PSYCH501 Module 6

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PSYCH501 Module 6
2012-12-12 12:33:16

Definitions for Module 6
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  1. within-subjects experiment (randomized block design)
    A design where each participant is measured under all a > 2 treatment conditions, with treatments presented in random order
  2. within-subjects factor
    The independent variable in a within-subjects experiment
  3. carryover effect
    occurs when the effect of one treatment persistsduring exposure to a second treatment
  4. derived score
    where a = the number of levels and number of scores that participant i has.
  5. mixed two-factor design (split plot design)
    a design which has one between-subjects factor and one within-subjects factor
  6. repeated factor
    a factor in which participants are measured on two or more occasions
  7. compound symmetry assumption
    assumes that the population variances of the dependent variables are equal across the levels of the within-subjectsfactor(s) and that the population covariances between each pair of within-subjectmeasurements are equal for all pairs
  8. quasi-experimental design
    include two or more treatment conditions but do not involve random assignment of participants to treatment conditions
  9. nonequivalent pretest-posttest design
    a sample of participants will self-select into, or will be nonrandomly assigned to, two different groups. All participants are measured on the dependent variable prior to receiving treatment. One group receives treatment 1 and the other group receives treatment 2. All participants are measured on the dependent variable at a later point in time.
  10. history effect
    when one group is exposed to certain events that occurred between the pretest and posttest in addition to the specified treatment and this poses a threat to the internal validity of the study
  11. regression towards the mean
    the tendency of extreme scoring participants' scores to fall closer to the mean when measured again
  12. differential maturation
    occurs in studies where, in the absence of any treatment effect, the type of participant in one group will mature or naturally change over time, at a different rate than the type of participant in the other group