won't spray/have roaming behavior
- 2. To prevent testicular cancer
- 3. To prevent abscesses
Why spay a female dog?
- 1. It prevents bleeding all over
- 2. It prevents ovarian cancer
- 3. It prevents unwanted breeding
What is the normal temperature for dogs?
100-102.5 degrees fahrenheit
What is a normal temperature for cats?
100-103 degrees fahrenheit
What are some zoonotic diseases?
- 1. Ringworm
- 2. Mange
- 3. Cat scratch fever
- 4. Salmonella
What does OSHA stand for?
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration
What is a cryptorchid?
A developmental defect marked by the failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum. It can be one or both of them. (this makes neutering more complicated and it costs more)
What are a few core vaccines for cats?
- 1. Rabies
- 2. Feline Leukemia
What is a core vaccine for a dog?
- 1. Rabies
- 2. Distemper
- 3. Canine Parainfluenza
What do you have to be careful for when handling avians(birds)?
Do not squeeze their chest too tightly. They will have difficulty breathing. They do not have a diaphragm
What are some animals that need vaccines?
Cats, Dogs, Horses, Goats, Ferrits ect.
What Vitamin to Guinea Pigs need?
What should a rabbits diet consist of?
*70% hay, 25% pellets, and the rest fresh veggies/greens.
What don't birds need to eat?
Fruit. (Unless it's an ostrich)
What are some examples of reptiles?
Lizards(land), Turtles(aquatic), Tortoises(land)
What do reptiles need?
bedding, lighting, humidity, water, and thermoregulation.
Why can alfalfa pellets be harmful to reptiles?
They can cause respiratory problems if wet.
What is a twitch?
You attach it to a soft sensitive lip(usually a chain-like structure used on horses). It is painful but release endorphins and makes the animal more easily handleable.
What is a hand?
Its a measurement used to determine the height in horses. 1 hand= 4 inches.
What is influenza?
A viral respiratory disease.
What is "strangles" in horses?
It is a bacterial infection. It causes respiratory disease. It also can cause swelling and abscesses in the jaw.
What is Dystocia?
Birthing problems. Usually in short snouted dogs such as pugs.
What is hypothermia?
A drop in body temperature.
What are a few controversial things people do to animals?
Tail docking, ear cropping, and dewclaws.
What is an Ovario-hysterectomy?
The ovary/uterus is removed.
What is colostrum?
The first secretion of milk that has antibodies, lasts 1-2 days.
How long is a cats gestation?
What is the general rule when core vaccines should be given?
8, 12, and 16 weeks. Then every 3 years.
What are the four types of teeth dogs and cats have?
Incisors, Canines, Pre-Molars, Molars.
What can a vet do, that a vet tech can't?
- 1. Diagnose
- 2. Prescribe
- 3. Sx (Surgery)
- 4. Prognose
What is the average heart rates for dogs?
60-160 bpm (depends on the size of the dog. smaller breeds and puppies can have up to 200 bpm)
What is the average respirtatory rate for dogs?
16-32 breaths per min
What is the average heart rate for cats?
140-220 bpm (higher than dogs)
What is the average respiratory rate for cats?
20-42 breaths per minute. (higher respiratory rate than dogs)
Body Conditioning Score
A scale from 1-5.
- 1= emaciated
- 2= thin
- 4= stout
- 5= obese
What are the risks of obesity in animals?
high blood pressure, diabetes, kidney disease, heart disease, respiratory disease, and cranial cruciate ligament injury.
Where can you find the heart rate?
On the front left side of an animal. Pull their elbow out.
What NOT to do when on the phone in an emergency situation with an owner?
Never give a diagnosis on the phone!
***Always reccomend the owner to bring their pet in. Try to get the size of the animal (ex: the breed, so you can start setting stuff up)
Who can do a physical exam?
What do you need to wear during a radiograph?
- 1. lead gown
- 2. safety goggles
- 3. thyroid protector
- 4. gloves
Who can induce anesthesia?
A Vet and RVT
Why is it not always safe for vomiting to be induced?
It can corrode the trachea if the poison/object has already reached the stomach. (you can use peroxide to induce vomiting)
What is aspiration?
Fluid in the lungs
How can you prevent transferring zoonotic diseases?
- 1. wear gloves
- 2. wash hands
- 3. dispose of anesthesia
- 4. wear protective equipment